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Gonyaulax digitale (Pouchet) Kofoid 1911

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gonyaulacales
Family Gonyaulacaceae
Genus Gonyaulax

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Gonyaulax digitale (Pouchet) Kofoid
This genus contains species which have a very thick, armoured theca. The girdle is conspicuously offset.. © Robin Raine (Robin.Raine@nuigalway.ie).

 

Publication details
Gonyaulax digitale (Pouchet) Kofoid 1911: 214, pl. 9: figs 1-5

Published in: Kofoid, C.A (1911). Dinoflagellata of the San Diego Region, IV. The genus Gonyaulax with notes on the skeletal morphology. University of California Publications in Zoology 8(4): 187-287, pls 9-17.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Gonyaulax is Gonyaulax spinifera (Claparède & Lachmann) Diesing.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Protoperidinium digitale Pouchet

Type information
Type locality: W. France: Concarneau (Finistère) (Index Nominum Algarum).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Protoperidinium digitale Pouchet 1883

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Hystrichosphaera bentorii Rossignol 1962
Spiniferites bentorii (Rossignoi) Wall & Dale 1970

Nomenclatural notes
See Mertens & al. (2018) for a discussion of the correct orthography for the epithet. While the name Gonyaulax is feminine, the epithet is a noun in opposition and retains its own gender. - (23 Jun 2021) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Dodge, J.D. (1989). Some revisions of the family Gonyaulacaceae (Dinophyceae) based on a scanning electron microscope study. Botanica Marina 32: 275-298, 42 figs, 2 tables.

Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Dodge, J.D. (1985). Atlas of dinoflagellates. A scanning electron microscope survey. pp. [i]-vii, [1]-119. Farrand Press.

Ellegaard, M., Daugbjerg, N., Rochon, A., Lewis, J. & Harding, I. (2003). Morphological and LSU rDNA sequence variation wihin the Gonyaulax spinifer-Spiniferites group (Dinophyceae) and proposal of G. elongata comb. nov. and G. membranacea comb. nov. Phycologia 42(2): 151-164, 54 figs, 4 tables.

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Lewis, J., Rochon, A., Ellegaard, M., Mudie, P.J. & Harding, I. (2001). The cyst-theca relationship of Bitectatodinium tepikiense (Dinophyceae). European Journal of Phycology 36: 137-146.

McMinn, A. & Scott, F.J. (2005). Dinoflagellates. In: Antarctic marine protists. (Scott, F.J. & Marchant, H.J. Eds), pp. 202-250. Canberra & Hobart: Australian Biological Resources Study; Australian Antarctic Division.

Mertens, K.N., Chomérat, N., Nézan, E. & Carbonell-Moore, M.C. (2018). The correct orthography for the epithet of Gonyaulax digitale, a common dinoflagellate in marine waters. Notulae Algarum 49: 1-3, no figs.

Odebrecht, C. (2010). Dinophyceae. In: Catálogo de plantas e fungos do Brasil. Vol. 1. (Forzza, R.C. Eds), pp. 366-383. Rio de Janeiro: Andrea Jakobsson Estúdio; Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Schiller, J. (1935). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Dr. L. Rabenhosrst's Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 2. Aufl. X. Band, 3. Abt. 2 Teil. ( Eds), pp. 1-320. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H..

Tomas, C.R., Eds (1996). Identifying marine diatoms and dinoflagellates. pp. 1-858. San Diego: Academic Press Inc.

Created: 07 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 23 June 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2346 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Amadi, I., Subba Rao, D.V. & Pan, Y. (1992). A Gonyaulax digitale red water bloom in the Bedford Basin, Nova Scotia, Canada. Botanica Marina 35: 451-455, 5 figs, 1 table.
Mertens, K.N., Chomérat, N., Nézan, E. & Carbonell-Moore, M.C. (2018). The correct orthography for the epithet of Gonyaulax digitale, a common dinoflagellate in marine waters. Notulae Algarum 49: 1-3, no figs.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 02 August 2021.

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