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Karenia bidigitata Haywood & Steidinger 2004

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Subkingdom Harosa (supergroup SAR)
Infrakingdom Halvaria
Phylum Miozoa
Subphylum Myzozoa
Infraphylum Dinozoa
Superclass Dinoflagellata
Class Dinophyceae
Order Gymnodiniales
Family Kareniaceae
Genus Karenia


Publication details
Karenia bidigitata Haywood & Steidinger in Haywood & al. 2004: 172-176, fig. 5, a-e

Published in: Haywood, A.J., Steidinger, K.A., Truby, E.W., Bergquist, P.R., Bergquist, P.L., Adamson, J. & MacKenzie, L. (2004). Comparative morphology and molecular phylogenetic analysis of three new species of the genus Karenia (Dinophyceae) from New Zealand. Journal of Phycology 40: 165-179.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Karenia is Karenia brevis (C.C.Davis) Gert Hansen & Moestrup.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Karenia bicuneiformis Botes, Sym & Pitcher

Type information
Type locality: Hawke's Bay, New Zealand (Haywood & al., 2004: 172). Holotype: Cawthron Institute (Haywood & al., 2004: 172, 166). Notes: Holotype: fig. 5a (FMRI SEM-5150).

No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Karenia bidigitata Haywood & Steidinger)
Australia and New Zealand: New Zealand (Botes, Sym & Pitcher 2003, Haywood & al., 2004, Haywood et al. 2007, Chang & al. 2012, Rhodes & al. 2019).

World: World (Gómez 2012).

Source of current name
Salas, M.F. de , Bolch, C.J.S. & Hallegraeff, G.M. (2005). Karlodinium australe sp. nov. (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae), a new potentially ichthyotoxic unarmoured dinoflagellate from lagoonal habitats of south-eastern Australia. Phycologia 44: 640-650.

Key references
Gómez, F., Nagahama, Y., Takayama, H. & Furuya, K. (2005). Is Karenia a synonym of Asterodinium-Brachidinium? (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae). Acta Botanica Croatica 64: 263-274.

Created: 09 February 2006 by G.M. Guiry

Verified by: 26 November 2007 by G.M. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 523 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=73909

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 16 October 2021.

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