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Trigonium arcticum (Brightwell) Cleve 1868

Publication details
Trigonium arcticum (Brightwell) Cleve 1868: 663

Published in: Cleve, P.T. (1867). Diatomaceer från Spetsbergen. Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar, Stockholm 24(10): 661-670.

Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Trigonium.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Triceratium arcticum Brightwell

Type information
Type locality: Beechy Island, Arctic Regions: Dr. Sutherland and sparingly from other parts of the Arctic Seas (Index Nominum Algarum).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), of or pertaining to the Arctic (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Triceratium arcticum Brightwell 1853
Biddulphia arctica (Brightwell) Boyer 1901

Habitat notes
Marine littoral species, epiphytic or attached to various substrata. Frequent on Delesseria lancifolia, very rare on Pantonneura plocamioides, and rare on Phaeurus antarcticus (Al-Handal & Wulff 2008). - (7 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Triceratium arcticum Brightwell)
Atlantic Islands: Iceland (Scholz & Einarsson 2015).

Asia: China (Liu 2008), Russia (Far East) (Medvedeva & Nikulina 2014), Russia (Sea of Japan) (Gail 1950).

(as Trigonium arcticum (Brightwell) Cleve)
Europe: Britain (Hendey 1954, Hendey 1974, Hartley 1986, Sims 1996).

South-west Asia: India (Gupta & Das 2020).

Antarctic and Antarctic islands: Ant./Subantarctic and islands (Scott & Thomas 2005), King George Island (Al-Handal & Wulff 2008).

Key references
Al-Handal, A.Y. & Wulff, A. (2008). Marine epiphytic diatoms from the shallow sublittoral zone in Potter Cove, King George Island, Antarctica. Botanica Marina 51: 411-435.

Hendey, N.I. (1964). An introductory account of the smaller algae of British coastal waters. Part V: Bacillariophyceae (diatoms). pp. [i]-xxii, 1-317. London: Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Fishery Investigations. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.

Scott, F.J. & Thomas, D.P. (2005). Diatoms. In: Antarctic marine protists. (Scott, F.J. & Marchant, H.J. Eds), pp. 13-201. Canberra & Hobart: Australian Biological Resources Study; Australian Antarctic Division.

Sims, P.A. (ed.) (1996). An atlas of British diatoms arranged by B. Hartley based on illustrations by H.G. Barber and J.R. Carter. pp. [2], 1-601, incl. 290 pls. Bristol: Biopress Ltd.

Created: 23 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 11 January 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1219 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Hoban, M.A. (1983). Biddulphioid diatoms. II. The morphology and systematics of the Pseudocellate species, Biddulphia biddulphiana (Smith) Boyer, B. alternans (Bailey) Van Heurck, and Trigonium arcticum (Brighywell) Cleve. Botanica Marina 26: 271-284.
Nair, A., Mohan, R., Shetye, S., Gazi, S., & Jafar, S.A. (2015). Trigonium curvatus sp. nov. and Trigonium arcticum (Bacillariophyceae) from the surface sediments of Prydz Bay, East Antarctica. Micropaleontology 61(3): 185-192, 24 figs., 1 table.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=39915

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 September 2021.

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