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Gracilaria cliftonii Withell, A.J.K.Millar & Kraft 1994

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gracilariales
Family Gracilariaceae
Subfamily Gracilarioideae
Tribe Gracilarieae
Genus Gracilaria


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Gracilaria cliftonii Withell, A.J.K.Millar & Kraft
Cape Peron, Western Australia. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Gracilaria cliftonii Withell, A.J.K.Millar & Kraft
Map Reef, near Yanchep, Western Australia.. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).


Gracilaria cliftonii Withell, A.J.K.Millar & Kraft Map Reef, near Yanchep, Western Australia.
© John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au)

Publication details
Gracilaria cliftonii Withell, A.J.K.Millar & Kraft 1994: 285, figs. 4A-C,E,G, 5A-C,H

Published in: Withell, A.F., Millar, A.J.K. & Kraft, G.T. (1994). Taxonomic studies of the genus Gracilaria (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) from Australia. Australian Systematic Botany 7: 281-352, 24 figs.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gracilaria is Gracilaria compressa (C.Agardh) Greville.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Swan River at Fremantle (Byrne et al. 2002: 304). Lectotype: Clifton; TCD (Withell, Millar & Kraft 1994: 285). Notes: Lectotype: TCD, Herb. Harvey Alg. Aust Exsicc. no. 323-a.

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Gracilaria furcellata J.Agardh 1876
Gracilaria ramulosa J.Agardh 1876
Ceramianthemum furcellatum Kuntze 1891
Ceramianthemum ramulosum Kuntze 1891
Gracilaria furcellata f. ramulosa May 1948

Taxonomic notes
Acccording to Silva et al. (1996: 159), the name Gracilaria furcellata has been misapplied to this species by Harvey (1963: xxxiv, pl. CCLXXXVI); the name Gracilaria confervoides has been misapplied to this species by Harvey (1863: xxxiv) and the name Gracilaria fruticosa has been misapplied to this species by Harvey (1855b: 551 (in part, excluding type) and Harvey (1863: xxxiv (in part, excluding type))

Womersley (1996: 18) cites G. cliftonii Withell , Millar & Kraft 1994 as a synonym of G. ramulosa. He considers that the renaming of G. furcellata was unnecessary in view of the variation in habit which encompasses G. ramulosa J. Agardh. According to Silva et al. (1996:159), G. ramulosa J. Agardh is a later homonym, being antedated by G. ramulosa (Martius) Greville. Gracilaria ramullosa (Martius) Greville 1833; some doubt about citation of basionym (Shaerococcus ramullosus) Martius 1828 (Index Nominum Algarum). - (20 Feb 2009) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Byrne, K., Zuccarello, G.C., West, J., Liao, M.-L. & Kraft, G.T. (2002). Gracilaria species (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta) from southeastern Australia, including a new species, Gracilaria perplexa sp. nov.: Morphology, molecular relationships and agar content. Phycological Research 50(4): 295-312.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1996). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIB - Gracilariales, Rhodymeniales, Corallinales and Bonnemaisoniales. pp. [1]-392, 160 figs. Canberra & Adelaide: Australian Biological Resources Study with assistance from the State Herbarium of South Australia.

Zuccarello, G.C., Moon, D. & Goff, L.J. (2004). A phylogenetic study of parasitic genera placed in the family Choreocolacaceae (Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 40: 937-945, 2 figs, 2 tables.

Created: 04 April 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 16 January 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2643 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 September 2021.

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