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Actinoptychus splendens (Shadbolt) Ralfs 1861

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Bacillariophyta
Subphylum Coscinodiscophytina
Class Coscinodiscophyceae
Subclass Coscinodiscophycidae
Order Coscinodiscales
Family Heliopeltaceae
Genus Actinoptychus

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Actinoptychus splendens (Shadbolt) Ralfs
(16 sectors)__400x _Diam. 111 µm __Oamaru, New Zealand. 13 Sep 2011. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView.com).

Actinoptychus splendens (Shadbolt) Ralfs
(16 sectors)__400x _Diam. 111 µm __Oamaru, New Zealand. 13 Sep 2011. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView.com).

Actinoptychus splendens (Shadbolt) Ralfs
(12 sectors)__400x _Diam. 65 µm __Oamaru, New Zealand. 13 Sep 2011. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView.com).

Actinoptychus splendens (Shadbolt) Ralfs
(12 sectors)__400x _Diam. 65 µm __Oamaru, New Zealand. 13 Sep 2011. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView.com).

Actinoptychus splendens (Shadbolt) Ralfs
(14 sectors)__400x _Diam. 92 µm __Oamaru, New Zealand. 13 Sep 2011. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView.com).

Actinoptychus splendens (Shadbolt) Ralfs
(14 sectors)__400x _Diam. 92 µm __Oamaru, New Zealand. 13 Sep 2011. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView.com).

 

Rhodochorton minutum (Suhr) Reinke

Actinophaenia splendens Shadbolt (14 sectors)__400x _Diam. 92 µm __Oamaru, New Zealand
© Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView.com)

Publication details
Actinoptychus splendens (Shadbolt) Ralfs in Pritchard 1861: 840

Published in: Pritchard, A. (1861). A history of infusoria, including the Desmidiaceae and Diatomaceae, British and foreign. Fourth edition enlarged and revised by J. T. Arlidge, M.B., B.A. Lond.; W. Archer, Esq.; J. Ralfs, M.R.C.S.L.; W. C. Williamson, Esq., F.R.S., and the author. pp. xii, 968, 40 plates. London: Whittaker and Co..
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Actinoptychus is Actinoptychus senarius (Ehrenberg) Ehrenberg.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Actinophaenia splendens Shadbolt

Origin of species name
Participle B (Latin), splendid, shining, gleaming, brilliant (Stearn 1985).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Actinophaenia splendens Shadbolt 1854

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Actinophaenia splendens Shadbolt)
Africa: Gambia (Foged 1986).

South-west Asia: India (Gupta & Das 2020).

Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Actinoptychus splendens (Shadbolt) Ralfs)
Arctic: Arctic Russia (Tsoy & Obrezkova 2017).

Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, Moro & al. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Madeira (Kaufmann, Santos & Maranhão 2015).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Vilicic, Marasovic & Miokovic 2002), Albania (Miho & Witkowski 2005), Baltic Sea (Hällfors 2004), Bosnia-Hertzegovina (Hafner, Jasprica & Car 2018), Britain (Hendey 1954, Hendey 1974, Hartley 1986, Sims 1996), France (Méléder et al. 2007 ), Helgoland (Kraberg & al. 2019), Netherlands (Veen & al. 2015), Portugal (Moita & Vilarinho 1999), Scandinavia (Karlason & al. 2018), Spain (Varela 1982).

North America: Canada (Mather & al. 2010), Mexico (López-Fuerte & Siqueiros-Beltrones 2016), Mexico (Atlantic) (Licea, Moreno-Ruiz & Luna 2016), Mexico (Pacific) (Torres-Ariño & al. 2019), North Carolina (Hustedt 1955).

South America: Brazil (Eskinazi-Leça & al. 2010), Colombia (Lozano-Duque & al. 2010).

Africa: South Africa (Giffen 1967).

Middle East: Egypt (Zalat 2002), Turkey (Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019, Kalei & Akçaalan 2020).

South-east Asia: Philippines (Bassler 1925).

Asia: China (Liu 2008), Korea (Lee, Choi & Lee 1995), Russia (Far East) (Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Australia and New Zealand: Australia (McCarthy 2013), New Zealand (Harper & al. 2012).

Key references
Guo Yujie [Kuo, Y.C., Guo, Y.C.] (2003). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum. Tomus V. Bacillariophyta No. I. Centricae. pp. [1]-493. Beijing: Science Press.

Hendey, N.I. (1974). A revised check-list of the British marine diatoms. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 54: 277-300, no figs.

Hoppenrath, M., Elbrächter, M. & Drebes, G. (2009). Marine phytoplankton Selected microphytoplankton species from the North Sea around Helgoland and Sylt. pp. [1]-264, figs 1-87. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung.

Sims, P.A. (ed.) (1996). An atlas of British diatoms arranged by B. Hartley based on illustrations by H.G. Barber and J.R. Carter. pp. [2], 1-601, incl. 290 pls. Bristol: Biopress Ltd.

Villac, M.C., Kaczmarska, I. & Ehrman, J.M. (2016). Diatoms from ship ballast sediments (with consideration of a few additional species of special interest). Diatom Monographs 18: [1]-557, 235 pls.

Created: 23 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 18 July 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3253 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 29 July 2021.

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