Byssus jolithus 1753
Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth Northern flank of Cross Fell, Cumbria, England, U.K.; growing on carboniferous gritstone at 840 m above sea level. Collected by Jeremy Roberts and identified by Fabio Rindi
© Fabio Rindi (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Byssus jolithus Linnaeus 1753: 1169 (as 'Jolithus' )
Published in: Linnaeus, C. (1753). Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera
relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Vol. 2 pp. [i], 561-1200, [1-30, index], [i, err.]. Holmiae [Stockholm]: Impensis Laurentii Salvii.
Publication date: 1 May 1753
Original description: Download PDF
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Byssus.
Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.
Ross & Irvine (1967) note: "Linnaeus cites references to his Flora Lapponica and Flora Suecica under this species, but the only specimen in his Herbarium [no. 1278. 11b] is labelled by Ehrhart and therefore was not present in 1753. The name is currently applied to a species of Trentepohlia (T. jolithus (L.) Wallr.) and there is no reason to suppose that this is incorrect. See Spencer et al. (2009: 240). - (1 Jan 2010) - M.D. Guiry
The specific epithet is something of a mystery: Linnaeus used a capital "J" and so one can assume that it a noun, and thus indeclinable. The "jo-" [normally "io-"] may refer to violets, of which the species is said to smell, a "lithus" to rocks or stones. - (17 Apr 2016) - M.D. Guiry
This is a terrestrial species.
Type locality: "Habitat in Europaea frigidae sylvis opacis, supra saxa ante unum alterumve annum eversa et supinata." [Lives in the European cold dark woods, over rocks in front of one or two years cut and supine (?)] (Koeman 1985: 1159). Type: LINN 1278.11b Notes: Linnaeus cites references to his Flora Lapponica and Flora Suecica under this species, but the only specimen in his Herbarium [no. 1278. 11b] is labelled by Ehrhart and therefore was not present in 1753. The name is currently applied to Trentepohlia iolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth and there is no reason to suppose that it is incorrect (Ross & Irvine, 1967). http://www.linnean-online.org/13812/
John, D.M. (2002). Order Trentepohliales. In: The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 475-479. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Printz, H. (1939). Vorarbeiten zu einer Monographie der Trentepohliaceen. Nytt Magasin for Naturvitenskapene 80: 10-209, 31 figs.
Ross, R. & Irvine, L.M. (1967). The typification of the genus Byssus L. (1753). Taxon 16: 184-186.
Spencer, M.A., Irvine, L.M. & Jarvis, C.E. (2009). Typification of Linnaean names relevant to algal nomenclature. Taxon 58: 237-260.
Created: 15 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 29 December 2017 by M.D. Guiry
Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1169 times since it was created.
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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 November 2020.