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Dinophysis norvegica Claparède & Lachmann 1859

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Dinophysales
Family Dinophysaceae
Genus Dinophysis

Pictures

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Dinophysis norvegica Claparède & Lachmann
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, 400x, DIC, Palmer-Maloney. 13 Apr 2013. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun.

Dinophysis norvegica Claparède & Lachmann
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, 400x, DIC, Palmer-Maloney. 13 Apr 2013. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun.

Dinophysis norvegica Claparède & Lachmann
Silverdale, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, Lugol's, 1000x, DIC. 30 May 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Dinophysis norvegica Claparède & Lachmann
Silverdale, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, Lugol's, 400x, DIC. 30 May 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Dinophysis norvegica Claparède & Lachmann
Silverdale, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, 400x, DIC. 30 May 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

 

Dinophysis norvegica Claparède & Lachmann Silverdale, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, 400x, DIC
© Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net)

Publication details
Dinophysis norvegica Claparède & Lachmann 1859: 407, pl. 20: fig. 19

Published in: Claparède, É. & Lachmann, J. (1859). Études sur les infusoires et les rhizopodes. Mémoires de l'Institut National Genevois 6: 261-482.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Dinophysis is Dinophysis acuta Ehrenberg.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), of or pertaining to Norway.

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Dinophysis norvegica var. debilior Paulsen 1907
Dinophysis debilior Paulsen 1949

Usage notes
Faust & Gulledge (2002: 11) notes this species is a known toxin producer associated with diarrhetic shellfish poisoning. Please consult original reference for further details. Harmful species

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: North Sea: Fjord of Bergen, Glesnesholm, Norway (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 30). Holotype: (Faust & Gulledge 2002: 30). Notes: Fjord of Bergen, or near Glesneasholm (near Sartoröe) (INA).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Dodge, J.D. (1985). Atlas of dinoflagellates. A scanning electron microscope survey. pp. [i]-vii, [1]-119. Farrand Press.

Edvardsen, B., Shalchian-Tabrizi, K., Jakobsen, K.S., Medlin, L.K., Dahl, E., Brubak & Paasche, E. (2003). Genetic variability and molecular phylogeny of Dinophysis species (Dinophyceae) from Norwegian waters inferred from single cell analyses of rDNA. Journal of Phycology 39: 395-408.

Gómez, F., López-García, P. & Moreira, D. (2011). Molecular phylogeny of dinophysoid dinoflagellates: the systematic position of Oxyphysis oxytoxoides and the Dinophysis hastata group (Dinophysales, Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 47(2): 393-406.

Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.

Handy, S.M., Bachvaroff, T.R., Timme, R.E., Coats, D.W., Kim, S. & Delwiche, C.F. (2009). Phylogeny of four dinophysiacean genera (Dinophyceae, Dinophysiales) based on rDNA sequences from single cells and environmental samples. Journal of Phycology 45(5): 1163-1174.

Hastrup Jensen, M. & Daugbjerg, N. (2009). Molecular phylogeny of selected species of the order Dinophysiales (Dinophyceae) - testing the hypothesis of a dinophysioid radiation. Journal of Phycology 45(5): 1136-1152.

Janson, S. & Granéli, E. (2003). Genetic analysis of the psbA gene from single cells indicates a cryptomonad origin of the plastid in Dinophysis (Dinophyceae). Phycologia 42: 473-477.

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). Ed by P.M.Tsarenko. pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Lindberg, K., Moestrup, Ø & Daugbjerg, N. (2005). Studies on woloszynskioid dinoflagellates I: Woloszynskia coronata re-examined using light and electron microscopy and partial LSU rDNA sequences, with description of Tovellia gen. nov. and Jadwigia gen. nov. (Tovelliaceae fam. nov.). Phycologia 44: 416-440.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Paulsen O. (1907). The Peridiniales of the Danish waters. Meddelelser fra Kommissionen for Havundersøgelser Serie: Plankton 1(5): 1-26, 33 figs.

Schiller, J. (1931). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Dr. L. Rabenhosrst's Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 2. Aufl. 10. Bd 3. Abt. 1 Teil. (Kolkwitz, R. Eds), pp. 1-256. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H.

Skuja, H. (1934 '1933'). Beitrag zur Algenflora Lettlands. I. Acta Horti Botanici Universitatis Latviensis 7: 25-85, 119 figs.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Wolny, J.L., Egerton, T.A., Handy, S.M., Stutts, W.L., Smith, J.L., Whereat, E.B., Bachvaroff, T.R., Henrichs, D.W., Campbell, L. & Deeds, J.R. (2020). Characterization of Dinophysis spp. (Dinophyceae, Dinophysales) from the mid-Atlantic region of the United Statees. Journal of Phycology 2020(2): 404-434.

Created: 07 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 26 June 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2308 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Carpenter, E.J., Janson, S., Boje, R., Pollehne, F. & Chang, J. (1995). The dinoflagellate Dinophysis norvegica : biological and ecological observations in the Baltic Sea. European Journal of Phycology 30: 1-9, 12 figs, 1 table.
Geider, R.J. & Gunter, P.A. (1989). Evidence for the presence of a phycoerythrin in Dinophysis norvegica, a pink dinoflagellate. British Phycological Journal 24: 195-198.
Hansen, G. (1993). Dimorphic individuals of Dinophysis acuta and D. norvegica (Dinophyceae) from Danish waters. Phycologia 32: 73-75, 11 figs.
Jacobson, D.M. & Andersen, R.A. (1994). The discovery of mixotrophy in photosynthetic species of Dinophysis (Dinophyceae): light and electron microscopical observations of food vacuoles in Dinophysis acuminata, D. norvegica and two heterotrophic dinophysoid dinoflagellates. Phycologia 33: 97-110, 52 figs.
Meyer-Harms, B. & Pollehne, F. (1998). Alloxanthin in dinophysis Norvegica (Dinophysiales, Dinophyceae) from the Baltic Sea. Journal of Phycology 34: 280-285, 3 figs, 2 tables.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 25 October 2020.

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