159,611 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,560 images, 62,345 bibliographic items, 464,968 distributional records.

Byssus jolithus Linnaeus 1753

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Trentepohliales
Family Trentepohliaceae
Genus Byssus

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Byssus jolithus Linnaeus
01 Jan 2011. Anders Langangen.

Byssus jolithus Linnaeus
Wall at Westside Shopping Centre, Galway; Below, this is a south-west-facing wall beside a shopping centre in Galway. It's covered with lichens and Trentepohlia iolithus (the red). Some genius has stencilled an advertisement for the local Subway onto the. 02 Jan 2011. M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Byssus jolithus Linnaeus
National University of Ireland Quadrangle Building, Galway, Ireland; on concrete wall. 01 Apr 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Byssus jolithus Linnaeus
National University of Ireland Quadrangle Building, Galway, Ireland; on concrete. 01 Apr 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Byssus jolithus Linnaeus
National University of Ireland Grounds, Galway, Ireland; on concrete wall with lichens. 01 Apr 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Byssus jolithus Linnaeus
National University of Ireland Grounds, Galway, Ireland; on concrete wall. 01 Apr 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Byssus jolithus Linnaeus
Cruachan Park, Galway, Ireland; pebble-dash wall. 01 Apr 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Byssus jolithus Linnaeus
Cong Abbey, Cong, Co. Galway, Ireland; on a limestone effigy of Rory O'Connor [Ruaidri Ua Conchobair (1116?-1198)], last High King of Ireland, who died at Cong, but who is buried at Clonmacnoise. 17 Apr 2006. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Byssus jolithus Linnaeus
Furniture factory, Rahoon, Galway, Ireland; streaks on plastered wall. 01 Jan 2006. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Byssus jolithus Linnaeus
Furniture factory, Rahoon, Galway, Ireland; streaks on plasterwork. 01 Jan 2006. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

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17 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth Northern flank of Cross Fell, Cumbria, England, U.K.; growing on carboniferous gritstone at 840 m above sea level. Collected by Jeremy Roberts and identified by Fabio Rindi
© Fabio Rindi (f.rindi@univpm.it)

Publication details
Byssus jolithus Linnaeus 1753: 1169 (as 'Jolithus' )

Published in: Linnaeus, C. (1753). Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Vol. 2 pp. [i], 561-1200, [1-30, index], [i, err.]. Holmiae [Stockholm]: Impensis Laurentii Salvii.
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Publication date: 1 May 1753

Original description:  Download PDF

Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Byssus.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
Ross & Irvine (1967) note: "Linnaeus cites references to his Flora Lapponica and Flora Suecica under this species, but the only specimen in his Herbarium [no. 1278. 11b] is labelled by Ehrhart and therefore was not present in 1753. The name is currently applied to a species of Trentepohlia (T. jolithus (L.) Wallr.) and there is no reason to suppose that this is incorrect. See Spencer et al. (2009: 240). - (1 Jan 2010) - M.D. Guiry

The specific epithet is something of a mystery: Linnaeus used a capital "J" and so one can assume that it a noun, and thus indeclinable. The "jo-" [normally "io-"] may refer to violets, of which the species is said to smell, a "lithus" to rocks or stones. - (17 Apr 2016) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a terrestrial species.

Type information
Type locality: "Habitat in Europaea frigidae sylvis opacis, supra saxa ante unum alterumve annum eversa et supinata." [Lives in the European cold dark woods, over rocks in front of one or two years cut and supine (?)] (Koeman 1985: 1159). Type: LINN 1278.11b Notes: Linnaeus cites references to his Flora Lapponica and Flora Suecica under this species, but the only specimen in his Herbarium [no. 1278. 11b] is labelled by Ehrhart and therefore was not present in 1753. The name is currently applied to Trentepohlia iolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth and there is no reason to suppose that it is incorrect (Ross & Irvine, 1967). http://www.linnean-online.org/13812/

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
John, D.M. (2002). Order Trentepohliales. In: The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 475-479. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Printz, H. (1939). Vorarbeiten zu einer Monographie der Trentepohliaceen. Nytt Magasin for Naturvitenskapene 80: 10-209, 31 figs.

Ross, R. & Irvine, L.M. (1967). The typification of the genus Byssus L. (1753). Taxon 16: 184-186.

Spencer, M.A., Irvine, L.M. & Jarvis, C.E. (2009). Typification of Linnaean names relevant to algal nomenclature. Taxon 58: 237-260.

Created: 15 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 29 December 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1169 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=52901

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 November 2020.

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