159,656 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,560 images, 62,370 bibliographic items, 465,338 distributional records.

Byssus aurea Linnaeus 1753

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Trentepohliales
Family Trentepohliaceae
Genus Byssus

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Byssus aurea Linnaeus
Cornwall, England. Ian McClenaghan. © Ian McClenaghan.

Byssus aurea Linnaeus
Claddagh Quay, Galway City, Ireland; on old concrete wall. 24 Apr 2005. Fabio Rindi. © Fabio Rindi (f.rindi@univpm.it).

Byssus aurea Linnaeus
Claddagh, Galway, Ireland; on seaside wall. 05 Jun 2005. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Byssus aurea Linnaeus
Claddagh, Co. Galway, Ireland; on a moss growing on a north-facing wall.. 06 Apr 2009. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Byssus aurea Linnaeus
Claddagh, Co. Galway, Ireland; on a moss growing on a north-facing wall.. 06 Apr 2009. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Byssus aurea Linnaeus
Idenfied and isolated in culture by Fabio Rindi from material collected at Claddagh Quay, Galway City, Ireland, in July 2000. Growing on agarized Jaworski's Medium. Fabio Rindi. © Fabio Rindi (f.rindi@univpm.it).

 

Trentepohlia aurea (Linnaeus) C.Martius Claddagh, Co. Galway, Ireland; on a moss growing on a north-facing wall.
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Byssus aurea Linnaeus 1753: 1168

Published in: Linnaeus, C. (1753). Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Vol. 2 pp. [i], 561-1200, [1-30, index], [i, err.]. Holmiae [Stockholm]: Impensis Laurentii Salvii.
 Download PDF

Publication date: 1 May 1753

Original description:  Download PDF

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Byssus is Byssus jolithus Linnaeus.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Trentepohlia aurea (Linnaeus) C.Martius

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), golden.

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Taxonomic notes
Ross & Irvine (1967) note: "There is again no evidence that this species was seen live by Linnaeus. Byssus aurea is based on "Byssus capillacea pulverulenta ..." of Gleditsch (Meth. Fung. p. 18. 1753). The typotype is apparently lost, but there is every reason to suppose that the name is correctly applied to Trentepohlia aurea (L.) Mart. as currently understood (see, for example, Printz in Nyt Mag. Naturvid. 80: 153. 1940)." - (1 Jan 2010) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a aerophytic species.

Type information
Type locality: Wales: Caenarvon; Italy (Index Nominum Algarum). Type: Dillenius (1742: pl. 1: fig. 16): OXF (Index Nominum Algarum Notes: LT fide L.M. Irvine in M.A. Spencer et al., 2009: 240 (INA). There is no evidence that this species was seen live by Linnaeus. Byssus aurea is based on “Byssus capillacea pulverulenta..” of Gleditsch (Meth. Fung., p. 18, 1753). The topotype is apparently lost, but there is every reason to suppose that the name is correctly applied to Trentepohlia aurea (Linnaeus) Martius as currently understood (Ross & Irvine, 1967).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Martius, C.F.P. von (1817). Flora cryptogamica erlangensis sistens vegetabilia e classe ultima Linn. in agro erlangesi hucusque detecta.... pp. [i]-lxviii , [1-2, h. t. and motto], 1-512, 6 folded plates. Norimbergae [Nürnberg]: sumptibus J. L. Schrag.

Key references
Dillenius, J.J. (1742). Historia muscorum. . Oxford.

Printz, H. (1939). Vorarbeiten zu einer Monographie der Trentepohliaceen. Nytt Magasin for Naturvitenskapene 80: 10-209, 31 figs.

Ross, R. & Irvine, L.M. (1967). The typification of the genus Byssus L. (1753). Taxon 16: 184-186.

Spencer, M.A., Irvine, L.M. & Jarvis, C.E. (2009). Typification of Linnaean names relevant to algal nomenclature. Taxon 58: 237-260.

Created: 02 May 2002 by Fabio Rindi

Verified by: 20 March 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 756 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=51992

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 29 November 2020.

SITE © 1996 - 2020 M.D. Guiry. All rights reserved.

Website Design : 249 Design Studio