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Liagora viscida (Forsskål) C.Agardh 1822

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Nemaliophycidae
Order Nemaliales
Family Liagoraceae
Genus Liagora

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Liagora viscida (Forsskål) C.Agardh
Ría de Vigo, Galicia, Spain, 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Liagora viscida (Forsskål) C.Agardh
lower intertidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Liagora viscida (Forsskål) C.Agardh
North of Spain, 2010. 08 Nov 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Liagora viscida (Forsskål) C.Agardh
Selce, northern Croatia. 26 Mar 2011. Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger. © Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net).

Liagora viscida (Forsskål) C.Agardh
Spain, North of Galicia, 2009. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Liagora viscida (Forsskål) C.Agardh
Spain, North of Galicia, 2009. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Liagora viscida (Forsskål) C.Agardh
Spain. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Liagora viscida (Forsskål) C.Agardh
Spain; apices. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Liagora viscida (Forsskål) C.Agardh
Spain; apex. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Liagora viscida (Forsskål) C.Agardh
Punta del Castro, Lugo, Galicia, Spain, 2009. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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Myrionema henschei Caspary

Liagora viscida (Forsskål) C.Agardh Spain; apex
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Liagora viscida (Forsskål) C.Agardh 1822: 395

Published in: Agardh, C.A. (1822). Species algarum rite cognitae, cum synonymis, differentiis specificis et descriptionibus succinctis. Volumen primum pars posterior. pp. [v-vi], 169-398. Lundae [Lund]: ex officina Berlingiana.
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Publication date: probably Oct 1822

Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Liagora.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus viscidus Forsskål

Type information
Neotype locality: Anse du Troc, Banyuls-sur-Mer, France (Abbott 1990). Neotype: T. Christensen; June, 1954; C (Abbott 1990 Notes: The original type locality was Constantinople [Istanbul], Turkey but the type specimen has been lost (Børgesen, 1932; Abbott 1990; Huisman, 2002) and a neotype has thus been selected.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), viscid (Stearn 1985).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus viscidus Forsskål 1775
Sphaerococcus viscidus (Forsskål) C.Agardh 1817

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Liagora cladoniiformis Bory 1832
Liagora viscida var. coarctata Kützing 1849
Liagora viscida var. laxa Kützing 1849
Liagora viscida var. attenuata Kützing 1858
Liagora viscida var. dilatata Kützing 1858
Liagora viscida var. attenuata Zanardini 1874
Liagora attenuata (Kützing) Hauck 1882
Liagora coarctata (Kützing) Hauck 1882
Liagora dilitata (Kützing) Hauck 1882

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Fucus viscidus Forsskål)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

(as Liagora viscida (Forsskål) C.Agardh)
Atlantic Islands: Azores (Neto 1994, Tittley & Neto 1994, Parente, Neto & al. 2020), Canary Islands (Guadalupe et al. 1995, Haroun & al. 2002, Gil-Rodríguez et al. 2003, John & al. 2004, Moro & al. 2011, Afonso-Carrillo 2014), Cape Verde Islands (John & al. 2004, Prud'homme van Reine, Haroun & Kostermans 2005, Gabriel & Fredericq 2019), Madeira (Neto, Cravo & Haroun 2001, John & al. 2004, Ferreira & al. 2018), Salvage Islands (Parente & al. 2000, John & al. 2004), St Helena (John & al. 2004).

Europe: Adriatic Sea (Giaccone 1978, Munda 1979, Ercegovic 1980, Huisman 2002), Apulia (Bottalico & al. 2016), Atlantic France (Burel, Le Duff & Ar Gall 2019), Balearic Islands (Rodríguez y Femenías 1889, Bellón 1921, Ribera Siguán 1983, Ribera Siguán & Gómez Garreta 1984), Corsica (Boudouresque & Perret 1977, Coppejans 1979, Demoulin, Janssen & Licot 1980), France (Feldmann 1939, Coppejans 1972, Guiry 1997, Huisman 2002 , Dizerbo & Herpe 2007, Le Gall & Saunders 2010, Popolizio & al. 2015, Anon. 2017), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974, Haritonidis & Tsekos 1976, Tsekos & Haritonidis 1977, Athanasiadis 1987, Tsiamis & Panayotidis 2019), Italy (Giaccone 1969, Cinelli 1971, Feoli & Bressan 1972, Edwards et al. 1975, Cinelli & al. 1976, Cecere & al. 1996, Furnari, Cormaci & Serio 1999, Rindi, Sartoni & Cinelli 2002, Furnari & al. 2003, Furnari & al. 2003, Furnari & al. 2003, Furnari & al. 2003, Lin et al. 2011), Portugal (Ardré 1970), Sardinia (Furnari & al. 2003), Spain (Miranda 1931, Ballesteros 1981, Romero Martinengo & Romero Martinengo 1982, Pérez-Ruzafa & Honrubia 1984, Gallardo & al. 1985, Rodriguez Prieto & Polo Alberti 1988, Soto & Conde 1989, Conde, Flores-Moya & Vera 1990, Pérez-Ruzafa et al. 1991, López Rodríguez & Cremades & Bárbara 1991, Granja, Cremades & Bárbara 1993, Flores-Moya et al. 1994, Conde & al. 1996, Cremades, Bárbara, Granja & Veiga 1997, Sánchez, Fernández & Rico 2003, Gorostiaga & al., 2004, Pérez-Ruzafa et al. 2008, Invernón et al. 2009, de los Santos, Pérez-Lloréns & Vergara 2009, Mercado et al. 2009, Cires Rodriguez & Cuesta Moliner 2010, Lin et al. 2011, Popolizio & al. 2015), Spain (incl. Canary Is.) (Gallardo & al. 2016).

North America: Mexico (Pedroche & Sentíes 2020), Mexico (Atlantic) (Ek García-García & al. 2020).

Africa: Mediterranean Sea (Altamirano et al. 2013), Morocco (Conde Poyales 1992, Moussa & al. 2018), Spanish North Africa (González García, Paredes Ruiz & Enrique Mirón 2017), Tunisia (Meñez & Mathieson 1981, Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987).

Indian Ocean Islands: Rodrigues Island (Dickie 1879, Silva & al. 1996).

Middle East: Cyprus (Tsiamis & al. 2014), Egypt (Aleem 1993, Issa et al. 2014), Turkey (Güven & Öztig 1971, Cirik, Zeybeck, Aysel & Cirik 1990, Zeybek, Güner & Aysel 1993, Taskin & al. 2008, Taskin & al. 2008, Taskin (ed.) & al. 2019).

South-west Asia: India (Silva & al. 1996, Sahoo et al. 2001, Rao & Gupta 2015), Lebanon (Lakkis 2013), Sri Lanka (Silva & al. 1996).

Asia: Japan (Okamura 1936), Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Pacific Islands/Pacific Ocean: Central Polynesia (Tsuda & Walsh 2013), Fiji (N'Yeurt, South & Keats 1996, South & Skelton 2003).

(as Liagora cladoniiformis Bory)
Asia: Taiwan (Shao 2003-2014).

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G. & Alongi, G. (2017). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Rhodophyta (Rhodymeniophycidae escluse). Bollettino Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania 50(380): 1-391, 53 pls.

Desikachary, T.V., Balakrishnan, M.S. & Krishnamurthy, V. (1990). Florideophycidae Palmariales - Gelidiales. In: Rhodophyta. II. Taxonomy part. Part IIA. (Desikachary, T.V., Krishnamurthy, V. & Balakrishnan, M.S. Eds), pp. 47-214. Madras, India: Madras Science Foundation.

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Huisman, J.M. (2002). The type and Australian species of the red algal genera Liagora and Ganonema (Liagoraceae, Nemaliales). Australian Systematic Botany 15: 773-838.

Le Gall, L. & Saunders, G.W. (2010). Establishment of a DNA-barcode library for the Nemaliales (Rhodophyta) from Canada and France uncovers overlooked diversity in the species Nemalion helminthoides (Velley) Batters. Cryptogamie Algologie 31(4): 403-421.

Lin, S.-M., Yang, S.-Y. & Huisman, J.M. (2011). Systematics of Liagora with diffuse gonimoblasts based on rbcL sequences and carposporophyte development, including the description of the new genera Neoizziella and Macrocarpus (Liagoraceae, Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 46(3): 249-262.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Sánchez, I., Fernández, C. & Rico, J.M. (2003). Distribution, abundance and phenology of two species of Liagora (Nemaliales, Rhodophyta) in northern Spain. Phycologia 42(1): 7-17.

Created: 29 July 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 02 June 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 7155 times since it was created.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 18 June 2021.

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