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Dinophysis acuminata Claparède & Lachmann

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Dinophysales
Family Dinophysaceae
Genus Dinophysis


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Dinophysis acuminata Claparède & Lachmann
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Manitou Beach, Lugol's, 400x, DIC. 12 Mar 2011. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun.

Dinophysis acuminata Claparède & Lachmann
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Manitou Beach, Lugol's, 1000x, PC. 12 Mar 2011. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun.

Dinophysis acuminata Claparède & Lachmann
Poulsbo, Washington, USA; Liberty Bay Marina, 400x, DIC. 30 May 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Dinophysis acuminata Claparède & Lachmann
The characteristics of this genus such as the high girdle with lists giving the form of a collar, the flattened cell with the sulcus running down the right hand edge of the picture, also with a list giving the form of a sail, make it relatively easy to id. © Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie).

Dinophysis acuminata Claparède & Lachmann
Live cell.. © Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie).


Spermothamnion turneri var. repens (Dillwyn) Areschoug

Dinophysis acuminata Claparède & Lachmann Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Manitou Beach, Lugol's, 1000x, PC
© Karl Bruun

Publication details
Dinophysis acuminata Claparède & Lachmann 1859: 408, pl. 20: fig. 17

Published in: Claparède, É. & Lachmann, J. (1859). Études sur les infusoires et les rhizopodes. Mémoires de l'Institut National Genevois 6: 261-482.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Dinophysis is Dinophysis acuta Ehrenberg.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Participle A (Latin), acuminate, i.e. tapering gradually or abruptly from inwardly curved sides into a narrow point (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Dinophysis ellipsoides Kofoid 1907
Dinophysis lachmannii Paulsen 1949
Dinophysis skagii Paulsen 1949
Dinophysis borealis Paulsen 1949
Dinophysis boehmii Paulsen 1949
Dinophysis lachmanii Solum 1962
Dinophysis acuminata f. lachmannii (Paulsen) Balech 1976
Dinophysis acuminata var. lachmannii (Paulsen) Balech 1988

Usage notes
Faust & Gulledge (2002:24) notes this species has been found to produce okadaic acid causing diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP). Please consult original reference for further details. Harmful species

Very toxic (Ignatiades 2012). - (12 Jun 2012) - Wendy Guiry

Presence of relatively low-toxicity phenotypes in the northwestern Atlantic (Tong et al., 2015). - (17 Apr 2015) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: North Sea: Norway (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 24). Holotype: (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 24). Notes: North Sea, near Glesnaes, Norway (INA).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Edvardsen, B., Shalchian-Tabrizi, K., Jakobsen, K.S., Medlin, L.K., Dahl, E., Brubak & Paasche, E. (2003). Genetic variability and molecular phylogeny of Dinophysis species (Dinophyceae) from Norwegian waters inferred from single cell analyses of rDNA. Journal of Phycology 39: 395-408.

Faust, M.A. & Gulledge, R.A. (2002). Identifying harmful marine dinoflagellates. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 42: 1-144.

Gómez, F., López-García, P. & Moreira, D. (2011). Molecular phylogeny of dinophysoid dinoflagellates: the systematic position of Oxyphysis oxytoxoides and the Dinophysis hastata group (Dinophysales, Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 47(2): 393-406.

Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.

Handy, S.M., Bachvaroff, T.R., Timme, R.E., Coats, D.W., Kim, S. & Delwiche, C.F. (2009). Phylogeny of four dinophysiacean genera (Dinophyceae, Dinophysiales) based on rDNA sequences from single cells and environmental samples. Journal of Phycology 45(5): 1163-1174.

Hastrup Jensen, M. & Daugbjerg, N. (2009). Molecular phylogeny of selected species of the order Dinophysiales (Dinophyceae) - testing the hypothesis of a dinophysioid radiation. Journal of Phycology 45(5): 1136-1152.

Janson, S. & Granéli, E. (2003). Genetic analysis of the psbA gene from single cells indicates a cryptomonad origin of the plastid in Dinophysis (Dinophyceae). Phycologia 42: 473-477.

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). Ed by P.M.Tsarenko. pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Schiller, J. (1931). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Dr. L. Rabenhosrst's Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 2. Aufl. 10. Bd 3. Abt. 1 Teil. (Kolkwitz, R. Eds), pp. 1-256. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H.

Skuja, H. (1934). Beitrag zur Algenflora Lettlands. I. Acta Horti Botanici Universitatis Latviensis 7: 25-85, 119 figs.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 07 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 01 November 2019 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 7430 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

García-Portela, M., Riobó, P., Reguera, B., Garrido, J.L., Blanco, J. & Rodríguez, F. (2018). Comparative ecophysiology of Dinophysis acuminata and D. acuta (Dinophyceae, Dinophysiales): effect of light intensity and quality on growth, cellular toxin content, and photosynthesis. Journal of Phycology 54(6): 899-917.
Hewes, C.D., Mitchell, B.G., Moisan, T.A., Vernet, M. & Reid, F.M.H. (1998). The phycobilin signatures of chloroplasts from three dinoflagellate species: a microanalytical study of Dinophysis caudata, D. fortii and D. acuminata (Dinophysiales, Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 34: 945-951, 3 figs.
Imai, I. & Nishitani, G. (2001 '2000'). Attachment of picophytoplankton to the cell surface of the toxic dinoflagellates Dinophysis acuminata and D. fortii (Research Note). Phycologia 39: 456-459.
Jacobson, D.M. & Andersen, R.A. (1994). The discovery of mixotrophy in photosynthetic species of Dinophysis (Dinophyceae): light and electron microscopical observations of food vacuoles in Dinophysis acuminata, D. norvegica and two heterotrophic dinophysoid dinoflagellates. Phycologia 33: 97-110, 52 figs.
Nagai, S., Suzuki, T., Nishikawa, T. & Kamiyama, T. (2011). Differences in the production and excretion kinetics of okadaic acid, dinophysistoxin-1, and pectenotoxin-2 between cultures of Dinophysis acuminata and Dinophysis fortii isolated from western Japan. Journal of Phycology 47(6): 1326-1337.
Tong, M., Smith, J.L., Richlen, M., Steidinger, K.A., Kulis, D.M., Fux, E. & Anderson, D.M. (2015). Characterization and comparison of toxin-producing isolates of Dinophysis acuminata from New England and Canada. Journal of Phycology 51(1): 66-81.
Velo-Suárez, L. & Gutierrez-Estrada, J.C. (2007). Artificial neural network approaches to one-step weekly prediction of Dinophysis acuminata blooms in Huelva (Western Andalucía, Spain). Harmful Algae 6: 361-371.
Velo-Suárez, L., González-Gil, S., Gentien, P., Lunven, M., Bechemin, C., Fernand, L., Raine, R. & Reguera, B. (2008). Thin layers of Pseudo-nitzschia spp. and the fate of Dinophysis acuminata upwelling-downwelling cycle in a Galician Ría. Limnol. Oceanogr. 53(5): 1816-1834.
Vesk, M., Dibbayawan, T.P. & Vesk, P.A. (1996). Reserch Note : Immunogold localization of phycoerythrin in chloroplasts of Dinophysis acuminata and D. fortii (Dinophysiales, Dinophyta). Phycologia 35: 234-238, 8 figs.
Zingone, A., Montresor, M. & Marino, D. (1998). Morphological variability of the potentially toxic dinoflagellate Dinophysis sacculus (Dinophyceae) and its taxonomic relationships with D. pavillardii and D. acuminata. European Journal of Phycology 33: 259-273, 62 figs, 3 tables.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 29 February 2020.

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