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Gracilaria multipartita (Clemente) Harvey 1846

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gracilariales
Family Gracilariaceae
Subfamily Gracilarioideae
Tribe Gracilarieae
Genus Gracilaria


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Gracilaria multipartita (Clemente) Harvey
ubtidal with Zostera marina, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Gracilaria multipartita (Clemente) Harvey
Portugal, North of Viana, 2009. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gracilaria multipartita (Clemente) Harvey
below Marine Hotel, Salcombe, South Devon, U.K.. Phil Smith. © Phil Smith.

Gracilaria multipartita (Clemente) Harvey
Spain, Galicia, A Coruña, ría de A Coruña, 2004. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).


Fucus cordatus Turner

Gracilaria multipartita (Clemente) Harvey Portugal, North of Viana, 2009
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Gracilaria multipartita (Clemente) Harvey 1846: pl. XV [15]

Published in: Harvey, W.H. (1846). Phycologia britannica, or, a history of British sea-weeds: containing coloured figures, generic and specific characters, synonymes, and descriptions of all the species of algae inhabiting the shores of the British Islands. pp. Text with plates, pls I-LXXVIII. London: Reeve & Benham.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gracilaria is Gracilaria compressa (C.Agardh) Greville.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Fucus multipartitus Clemente

Type information
Type locality: Andalusia (Athanasiadis 1996: 64). Lectotype: MA (Rodríguez-Prieto et al. 2016: 452). Notes: cir. Algeciras, Tarifa et Gades (INA).

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Gracilaria

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), divided into many parts (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus multipartitus Clemente 1807
Sphaerococcus multipartitus (Clemente) C.Agardh 1822
Chondrus multipartitus (Clemente) Greville 1833

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus aeruginosus Turner 1811
Chondrus aeruginosus (Turner) J.V.Lamouroux 1813
Sphaerococcus polycarpus Greville 1828
Rhodymenia polycarpa (Greville) Greville 1830
Gracilaria multipartita var. aeruginosa (Turner) J.Agardh 1852
Gracilaria foliifera f. aeruginosa (Turner) Børgesen 1938

Nomenclatural notes
Abbott (1995: 191) cites the authority for this species as J. Agardh.

Harvey (1846, pl. XV, expl. pl.) refers the combination to J. Agardh (Alg. med. 151, 1842) but it was not made there. - (17 Feb 2010) - M.D. Guiry

Taxonomic notes
Formerly reported from the north-eastern Atlantic as Gracilaria foliifera, an Indian Ocean species that apparently does not occur in the Atlantic (Guiry & Freamhainn 1985). See, also, Steentoft & Farnham (1997). Lawson & John (1987) note that Bodard ( pers. comm.) believes that the West African plants referred to this species closely resemble the Canary Island plant identified as Gracilaria lacinulata by Børgesen (1929). Bodard (1966a) suggests that most of the Sénégal plants formerly called G. dentata should more correctly be referred to the European G. foliifera (now G. multipartita) and that some of the African and Canary plants which had been given this latter name may be a new, and as yet, undescribed species. John et a. (2004) cite Gracilaria corallicola Zanardini, G. foliifera (Forssk.) Børgesen and G. lacinulata (H. West) M. Howe as synonyms of this species. They refer to Hardy & Guiry (2003) for comments concerning the status of records of Gracilaria foliifera in the Atlantic Ocean.

Habitat notes
subtidal and intertidal on rocks and shells in sand (Steentoft & Farnham, 1997) and subtidal on maërl bottoms (Rodríguez-Prieto et al. 2016). - (19 Jan 2017) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Gracilaria multipartita (Clemente) Harvey)
English: Cleaved Wart Weed (Bunker & al. 2010).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Abbott, I.A. (1995). A decade of species of Gracilaria (sensu lato). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.5, pp. 185-195. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Guiry, M.D. & Freamhainn, M.T. (1986). Biosystematics of Gracilaria foliifera (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta). Nordic Journal of Botany 5: 629-637.

Gurgel, C.F.D., Norris, J.N., Schmidt, W.E., Le, H.N. & Fredericq, S. (2018). Systematics of the Gracilariales (Rhodophyta) including new subfamilies, tribes, subgenera, and two new genera, Agarophyton gen. nov. and Crassa gen. nov. Phytotaxa 374(1): 1-23.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Freshwater, D.W. & Hommersand, M. (2016). Gracilaria corallicola and G. multipartita (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta), two related flattened European species. European Journal of Phycology 51(4): 444-460.

Steentoft, M. & Farnham, W.F. (1997). Northern distribution boundaries and thermal requirements of Gracilaria and Gracilariopsis (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) in Atlantic Europe and Scandinavia. Nordic Journal of Botany 17: 87-93.

Created: 13 May 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 05 November 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 8966 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Givernaud, T., El Gourji, A., Mouradi-Givernaud, A., Lemoine, Y. & Chiadmi, N. (1999). Seasonal variations of growth and agar composition of Gracilaria multipartita harvested along the Atlantic coast of Morocco.. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 16: 167-172.
Greig-Smith, E. (1954). Cytological observations on Gracilaria multipartita. British Phycological Bulletin 1(2): 4-5.
Polifrone M.,Viera-Rodríguez M. A, Suárez-Santana J., Lazzoz G. & Pérez-Ruzafa I. (2005). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. XX. Gracilaria corallicola, G. gracilis, G. multipartita y Gracilariopsis longissima (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta). Botanica Complutensis 29: 77-83.
Rmiki, N.E., Lemoine, Y., Kling, R. & Cabioch, J. (1994). Distribution verticale des Gracilaires sur le littoral et relation avec la photoinhibition. Gracilariopsis confervoides, Gracilaria verrucosa, Gracilaria multipartita. Cryptogamie: Algologie 15(1): 11 (abstract).
Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Freshwater, D.W. & Hommersand, M. (2016). Gracilaria corallicola and G. multipartita (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta), two related flattened European species. European Journal of Phycology 51(4): 444-460.
Sinova, E.S (1941). De forma nova Gracilaria multipartita (Clem.) Harv. f. supernedilatata Sinova. Botaniceskie Materialy Instituta Sporovyh Rastenij Glavnogo Botaniceskogo Sada RSFSR. Notulae Systematicae ex Instituto Cryptogamico Horti Botanici Petropolitani Reipublicae Rossicae 5(7-9): 124-125. [in Russian with Latin description]

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 September 2021.

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