159,044 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,499 images, 61,691 bibliographic items, 462,690 distributional records.

Polykrikos schwartzii Bütschli 1873

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gymnodiniales
Family Gymnodiniaceae
Genus Polykrikos

Pictures

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Polykrikos schwartzii Bütschli
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, 400x, DIC, Palmer-Maloney. 13 Apr 2013. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun.

Polykrikos schwartzii Bütschli
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, 400x, DIC, Palmer-Maloney. 13 Apr 2013. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun.

Polykrikos schwartzii Bütschli
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, 400x, DIC, Palmer-Maloney. 13 Apr 2013. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun.

 

Ectocarpus pringsheimi var. simplex Reinke

Polykrikos schwartzii Bütschli Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, 400x, DIC, Palmer-Maloney
© Karl Bruun

Publication details
Polykrikos schwartzii Bütschli 1873: 673, pl. XXVI [26]: fig. 22 (as 'Schwartzi' )

Published in: Bütschli, O. (1873). Einiger über Infusorien. Archiv für Mikroscopie und Anatomie 9: 657-678, pls XXV, XXVI.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Polykrikos.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Polykrikos auricularia Bergh 1881

General environment
This is a brackish species.

Type information
Type locality: in den Fjorden bei Arendal an der Südküste von Norwegen; once in brackish water of Kieler Bucht (Index Nominum Algarum).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Bérard-Therriault, L., Poulin, M. & Bossé, L. (1999). Guide d'identification du phytoplancton marin de l'estuaire et du Golfe du Saint-Laurent incluant également certains protozoaires. Publication Spéciale Canadienne des Sciences Halieutiques et Aquatiques 128: 1-387.

Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). Ed by P.M.Tsarenko. pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

McMinn, A. & Scott, F.J. (2005). Dinoflagellates. In: Antarctic marine protists. (Scott, F.J. & Marchant, H.J. Eds), pp. 202-250. Canberra & Hobart: Australian Biological Resources Study; Australian Antarctic Division.

Nagai, S., Matsuyama, Y., Takayama, H. & Kotani, Y. (2002). Morphology of Polykrikos kofoidii and P. schwartzii (Dinophyceae, Polykrikaceae) cysts obtained in culture. Phycologia 41(4): 319-327.

Pankow, H. (1976). Algenflora der Ostsee. II. Plankton (einschliesslich benthischer Kieselalgen). pp. 1-493, 880 figs, 26 pls. Jena: Gustav Fischer.

Schiller, J. (1933). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae) in monographischer behandlung.. In: Dr. L. Rabenhosrst's Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 2. Aufl. 10. Bd 3. Abt. 1 Teil. (Kolkwitz, R. Eds), pp. 433-617. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 07 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 07 December 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1850 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Chatton, É. (1914). Les cnidocysts du Péridinien Polykrikos schwartzii Bütschli. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale 54: 157-194, pls IX, XVIII figs.
Kim, K.-Y., Iwataki, M. & Kim, C.-H. (2008). Molecular phylogenetic affiliations of Dissodinium pseudolunula, Pheopolykrikos hartmannii, Polykrikos cf. schwartzii and Polykrikos kofoidii to Gymnodinium sensu stricto species (Dinophyceae) (Research Note). Phycological Research 56(2): 89-92.
Nagai, S., Matsuyama, Y., Takayama, H. & Kotani, Y. (2002). Morphology of Polykrikos kofoidii and P. schwartzii (Dinophyceae, Polykrikaceae) cysts obtained in culture. Phycologia 41(4): 319-327.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 26 September 2020.

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