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Sargassum polyphyllum J.Agardh 1848

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Fucales
Family Sargassaceae
Genus Sargassum


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Sargassum polyphyllum J.Agardh
Hawaii; with Sargassum echinocarpum to either aide; scale 10 mm. 15 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.


Polysiphonia forcipata J.Agardh

Sargassum polyphyllum J.Agardh Hawaii; with Sargassum echinocarpum to either aide; scale 10 mm
© J.M. Huisman

Publication details
Sargassum polyphyllum J.Agardh 1848: 308

Published in: Agardh, J.G. (1848). Species genera et ordines algarum, seu descriptiones succinctae specierum, generum et ordinum, quibus algarum regnum constituitur. Volumen Primum. Algas fucoideas complectens. pp. [i-vi], [i]-viii, [1]-363. Lundae [Lund]: C.W.K. Gleerup.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Sargassum is Sargassum bacciferum (Turner) C.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: Hawaiian Islands (as Sandwich Islands) (Magruder 1988: 80). Holotype: LD, Hb. Ag. 02935 (Mattio et al. 2009: 1221). Notes: According to Magruder (1988: 80), a lectotype needs to be selected from J.G. Agardh's specimens (Yoshida 1986, pers. comm.).

Infrageneric classification
Subgenus Sargassum Section Sargassum

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Sargassum densum Dickie 1877
Sargassum incisum Dickie 1877
Sargassum polyphyllum var. fissifolium Grunow 1886
Sargassum polyphyllum var. densa Grunow 1916
Sargassum polyphyllum var. horridula (Grunow) Grunow 1916

Taxonomic notes
Section Sargassum [= Section Malacocarpicae (J. Agardh) I.A. Abbott, C.K. Tseng & B. Lu] (Matteo & Payri 2009). Section Sargassum (Cho et al. 2012). - (19 Jan 2010) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
Reef flats (Mattio et al. 2009: 1221). - (18 Jan 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Cho, S.M., Lee, S.M., Ko, Y.D., Mattio, L. & Boo, S.M. (2012). Molecular systematic reassessment of Sargassum (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) in Korea using four gene regions. Botanica Marina 55(5): 473-484.

De Toni, G.B. (1895). Sylloge algarum omnium hucusque cognitarum. Vol. III. Fucoideae. Vol. 3 pp. [i]-xvi, [1]-638. Patavii [Padua]: Sumptibus auctoris.

De Wreede, R.E. (1976). The phenology of three species of Sargassum (Sargassaceae, Phaeophyta) in Hawaii. Phycologia 15(2): 175-183, 9 figs, 2 tables.

Dixon, R.R.M., Matteo, L., Huisman, J.M., Payri, C.E., Bolton, J.J. & Gurgel, F.D. (2014). North meets south - Taxonomic and biogeographic implications of a phylogenetic assessment of Sargassum subgenera Arthrophycus and Bactrophycus (Fucales, Phaeophyceae). Phycologia 53(1): 15-22.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Magruder, W.H. (1988). Sargassum (Phaeophyta, Fucales, Sargassaceae) in the Hawaiian Islands. In: Taxonomy of economic seaweeds with reference to some Pacific and Caribbean species. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.2, pp. 65-87. California Sea Grant Program.

Mattio, L. & Payri, C.E. (2009). Taxonomic revision of Sargassum species (Fucales, Phaeophyceae) from New Caledonia based on morphological and molecular analyses. Journal of Phycology 45(6): 1374-1388.

Phillips, N. (1995). Biogeography of Sargassum (Phaeophyta) in the Pacific basin. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol. 5, pp. 107-145. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Created: 31 August 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 06 August 2019 by G.M. Guiry

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
G.M. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 16 September 2021.

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