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Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing 1843

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Dictyotophycidae
Order Sphacelariales
Family Stypocaulaceae
Genus Stypocaulon

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
lower intertidal, North of Galicia, Spain, 2013. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Stypocaulon scoparium, aegragopiles drift over sand, North of Galicia, Spain, 2009, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Stypocaulon scoparium, aegragopiles drift over sand, North of Galicia, Spain, 2009, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Stypocaulon scoparium, aegragopiles drift over sand, North of Galicia, Spain, 2009, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Stypocaulon scoparium, aegragopiles drift over sand, North of Galicia, Spain, 2009, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Stypocaulon scoparium, aegragopiles drift over sand, North of Galicia, Spain, 2009, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Stypocaulon scoparium, aegragopiles drift over sand, North of Galicia, Spain, 2009, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Stypocaulon scoparium, aegragopiles drift over sand, North of Galicia, Spain, 2009, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Stypocaulon scoparium, aegragopiles drift over sand, North of Galicia, Spain, 2009, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing
Stypocaulon scoparium, North of Portugal, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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26 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Porphyra elegans (Chauvin) P.Crouan & H.Crouan

Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing Stypocaulon scoparium, aegragopiles drift over sand, North of Galicia, Spain, 2009, Ignacio Bárbara
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing 1843: 293, pl. 18: fig. II

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, [1]-142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.
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Publication date: 14-16 Sep 1843

Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Stypocaulon.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Halopteris scoparia (Linnaeus) Sauvageau

Basionym
Conferva scoparia Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: "in mari Europaeo" (Athanasiadis 1996: 202). Type: OXF

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), in the form of a broom; fastigiate (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Sphacelaria scoparioides Lyngbye 1819
Sphacelaria spinulosa Lyngbye 1819
Sphacelaria scoparia var. aestivalis J.Agardh 1842
Sphacelaria scoparia var. hiemalis J.Agardh 1842
Sphacelaria scoparia f. aestivalis (J.Agardh) Areschoug 1850
Sphacelaria scoparia f. hiemalis (J.Agardh) Areschoug 1850
Stypocaulon scoparium var. scoparioides (Lyngbye) Holmes & Batters 1891
Stypocaulon scoparium f. spinulosum (Lyngbye) Reinke 1892
Halopteris spinulosa (Lyngbye) Sauvageau 1904
Halopteris spinulosa var. patentissima Sauvageau 1904
Stypocaulon scoparium f. petentissimum (Sauvageau) Lund 1950
Halopteris scoparia var. scoparioides (Lyngbye) Prud'homme 1978

Taxonomic notes
John et al. (2004) cite Sphacelaria scoparia var. disticha (Lyngb.) Lenorm., Sphacelaria scoparia var. glomerata (Kütz.) Grunow and Sphacelaria scoparia var. virgata (Kütz.) Grunow as synonyms of this species.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing)
English: Sea Flax Weed (Bunker & al. 2010).

Swedish: Taggtofs (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Stypocaulon scoparium (Linnaeus) Kützing)
Atlantic Islands: Azores (Parente), Canary Islands (Price, John & Lawson 1978, Guadalupe et al. 1995, Haroun & al. 2002, Herrera-López et al 2003, Aldanondo-Aristizábal, Domínguez-Alvarez & Gil-Rodríguez 2003, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John & al. 2004, Hernández-González et al. 2004a, Hernández-González et al. 2004b, Moro & al. 2011), Cape Verde Islands (John & al. 2004, Prud'homme van Reine, Haroun & Kostermans 2005), Madeira (Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001, Haroun & al. 2002, John & al. 2004), Salvage Islands (Parente & al. 2000, John & al. 2004).

Europe: Baltic Sea (Kontula & Fürhapter 2012), Britain (Newton 1931), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920), Corsica (Boudouresque & Perret 1977, Verlaque 1984, Rodríguez Prieto, Boudouresque & Marcot-Coqueugniot 1993, Sales & Ballesteros 2010), Denmark (Nielsen & Lundsteen 2019), France (Verlaque 2001, Anon. 2017), Gibraltar (Conde Poyales 1992), Greece (Diapoulis, Haritonidis & Koussouris 1986, Athanasiadis 1987, Tsirika & Haritonidis 2005), Helgoland (Bartsch & Kuhlenkamp 2000), Ireland (Adams 1907, Adams 1908, Cotton 1912, Guiry 1978, Guiry 2012), Italy (Cecere & al. 1996, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002, Serio et al 2006), Malta (Cormaci & al. 1997), Portugal (Araújo & al. 2009, Lopes et al. 2011), Scandinavia (Athanasiadis 1996), Spain (Sauvageau 1897, Fischer-Piette 1959, Seoane-Camba 1965, Barcelo & Seoane 1982, Rodriguez Prieto & Polo Alberti 1988, Soto & Conde 1989, Pérez-Ruzafa 1990, Granja, Cremades & Barbara 1992, Bárbara, Cremades & Pérez-Cirera 1995, Bárbara & Cremades 1996, Veiga, Cremades & Bárbara 1998, Veiga Villar 1999, Peña & Bárbara 2002, Sánchez, Fernández & Rico 2003, Gorostiaga & al., 2004, Bárbara & al. 2005, Sánchez & Fernández 2005, Sánchez et al 2005, Peña & Bárbara 2006, Martínez-Gil et al. 2007, Pérez-Ruzafa et al. 2008, Lobón et al. 2008, Viejo et al. 2008, Peña & Bárbara 2008, Invernón et al. 2009, de los Santos, Pérez-Lloréns & Vergara 2009, Mercado et al. 2009, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010, Diaz Tapia et al. 2011), Sweden (Kylin 1947), Veneto (Sfriso 2011).

Africa: Algeria (Ould-Ahmed & al. 2013), Morocco (Moussa et al. 2015), Nigeria (John & al. 2004), Tunisia (Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987).

Middle East: Israel (Hoffman 2004, Einav 2007, Hoffman et al. 2014 ), Turkey (Güner, Aysel, Sukatar & Öztürk 1985, Cirik, Zeybeck, Aysel & Cirik 1990, Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993, Taskin & al. 2008 , Taskin & al. 2008 ).

South-west Asia: Lebanon (Lakkis 2013).

(as Sphacelaria scoparia f. aestivalis (J.Agardh) Areschoug)
Atlantic Islands: Canary Islands (Price, John & Lawson 1978).

(as Stypocaulon scoparium var. scoparioides (Lyngbye) Holmes & Batters)
Europe: Britain (Newton 1931), Channel Islands (Lyle 1920).

(as Stypocaulon scoparium f. spinulosum (Lyngbye) Reinke)
Europe: Sweden (Kylin 1947).

(as Halopteris spinulosa (Lyngbye) Sauvageau)
Europe: Sweden (Kylin 1907).

Source of current name
Draisma, S.G.A., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F. & Kawai, H. (2010). A revised classification of the Sphacelariales (Phaeophyceae) inferred from a psbC and rbcL based phylogeny. European Journal of Phycology 45(3): 308-326.

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, 109 pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 2 Brunalger (Phaeophyceae) og Grønalger (Chlorophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 8: [1]-476, col. figs and distributional maps.

Salavarría Palma, E.A. & Paul, S. (2020). A peep into the transcriptome studies of the industrially important brown algae with special focus on Macrocystis genus. Revista Peruana de Biología 27(1): 49-53.

Sánchez, I. & Fernández, C. (2005). Impact of the invasive seaweed Sargassum muticum (Phaeophyta) on an intertidal macroalgal assemblage. Journal of Phycology 41: 923-930.

Sánchez, I., Fernández, C. & Arrontes, J. (2005). Long-term changes in the structure of intertidal assemblages following invasion by Sargassum muticum (Phaeophyta). Journal of Phycology 41: 942-949.

Serio, D., Alongi, G., Catra, M., Cormaci, M. & Furnari, G. (2006). Changes in the benthic algal flora of Linosa Island (Straits of Sicily, Mediterranean Sea). Botanica Marina 49: 135-144.

Sfriso, A. (2011). Ochrophyta (Phaeophyceae e Xanthophyceae). Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-234, pls 1-51. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel' zelenykh, burykh i krasnykh vodorosley yuzhnykh morey SSSR [Manual for identification of the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of the USSR]. pp. 224, 222 figures. Moscow & Leningrad: Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR. [in Russian]

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 17754 times since it was created.

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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Novaczek, I., Breeman, A.M. & van den Hoek, C. (1989). Thermal tolerance of Stypocaulon scoparium (Phaeophyta, Sphacelariales) from eastern and western shores of the North Atlantic Ocean. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 43: 183-193.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 October 2021.

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