Trentepohlia jolithus ( ) Wallroth 1833
Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth Northern flank of Cross Fell, Cumbria, England, U.K.; growing on carboniferous gritstone at 840 m above sea level. Collected by Jeremy Roberts and identified by Fabio Rindi
© Fabio Rindi (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Trentepohlia jolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth 1833: 151 (as 'Jolithus' )
Published in: Wallroth, F.G. (1833). Flora Cryptogamica Germaniae 2 Algas et fungos. pp. [i]-lvi, 1-923. Norimbergae [Nüremberg]: Schragius [J.L. Schrag].
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Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Byssus jolithus Linnaeus
Type locality: "Habitat in Europaea frigidae sylvis opacis, supra saxa ante unum alterumve annum eversa et supinata." [Lives in the European cold dark woods, over rocks in front of one or two years cut and supine (?)] (Koeman 1985: 1159). Type: LINN 1278.11b Notes: Linnaeus cites references to his Flora Lapponica and Flora Suecica under this species, but the only specimen in his Herbarium [no. 1278. 11b] is labelled by Ehrhart and therefore was not present in 1753. The name is currently applied to Trentepohlia iolithus (Linnaeus) Wallroth and there is no reason to suppose that it is incorrect (Ross & Irvine, 1967). http://www.linnean-online.org/13812/
Olivia violacea S.F.Gray 1821
Chroolepus rupestrsis (Nees von Esenbeck) Kützing 1843
Chroolepus hercynicus Kützing 1843
Chroolepus koerberi Flotow 1850
Trentepohlia koerberi (Flotow) De Toni 1889
Annals of Botany, Vol. 1 XVII. On the Red Byssus (Byssus Jolithus Linn.). From the German* of the Rev. Mr. Starke. Though Linnaeus in his Flora Lapponica, and afterwards in several other writings, classes this vegetable with the Byssi pulverulenti; yet, in his Flora Lapponica, and in the Species Plantarum, he quotes as synonyms the Byssus germanica minima saxatilis aurea, violas martice odoremspirans, (Michel. Nov, Gen. Plant, p. 210. tab. 89. f. 3.) together with the Jolithus Schtuenkfeldi. But Micheli has described and figured his plant as filamentous; and Byssus Jolithus Schwenkfeldi, which is frequently met with on mountains of Germany, as also that which is found in the Ilartz, belong to the Byssi filamentosi: it is therefore rather surprising that Linnaeus, and other botanists after him, arrange the Jolithus with the B. pulverulenti. Dr. Roth in his excellent and highly instructive Flora Germanica (tom. iii. pars l. p. 564.) gives it as his opinion, that either Linnaeus, for want of a more minute examination, had overlooked the filamentous structure of his B. Jolithus, or that the moss, the specific name of which he derived from its violet smell, may be a different species from the German one and from Mieheli's plant; perhaps Lepra odorata of Wiggers. The former supposition appears improbable to me, from the following reasons: 1. The filamentous structure of our German species is * Schrader's Journ. für die Botanik. Hr. Band p. 340. - (23 Aug 2009) - M.D. Guiry
Associated with cold and humid conditions, occurring mainly at low altitudes in northern and central Europe and in mountainous areas in southern Europe. Most common on rocks, mainly siliceous, less frequently calcareous; frequent on concrete walls in parts of the continent with moist and rainy climates. It forms large red carpets on rocks in dense forests, particularly in northern Europe; it may also produce large patches on boulders besides cold streams. In western Ireland it is very common on concrete walls both bare and painted, where it forms dark red streaks, and is considered a pest. On new motorways in the midlands and west of Ireland, the concrete central reservation and bridges quickly developed an almost continuous covering. This later became a mixed community of lichens and algae. - (24 Aug 2011) - M.D. Guiry
This is a terrestrial species.
Burova, O.V., Tsarenko, P.M., Kovalenko, O.V., Mikhailyuk, T.I., Petlovany, O.A., Lilitska, G.G. & Bilous, O.P. (2011). Ulvophyceae. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 3: Chlorophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 20-61. Ruggell: A.R.A. Gantner Verlag K.-G.
Hariot, P. (1889). Notes sur le genre Trentepohlia Martius. Journal de Botanique [Morot] 3: 345-350, 366-375, 378-388, 393-405, pl. VII.
Hu, H. & Wei, Y. (2006). The freshwater algae of China. Systematics, taxonomy and ecology. pp. [4 pls of 16 figs], [i-iv], i-xv, 1-1023. China: www.sciencep.com.
John, D.M. (2002). Order Trentepohliales. In: The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 475-479. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Klimesová, M., Rindi, F. & Skaloud, P. (2019). DNA cloning demonstrates high genetic heterogeneity in populations of the subaerial green alga Trentepohlia (Trentepohliales, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 55(1): 224-235.
Li Shanghao (S.H.Ley) & Bi Liejue [Li, S.H. & Bi, L.J.] (1999). Flora algarum sinicarum aquae dulcis. Tomus V Ulothrichales Ulvales Chaetophorales Trentepohliales Sphaeropleales. pp. [i-ix], i-viii, 1-136, 54 pls [I-LIV]. Beijing: Science Press.
Prescott, G.W. (1962). Algae of the Western Great Lakes area. With an illustrated key to the genera of desmids and freshwater diatoms. Revised [Second] edition. pp. [i]-xiii, 1-977. Dubuque, Iowa: Wm. C. Brown Company Publishers 135 South Locust Street.
Printz, H. (1939). Vorarbeiten zu einer Monographie der Trentepohliaceen. Nytt Magasin for Naturvitenskapene 80: 10-209, 31 figs.
Rindi, F. & López-Bautista, J.M. (2008). Diversity and ecology of Trentepohliales (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta) in French Guiana. Cryptogamie, Algologie 29(1): 13-43.
Zhu, H., Hu, Z.Y. & Liu, G.X. (2017). Morphology and molecular phylogeny of Trentepohiales (Chlorophyta) from China. European Journal of Phycology 52(3): 330-341.
Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 27 August 2019 by M.D. Guiry
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Aboal, M., Egidos, A.I., Marín, J.P. & Asencio, A.D. (2002). Trentepohlia jolithus (L.) Wallroth 1833 (Chlorophyta, Ulvophyceae) in subaerial habitats from southeastern Spain. Algological Studies 107: 153-162.
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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 November 2020.