156,863 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,034 images, 60,611 bibliographic items, 450,453 distributional records.

Gyrodinium aureolum E.M.Hulburt

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gymnodiniales
Family Gyrodiniaceae
Genus Gyrodinium

 

Publication details
Gyrodinium aureolum E.M.Hulburt 1957: 209, pl. 2: figs 8, 9

Published in: Hulburt, E.M. (1957). The taxonomy of unarmored Dinophyceae of shallow embayments on Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Biological Bulletin (Woods Hole) 112: 196-219.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Gyrodinium is Gyrodinium spirale (Bergh) Kofoid & Swezy.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Gymnodinium aureolum (E.M.Hulburt) Gert Hansen

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
Cited as accepted name by Ignatiadis (2012). - (12 Jun 2012) - Wendy Guiry

Usage notes
Very toxic (Ignatiades 2012). - (12 Jun 2012) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: USA: Massachusetts: Great Pond, Barnstable County (Silva 1996-to date).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Hansen, G., Daugbjerg, N. & Henriksen, P. (2000). Comparitive study of Gymnodinium mikimotoi and Gymnodinium aureolum comb. nov. (=Gyrodinium aureolum) based on morphology, pigment composition and molecular data. Journal of Phycology 36: 394-410.

Key references
Bérard-Therriault, L., Poulin, M. & Bossé, L. (1999). Guide d'identification du phytoplancton marin de l'estuaire et du Golfe du Saint-Laurent incluant également certains protozoaires. Publication Spéciale Canadienne des Sciences Halieutiques et Aquatiques 128: 1-387.

Gómez, F. (2008). Phytoplankton invasions: comments on the validity of categorizing the non-indigenous dinoflagellates and diatoms in European Seas. Marine Pollution Bulletin 56: 620-628.

Hansen, G., Daugbjerg, N. & Henriksen, P. (2000). Comparitive study of Gymnodinium mikimotoi and Gymnodinium aureolum comb. nov. (=Gyrodinium aureolum) based on morphology, pigment composition and molecular data. Journal of Phycology 36: 394-410.

Parke, M. & Dixon, P.S. (1976). Check-list of British marine algae - third revision. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 56: 527-594.

Silva, P.C. (1996-to date). Index Nominum Algarum, University Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/INA.html. Updated continuously. ..

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 26 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 31 July 2013 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1531 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Ballantine, D. & Smith, F.M. (1973). Observations on blooms of the dinoflagellate Gyrodinium aureolum Hulburt in the River Conwy and its occurrence along the North Wales Coast. British Phycological Journal 8: 233-238, 6 figs, 1 table.
Gentien, P. & Arzul, G. (1990). Exotoxin production by Gyrodinium cf. aureolum (Dinophyceae). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 70: 571-581.
Hansen, G., Daugbjerg, N. & Henriksen, P. (2000). Comparitive study of Gymnodinium mikimotoi and Gymnodinium aureolum comb. nov. (=Gyrodinium aureolum) based on morphology, pigment composition and molecular data. Journal of Phycology 36: 394-410.
Johnsen, G. & Sakshaug, E. (1993). Bio-optical characteristics and photoadaptive responses in the toxic and bloom-forming dinoflagellates Gyrodinium aureolum, Gymnodinium galatheanum, and two strains of Prorocentrum minimum. Journal of Phycology 29: 627 -642, 8 figs, 5 tables.
Ottway, B., Parker, M., McGrath, D. & Crowley, M. (1979). Observations on a bloom of Gyrodinium aureolum Hulbert on the south coast of Ireland, summer 1976, associated with mortalities of littoral and sub-littoral organisms. Irish Fisheries Investigations. Series B (marine) : 3-9.
Partensky, F., Vaulot, D., Couté, A. & Sournia, A. (1988). Morphological and nuclear analysis of the bloom-forming dinoflagellates Gyrodinium cf. aureolum and Gymnodinium nagasakiense. Journal of Phycology 24: 408-415, 15 figs, 2 tables.
Richardson, K. & Bagge, E. (1986). Vertical distribution and growth of Gyrodinium aureolum under varying turbulence regimes in an artificial water column. British Phycological Journal 21: 336.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=43955

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 November 2019.

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