163,335 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,769 images, 62,932 bibliographic items, 478,463 distributional records.

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne 1846

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Family Ceramiaceae
Subfamily Ceramioideae
Tribe Ceramieae
Genus Centroceras


click on thumbnail for larger version.

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne
Cabrillo National Monument, California. Middle zone turf.. 07 Sep 2018. © National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior.

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne
microscope, Salses lagoon, France, 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne
microscope, Salses lagoon, France, 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne
microscope, Salses lagoon, France, 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne
microscope, Salses lagoon, France, 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne
1. Frond with cystocarps. 2. Fragments with incurved branch tips and lateral tetrasporangia. 3. Habitat on net of lobster farm (Nhatrang Bay, Vietnam). Insert: Habitat, middle intertidal (Nhatrang Bay).. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne
Hawaii; epiphytica tufts; scale is 10 mm. 15 Aug 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne
Hawaii. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne
Barrow Island, Australia. 25 May 2011. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne
Tanzania; apices. Eurico Oliveira. © Eurico Oliveira (euricodo@usp.br).

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Womersleyella pacifica var. minor Hollenberg

Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne Hawaii; epiphytica tufts; scale is 10 mm
© J.M. Huisman

Publication details
Centroceras clavulatum (C.Agardh) Montagne 1846: 140

Published in: Montagne, [J.F.]C. (1846). Flore d'Algérie. Ordo I. Phyceae Fries. In: Exploration scientifique de l'Algérie pendant les années 1840, 1841, 1842...Sciences physiques. Botanique. Cryptogamie. (Durieu De Maisonneuve, M.C. Eds) Vol. 1, pp. 1-197. Paris: Imprimerie Royale, publiée par ordre du Gouvernement et avec le concours d'une Commission Académique.
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Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Centroceras.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Ceramium clavulatum C.Agardh

Type information
Type locality: " Crescit in Oceano Pacfiico, juxta El Callao de Lima." [Callao de Lima, Peru] (Agardh 1822: 2). Holotype: Humboldt; Herb Agardh, LD (Womersley 1998: 417). Notes: Dawson (1962: 68) notes the type specimen is a Humboldt & Bonpland specimen...(according to Howe).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), like a little club.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Ceramium clavulatum C.Agardh 1822
Spyridia clavulata (C.Agardh) J.Agardh 1842

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Ceramium diaphanum var. borbonicum C.Agardh 1824
Ceramium clavulatum var. borbonicum (C.Agardh) C.Agardh 1828
Callithamnion ramellosum Sonder 1845
Ceramium hyalacanthum (Kützing) Sonder 1848
Ceramium cryptacanthum (Kützing) Sonder 1848
Centroceras clavulatum var. cryptacanthum (Kützing) Grunow 1867
Centroceras clavulatum var. oxyacanthum (Kützing) Grunow 1867
Centroceras clavulatum var. brachyacanthum (Kützing) P.Crouan & H.Crouan 1878

Distributional notes
Widespread in warm and temperate waters; in a Jania cushion; on Hypnea cornuta among many other epiphytes, the most common of which were Polysiphonia mollis and Cladophoropsis membranacea, in Chondrophycus papillosus community, on shallow rock flat gently sloping seawards (Lipkin & Silva 2002). Delnatte & Wynne (2016) note "Centroceras clavulatum (C. Agardh) Montagne had long been regarded to be a widely distributed species throughout the world. But Won et al. (2009) showed that C. clavulatum is another example of "cryptic speciation" and that records of it from places other than Peru (its type locality), northern Chile, California, New Zealand and southern Australia are doubtful Won et al. (2009) showed that C. gasparinii, C. hyalacanthum, and C. micracanthum occur in the Western Atlantic. Garcia et al. (2009) reported C. tetrachotomum to occur in Venezuela. In addition, two new species (C. arcii C.W.Schneider, Cianciola & Popolizio and C. illaqueans C.W.Schneider, Cianciola & Popolizio) were recently described from Bermuda (Schneider et al. 2015).' - (4 Jun 2010) - Wendy Guiry

Excluded from Moroccan flora by Hassoun et al. (2018). - (12 Nov 2018) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Barros-Barreto, M.B., McIvor, L., Maggs, C.A. & Ferreira, P.C.G. (2006). Molecular systematics of Ceramium and Centroceras (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta) from Brazil. Journal of Phycology 42: 905-921.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Dawson, E.Y., Acleto, C. & Foldvik, N. (1964). The seaweeds of Peru. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 13: 1-111, 81 pls.

Delnatte, C. & Wynne, M.J. (2016). A revised checklist of marine algae and seagrasses of Martinique, French West Indies. Nova Hedwigia 102(3/4): 415-440, 1 fig.

Hassoun, M., Wynne, J.W., Moussa, H., Salhi, G., Zbakh, H., Riadi, H. & Kazzaz, M. (2018). An investigation of members of the tribe Ceramieae (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta) occurring on both the Mediterranean and Atlantic shores of Morocco. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 33(3): 243-267.

Hayee-Memon, A. & Shameel, M. (1996). A taxonomic study of some red algae commonly growing on the coast of Karachi. Pakistan Journal of Marine Sciences 5(2): 113-137.

Hommersand, M.H., Freshwater, D.W., Lopez-Bautista, J.M. & Fredericq, S. (2006). Proposal of the Euptiloteae Hommersand et Fredericq, trib. nov. and transfer of some southern hemisphere Ptiloteae to the Callithamnieae (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology 42: 203-225.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

N'Yeurt, A.D.R. & Payri, C.E. (2010). Marine algal flora of French Polynesia III. Rhodophyta, with additions to the Phaeophyceae and Chlorophyta. Cryptogamie Algologie 31: 3-205.

Nelson, W.A. (2013). New Zealand seaweeds. An illustrated guide. pp. [1]-328. Wellington: Te Papa Press.

Scott, F.J. (2017). Marine plants of Tasmania. pp. [i]-viii, 1-360, numerous col. illus. Hobart: Tasmania Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.

Smith, G.M. (1944). Marine algae of the Monterey Peninsula. pp. i-ix, 1-622, 98 pls. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanova, T.V. (2012). Morskiye rasteniya stran Aziatsko-Tikhookeanskogo regiona, ikh ispol'zovaniye i kul'tivirovaniye [Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation]. pp. 376, 52 numbered figures, 162 plates. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Trono, G.C., Jr (1997). Field guide and atlas of the seaweed resourves of the Philippines. pp. [i]-xx.[1]-306, 168 figs. Makati City, The Philippines: Bookmark, Inc..

Withall, R.D. & Saunders, G.W. (2007 '2006'). Combining small and large subunit ribosomal DNA genes to resolve relationships among orders of the Rhodymeniophycidae (Rhodophyta): recognition of the Acrosymphytales ord. nov. and Sebdeniales ord. nov. European Journal of Phycology 41: 379-394.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1998). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIC. Ceramiales - Ceramiaceae, Dasyaceae. pp. [1]-535, 235 figs, 4 col. figs in 2 pls. Canberra & Adelaide: Australian Biological Resources Study & State Herbarium of South Australia.

Won, B.Y., Cho, T.O. & Fredericq, S. (2009). Morphological and molecular characterization of species of the genus Centroceras (Ceramiaceae, Ceramiales), including two new species. Journal of Phycology 45: 227-250.

Wynne, M.J. (1986). Report on a collection of benthic marine algae from the Namibian coast (southwestern Africa). Nova Hedwigia 43: 311-355, 24 pls.

Wynne, M.J. (2005). A check-list of benthic marine algae of the tropical and subtropical western Atlantic: second revision. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 129: 1-152.

Zheng, B., Liu, J. & Chen, Z. (2001). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. VI Ceramiales (I). pp. [i-vi], i-xx, 1-159, 1 pl. Beijing: Science Press.

Created: 03 August 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 08 March 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 14226 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Alveal, K. & Joly, A.B. (1968). The sexual male plants of Centroceras clavulatum (C. Agardh) Montagne. Rickia 3: 111-113.
Conde, F. (1981). Sobre la corologia y la frutificacion de Centroceras clavulatum Montagne (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta) en el Mediterraneo. Trab y monograf Dep Bot Málaga 11: 7-12.
de Oliveira Filho, E.C. & Brinati, M.C. (1974). Germination and development of the tetraspores of Centroceras clavulatum (Rhodophyta, Ceramiaceae) in culture. Bol Bot Univ S Paulo 2: 1-15.
Joly, A.B. & Alveal, K. (1968). The sexual male plants of Centroceras clavulatum ( C. Agardh ) Montagne.. Rickia. 3: 111-115.
Le Duff, M., Le Garrec, V. & Ar Gall, E. (2018). Nouveau signalement de l’algue rouge Centroceras clavulatum (Agardh) Montagne dans les eaux bretonnes . An aod - les cahiers naturalistes de l’Observatoire marin, Brest 6(1): 1-5.
Vélez, S.M. & Ballantine, D.L. (1989). The life history and development of Centroceras clavulatum (C. Agardh) Montagne (Rhodophyta, Ceramiaceae) in culture. Caribbean Journal of Science 25: 9-12.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 September 2021.

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