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Biddulphia rhombus (Ehrenberg) W.Smith 1854

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Bacillariophyta
Subphylum Bacillariophytina
Class Mediophyceae
Subclass Biddulphiophycidae
Order Biddulphiales
Family Biddulphiaceae
Genus Biddulphia

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Biddulphia rhombus (Ehrenberg) W.Smith
630x __Dim. 50 x 73 µm. 21 Jul 2012. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView.com).

Biddulphia rhombus (Ehrenberg) W.Smith
400x __Dim. 80 x 124 µm. 10 Jul 2012. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView.com).

Biddulphia rhombus (Ehrenberg) W.Smith
400x __Dim. 80 x 124 µm. 10 Jul 2012. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView.com).

Biddulphia rhombus (Ehrenberg) W.Smith
400x __Dim. 80 x 124 um. 08 Jul 2012. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView.com).

 

Biddulphia rhombus (Ehrenberg) W.Smith 630x __Dim. 50 x 73 µm
© Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView.com)

Publication details
Biddulphia rhombus (Ehrenberg) W.Smith in Roper 1854: 76, pl. 6: fig. 5

Published in: Roper, F.C.S. (1854). Some observations on the Diatomaceae of the Thames. Transactions of the Microscopical Society, New Series, London 2: 67-80, pl.VI.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Biddulphia is Biddulphia pulchella S.F.Gray.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Zygoceros rhombus Ehrenberg

Basionym
Zygoceros rhombus Ehrenberg

Type information
Lectotype locality: "Cuxhaven" [North Sea, Germany] (Jahn & Kusber 2004: 585). Notes: Lectotype (designated by Jahn & Kusber 2004:585): Specimen in red ring on preparation No. 540043-4 in BHUPM (Jahn & Kusber 2004: fig. 45).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Biddulphia rhombus var. typica Cleve-Euler 1951

Taxonomic notes
Also in W. Smith 1856, p. 49, pl. 45: fig. 320 - (9 Jul 2012) - Robert Lavigne

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Lavigne, A.S., Sunesen, I. & Sar, E.A. (2015). Morphological, taxonomic and nomenclatural analysis of species of Odontella, Trieres and Zygoceros (Triceratiaceae, Bacillariophyta) from Anegada Bay (Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina). Diatom Research 30(4): 307-331.

Key references
Guo Yujie [Kuo, Y.C., Guo, Y.C.] (2003). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum. Tomus V. Bacillariophyta No. I. Centricae. pp. [1]-493. Beijing: Science Press.

Hendey, N.I. (1964). An introductory account of the smaller algae of British coastal waters. Part V: Bacillariophyceae (diatoms). pp. [i]-xxii, 1-317. London: Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Fishery Investigations. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.

Hoppenrath, M., Elbrächter, M. & Drebes, G. (2009). Marine phytoplankton Selected microphytoplankton species from the North Sea around Helgoland and Sylt. pp. [1]-264, figs 1-87. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung.

Sar., E.A., Sunesen, I., Jahn, R., Kusber, W.H. & Lavigne, A.S. (2007). Revision of Odontella atlantica (Frenguelli) Sar comb. et stat. nov. with comparison to two related species, O. rhombus (Ehrenb.) Kütz. and O. rhomboides R. Jahn et Kusber. Diatom Research 22(2): 341-353, 20 figs, 1 table.

Created: 23 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 11 January 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1321 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 June 2021.

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