163,770 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,783 images, 63,043 bibliographic items, 481,350 distributional records.

Protoperidinium conicum (Gran) Balech 1974

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Peridiniales
Family Protoperidiniaceae
Genus Protoperidinium

Pictures

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Protoperidinium conicum (Gran) Balech
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, 400x, DIC, Palmer-Maloney. 13 Apr 2013. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun.

Protoperidinium conicum (Gran) Balech
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, 400x, DIC. 25 Jun 2011. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun.

Protoperidinium conicum (Gran) Balech
Poulsbo, Washington, USA; Liberty Bay Marina, 200x, phase contrast. 31 May 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Protoperidinium conicum (Gran) Balech
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, 400x, DIC. 14 Jun 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

Protoperidinium conicum (Gran) Balech
Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, 400x, DIC. 14 Jun 2009. Karl Bruun. © Karl Bruun (skogenman@earthlink.net).

 

Callithamnion crouaniorum Kützing

Protoperidinium conicum (Gran) Balech Bainbridge Island, Washington, USA; Waterfront Park, 400x, DIC
© Karl Bruun

Publication details
Protoperidinium conicum (Gran) Balech 1974: 58

Published in: Balech, E. (1974). El genero "Protoperidinium" Bergh, 1881 ("Peridinium" Ehrenberg, 1831, partim). Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia" Instituto Nacional de Investigación de las Ciencias Naturales, Hidrobiologia 4(1): 1-79.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Protoperidinium is Protoperidinium pellucidum Bergh.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Peridinium divergens var. conica Gran

Type information
Type locality: coast of Norway (Index Nominum Algarum).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), cone-shaped.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Peridinium divergens var. conica Gran 1900
Peridinium conicum (Gran) Ostenfeld & Schmidt 1901

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Multispinula quanta M.R.Bradford 1975
Selenopemphix quanta (M.R.Bradford) Matsuoka 1985

Nomenclatural notes
Paleontological name: Selenopemphix quanta (M.R. Bradford) Matsuoka (Balkis et al., 2016). - (16 Jun 2016) - Wendy Guiry

Taxonomic notes
Dodge (1982: 166) notes this species is of the sub-genus Protoperidinium, group Orthoperidinium and section Conica

Okolodkov (2005: 286) cites Peridinium conicum Gran, 1902: 189, fig. 14 as the basionym of Protoperidinium conicum (Gran) Balech, 1974. - (2 Oct 2006) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Balech, E. (1974). El genero "Protoperidinium" Bergh, 1881 ("Peridinium" Ehrenberg, 1831, partim). Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia" Instituto Nacional de Investigación de las Ciencias Naturales, Hidrobiologia 4(1): 1-79.

Balkis, N., Balci, M., Giannakourou, A., Venetsanopolou, A. & Mudie, P. (2016). Dinoflagellate resting cysts in recent marine sediments from the Gulf of Gemlik (Marmara Sea, Turkey) and seasonal harmful algal blooms. Phycologia 55(2): 187-209.

Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Dodge, J.D. (1985). Atlas of dinoflagellates. A scanning electron microscope survey. pp. [i]-vii, [1]-119. Farrand Press.

Gu, H., Liu, T. & Mertens, K.N. (2015). Cyst-theca relationship and phylogenetic positions of Protoperidinium (Peridiniales, Dinophyceae) species of the sections Conica and Tabulata, with description of Protoperidinium shanghaiense sp. nov.. Phycologia 54(1): 49-66, 75 fig., 3 tables.

Krakhmalny, A.F. [Krachmalny, A.F.] (2011). Dinophyta of Ukraine (illustrated book for identification). pp. [1]-442, 32 figs, 117 pls. Kiev: Alterpres. [in Russian]

Okolodkov, Y.B. (2005). Protoperidinium Bergh (Dinoflagellata) in the southeastern Mexian Pacific Ocean: part I. Botanica Marina 48: 284-296.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 07 May 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 31 August 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 3293 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 16 October 2021.

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