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Gonyaulax excavata (Braarud) Balech 1971

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gonyaulacales
Family Gonyaulacaceae
Genus Gonyaulax


Publication details
Gonyaulax excavata (Braarud) Balech 1971: 28, pl. 7: figs 119-124

Published in: Balech, E. (1971). Microplancton de la Campaña Oceanográfica Productividad III. Revista del Museo Argentino de Cienicas Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia" e Instituto Nacional de Investigacion de las Ciencias Naturales (Argentina). Hidrobiologia 3: 1-202, pls 1-12.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Gonyaulax is Gonyaulax spinifera (Claparède & Lachmann) Diesing.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Alexandrium tamarense (Lebour) Balech

Gonyaulax tamarensis var. excavata Braarud

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Key references
Dodge, J.D. (1982). Marine dinoflagellates of the British Isles. pp. 1-303, 35 figs, pls I-VIII. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Faust, M.A. & Gulledge, R.A. (2002). Identifying harmful marine dinoflagellates. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 42: 1-144.

McMinn, A. & Scott, F.J. (2005). Dinoflagellates. In: Antarctic marine protists. (Scott, F.J. & Marchant, H.J. Eds), pp. 202-250. Canberra & Hobart: Australian Biological Resources Study; Australian Antarctic Division.

Parke, M. & Dixon, P.S. (1976). Check-list of British marine algae - third revision. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 56: 527-594.

Created: 22 August 2002 by Olivia Fitzgerald

Verified by: 17 May 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1032 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Anderson, D.M. & Wall, D. (1978). Potential importance of benthic cysts of Gonyaulax tamarensis and G. excavata in initiating toxic dinoflagellate blooms. Journal of Phycology 14: 224-234.
Dale, B. (1977). Cysts of the toxic red-tide dinoflagellate Gonyaulax excavata (Braarud) Balech from Oslofjorden, Norway. Sarsia 63: 29-34.
Loeblich, L.A. & Loeblich, A.R., III (1975). The organism cuasing New England red tides: Gonyaulax excavata. Proc. Intn. Conf. Toxic Dinofl. Blooms 1: 207-224.
Schmidt, R.J., Gooch, V.D., Loeblich, A.R., III & Hastings, J.W. (1978). Comparative study of luminescent and nonluminescent strains of Gonyaulax excavata (Pyrrhophyta). Journal of Phycology 14: 5-9, 8 figs, 2 tables.
White, A.W. (1978). Salinity effects on growth and toxin content of Gonyaulax excavata, a marine dinoflagellate causing paralytic shellfish poisoning. Journal of Phycology 14: 475-479.
Yentsch, C.M., Lewis, C.M. & Yentsch, C.S. (1980). Biological resting in the dinoflagellate Gonyaulax excavata. Bioscience 30: 251-254.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=54702

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 02 August 2021.

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