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Amphiroa fragilissima (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux 1816

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Corallinophycidae
Order Corallinales
Family Lithophyllaceae
Subfamily Lithophylloideae
Tribe Amphiroeae
Genus Amphiroa


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Amphiroa fragilissima (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux
Heron Island, Queensland. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Amphiroa fragilissima (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux
Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Amphiroa fragilissima (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux
Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Amphiroa fragilissima (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 1 m deep. Hideki Yukihira. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Amphiroa fragilissima (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 1 m deep. Hideki Yukihira. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Amphiroa fragilissima (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux
1. Branching pattern. 2. Upper subtidal, on metal constructions of lobster farm in Nhatrang Bay (Mot Island, Vietnam).. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Amphiroa fragilissima (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux
Tanzania. Katrin Østerlund. © Katrin Oesterlund (Katrin.Osterlund@uadm.uu.se).

Amphiroa fragilissima (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux
© ABC Taxa (eric.coppejans@ugent.be).

Amphiroa fragilissima (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux
Ningaloo Reef, Western Australia.. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).


Riquetophycus polypus Denizot

Amphiroa fragilissima (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux Palau Islands, West Pacific
© Palau International Coral Reef Center

Publication details
Amphiroa fragilissima (Linnaeus) J.V.Lamouroux 1816: 298

Published in: Lamouroux, J.V.F. (1816). Histoire des polypiers coralligènes flexibles, vulgairement nommés zoophytes. pp. [i]-lxxxiv, chart, [1]-560, [560, err], pls I-XIX, uncol. by author. Caen: De l'imprimerie de F. Poisson.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Amphiroa is Amphiroa tribulus (J.Ellis & Solander) J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Corallina fragilissima Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: Habitat in Indiis [Jamaica?] (Linnaeus 1758: 806). Lectotype: LINN (Spencer, Irvine & Jarvis 2009: 245). Notes: Harvey et al. (2013: 108) note "no collection data on specimen. In the protologue (Linnaeus 1758: p. 806), the locality is given as "Habitat in Indiis" and an illustration from Sloane (1707: p. 58, pl. 20, fig. 5) based on material from Jamaica is cited." Sir Hans Sloane (1660-1753) spent 15 months in Jamaica in 1687-88 as physician to the Governor, the Duke of Albemarle. The lectotype in LINN is figured by Harvey et al. (2013: figs 24-26).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Corallina fragilissima Linnaeus 1758

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Amphiroa cyanthifera J.V.Lamouroux
Corallina rigens Pallas 1766
Amphiroa cuspidata (Ellis & Solander) J.V.Lamouroux 1816
Amphiroa debilis Kützing 1849

Taxonomic notes
John et al. (2004) cite Amphiroa cryptarthrodia Zanardini and Amphiroa verruculosa Kütz. as synonyms of this species.

Usage notes
Used in folk medicine. - (27 Aug 2016) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G. & Alongi, G. (2017). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Rhodophyta (Rhodymeniophycidae escluse). Bollettino Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania 50(380): 1-391, 53 pls.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Harvey, A.S., Woelkerling, W.J., Huisman, J.M. & Gurgel, C.F.D. (2013). A monographic account of Australian species of Amphiroa (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). Australian Systematic Botany 26: 81-144.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

Littler, D.S. & Littler, M.M. (1997). An illustrated flora of the Pelican Cays, Belize. Bulletin of the Biological Society of Washington 9: 1-149, 190 figs.

Mendoza-Gonzalez, A.C., L.E.Mateo-Cid, D.Y.García-López & J.A.Acosta-Calderón (2014). Diversity and distribution of articulated coralline algae (Rhodophyta, Corallinales) of the Atlantic coast of Mexico. Phytotaxa 190(1): 45-63.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Torrano-Silva, B.N., Vieira, B.R., Riosmena-Rodríguez, R. & Oliveira, M.C. (2018). Guidelines for DNA barcoding of coralline alge, focusing on Lithophylloideae (Corallinales) from Brazil. Botanica Marina 61(2): 127-140.

Townsend, R.A. & Huisman, J.M. (2018). 'Coralline algae'. In: Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 2. Red algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 86-97, 105-137, 143-146. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Weber-van Bosse, A. (1913). Marine algae. Rhodophyceae, of the "Sealark" Expedition, collected by Mr. J. Stanley Gardiner, M.A.. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Second Series, Botany 8: 105-142, 1 fig, pls 12-14.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2013). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. IV Corallinales . pp. [1-8], i-xix, 1-147, pls I-V. Beijing: Science Press.

Created: 30 July 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 16 January 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 8738 times since it was created.

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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Afonso-Carrillo, J. (1986). Observaciones en Amphiroa fragilissima (L.) Lamouroux (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta) con el microscopio electrónico de barrido. Vieraea 16: 189-192.
Ambiye, V. & Untawale, A.G. (1991). Bioecology of an articulated coralline alga Amphiroa fragilissima from Anjuna, Goa, central western coast of India. In: Bioactive compounds from marine organisms, with emphasis on the Indian Ocean. (Thompson, M.-F., Sarojini, R. & Nagabhushanam, R. Eds), pp. 55-62. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH.
Wahidulla, S., D'Souza, L., Das, B. & Patnaik, G.K. (1987). Oxytocic principle of red alga Amphiroa fragilissima. Botanica Marina 30: 411-412.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 February 2021.

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