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Zygoceros rhombus Ehrenberg 1839

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Bacillariophyta
Subphylum Bacillariophytina
Class Mediophyceae
Subclass Thalassiosirophycidae
Order Eupodiscales
Family Eupodiscaceae
Genus Zygoceros


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Zygoceros rhombus Ehrenberg
630x __Dim. 50 x 73 µm. 21 Jul 2012. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView.com).

Zygoceros rhombus Ehrenberg
400x __Dim. 80 x 124 µm. 10 Jul 2012. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView.com).

Zygoceros rhombus Ehrenberg
400x __Dim. 80 x 124 µm. 10 Jul 2012. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView.com).

Zygoceros rhombus Ehrenberg
400x __Dim. 80 x 124 um. 08 Jul 2012. Robert Lavigne. © Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView.com).


Izziella abbottiae Doty

Biddulphia rhombus (Ehrenberg) W.Smith 400x __Dim. 80 x 124 µm
© Robert Lavigne (MicroscopyView.com)

Publication details
Zygoceros rhombus Ehrenberg 1839: 156 (as 'Rhombus' )

Published in: Ehrenberg [C.G.] (1839). Über jetzt wirklich noch zahlreich lebende Thier-Arten der Kreideformation der Erde. Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Königl. Preuß. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1839: 152-159.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Zygoceros.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Lectotype locality: "Cuxhaven" [North Sea, Germany] (Jahn & Kusber 2004: 585). Notes: Lectotype (designated by Jahn & Kusber 2004:585): Specimen in red ring on preparation No. 540043-4 in BHUPM (Jahn & Kusber 2004: fig. 45).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Biddulphia rhombus (Ehrenberg) W.Smith 1854

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Odontella rhomboides R.Jahn & W.-H.Kusber 2004

Nomenclatural notes
1840 (1839): 160, pl. IV: fig. XI (INA). - (17 Feb 2016) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Hoppenrath, M., Elbrächter, M. & Drebes, G. (2009). Marine phytoplankton Selected microphytoplankton species from the North Sea around Helgoland and Sylt. pp. [1]-264, figs 1-87. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung.

Jahn, R. & Kusber, W.H. (2004). Algae of the Ehrenberg collection - 1. Typification of 32 names of diatom taxa described by C.G. Ehrenberg. Willdenowia 34(2): 577-595, 1 table.

Lavigne, A.S., Sunesen, I. & Sar, E.A. (2015). Morphological, taxonomic and nomenclatural analysis of species of Odontella, Trieres and Zygoceros (Triceratiaceae, Bacillariophyta) from Anegada Bay (Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina). Diatom Research 30(4): 307-331.

Sar., E.A., Sunesen, I., Jahn, R., Kusber, W.H. & Lavigne, A.S. (2007). Revision of Odontella atlantica (Frenguelli) Sar comb. et stat. nov. with comparison to two related species, O. rhombus (Ehrenb.) Kütz. and O. rhomboides R. Jahn et Kusber. Diatom Research 22(2): 341-353, 20 figs, 1 table.

Sims, P.A., Williams, D.M. & Ashworth, M.[P.] (2018). Examination of type specimens for the genera Odontella and Zygoceros (Bacillariophyceae) with evidence for the new family Odontellaceae and a description of three new genera. Phytotaxa 382(1): 1-56, 156 figs, 2 text-figs.

Created: 23 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 31 January 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 565 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 29 July 2021.

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