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Phalacroma rapa F.Stein 1883

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Dinophysales
Family Oxyphysaceae
Genus Phalacroma

 

Publication details
Phalacroma rapa F.Stein 1883: pl. XIX [19]: figs 5-8

Published in: Stein, F. von (1883). Der Organismus der Infusionsthiere nach eigenen forschungen in systematischere Reihenfolge bearbeitet. III. Abtheilung. II. Hälfte die Naturgeschichte der Arthrodelen Flagellaten. pp. 1-30, pls I-XXV. Leipzig: Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Phalacroma is Phalacroma porodictyum F.Stein.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Noun (Latin), dirt, mud.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Prodinophysis rapa (F.Stein) Balech 1944
Dinophysis rapa (Stein) T.H.Abé 1967

Nomenclatural notes
Seemingly originally first introduced without a description, but validated by analytical figures (Melbourne Code; see ICN Art. 38.7 "For the purpose of Art. 38.5, prior to 1 January 1908, an illustration with analysis (see Art. 38.9 and 38.10) is acceptable in place of a written description or diagnosis."). - (19 May 2017) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: Atlantic Ocean; Südsee (Index Nominum Algarum).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Faust, M.A. & Gulledge, R.A. (2002). Identifying harmful marine dinoflagellates. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 42: 1-144.

Handy, S.M., Bachvaroff, T.R., Timme, R.E., Coats, D.W., Kim, S. & Delwiche, C.F. (2009). Phylogeny of four dinophysiacean genera (Dinophyceae, Dinophysiales) based on rDNA sequences from single cells and environmental samples. Journal of Phycology 45(5): 1163-1174.

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Schiller, J. (1931). Dinoflagellatae (Peridineae). In: Dr. L. Rabenhosrst's Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, 2. Aufl. 10. Bd 3. Abt. 1 Teil. (Kolkwitz, R. Eds), pp. 1-256. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H.

Steidinger, K.A. & Tangen, K. (1996). Dinoflagellates. In: Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. (Tomas, C.R. Eds), pp. 387-584. San Diego: Academic Press.

Created: 06 March 2003 by Elizabeth Moran

Verified by: 05 June 2020 by Wendy Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 768 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 September 2020.

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