161,427 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,723 images, 62,830 bibliographic items, 473,328 distributional records.

Colpomenia peregrina Sauvageau 1927

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Ectocarpales
Family Scytosiphonaceae
Genus Colpomenia


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Colpomenia peregrina Sauvageau
Cape Peron, Western Australia. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Colpomenia peregrina Sauvageau
subtidal under Cystoeria baccata, Ría de Vigo, Galicia, Spain, 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Colpomenia peregrina Sauvageau
Cornwall, England; in pools with Cystoseira tamariscifolia. 10 Apr 2012. David Fenwick. © David Fenwick (davidfenwicksnr@googlemail.com).

Colpomenia peregrina Sauvageau
Peter the Great Bay, Russia. 27 Mar 2012. Oksana Belous. © Oksana Belous (ksu_bio@mail.ru).

Colpomenia peregrina Sauvageau
Peter the Great Bay, Russia. 01 Jan 0001. Oksana Belous. © Oksana Belous (ksu_bio@mail.ru).

Colpomenia peregrina Sauvageau
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland. 14 Jun 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Colpomenia peregrina Sauvageau
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland. 17 May 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Colpomenia peregrina Sauvageau
Northern California. 08 Mar 2011. Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org). © Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org).

Colpomenia peregrina Sauvageau
Northern California. 08 Mar 2011. Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org). © Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org).

Colpomenia peregrina Sauvageau
Smerwick Bay, Co. Kerry, Ireland. 11 Aug 2010. M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

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Rhodochorton endophyticum Kylin

Colpomenia peregrina Sauvageau Panama
© Diane Littler (littlerd@si.edu)

Publication details
Colpomenia peregrina Sauvageau 1927: 321, figs 1-8

Published in: Sauvageau, C. (1927). Sur le Colpomenia sinuosa Derb. et Sol.. Bulletin de la Station Biologique d'Arachon 24: 309-355, 8 figs.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Colpomenia is Colpomenia sinuosa (Mertens ex Roth) Derbès & Solier.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Syntype localities: Various in Atlantic Europe (Silva & al. 1996: 627). Lectotype: PC herb. Sauvageau (Womersley 1987: 298). Notes: Womersley (1987: 298) gives the following data for Colpomenia peregrina (Sauvageau) Hamel 1937: Type from Brittany, France; in Herb. Sauvageau, PC. Green et al. (2012: 643) also cite Brittany, France as the type locality.

Origin of species name
Adjective A (Latin), foreign; wandering, travelling about; exotic strange (Brown 1956).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Colpomenia sinuosa var. peregrina Sauvageau 1927
Colpomenia peregrina (Sauvageau) Hamel 1937

Nomenclatural notes
This taxon was proposed with alternative names (Colpomenia peregrina Sauvageau and Colpomenia sinuosa var. peregrina Sauvageau), with neither being preferrred (Pedroche et al. 2008:64). Because publication was effected prior to 1 January, 1953, both names are valid (ICBN Art. 34.2 "When, on or after 1 January 1953, two or more different names based on the same type are proposed simultaneously for the same taxon by the same author (so-called alternative names), none of them is validly published."; Silva, Basson & Moe, 1996: 627), and thus the correct nomenclatural citation, if the species status is preferred, is Colpomenia peregrina Sauvageau. Many authors, including Womersley (1987: 298), Vandermuelen (1998), and John et al. (2003) give the authorities for this species as (Sauvageau) Hamel, as if Hamel (1937) had raised the varietal name of Sauvageau to a species; in fact, however, C. peregrina (Sauvageau) Hamel is an illegitimate later homonym of C. peregrina Sauvageau.

Distributional notes
This species spread from Atlantic France to Britain around 1907, first appearing in Cornwall and Dorset (Cotton 1908, as C. sinuousa). It appears to have been introduced to Atlantic France from the Pacific coast of North America (Minchine 1991) with juvenile American oysters Crassostrea virginica. The migration from France to Britain is said by some to have been natural, but it may also have been introduced unintentionally with commercial oysters. In Ireland, it grows rapidly spring, reaching the size of a football very quickly in some favourable places. It has spread throughout Britain from southern England in 1907 to the Isle of Man by 1923, the Outer Hebrides by 1936 and the Orkneys by 1940, marginally by natural means. It appeared in Ireland in the 1940s, and has rapidly spread since (Minchin 1991). It is now distributed widely throughout Britain and Ireland although populations are more extensive, and mature plants larger on western coasts. This species is reported as being introduced into the Mediterranean (Verlaque et al. 2015: 97), being first found in the Etang de Thau (France) in 1918.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Colpomenia peregrina Sauvageau)
English: Oyster thief (Rhoads & Zunic 1978).

French: Ballons (Dickinson 1963), Voleuse d'huitres (Duddington 1966).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Belous O.C., Titlyanova, T.B. & Titlyanov E.A. (2013). [Marine plants of Trinity Bay and adjacent waters (Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan)]. pp. [1]-263. Vladivostok: Dal'nauka. [in Russian]

Boo, S.-M. (2010). Scytosiphonaceae, Petrospongiaceae. In: Algal flora of Korea. Volume 2, Number 1. Heterokontophyta: Phaeophyceae: Ectocarpales. Marine brown algae I. (Kim, H.-S. & Boo, S.-M. Eds), pp. [155]-185. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Boo, S.M. & Ko, Y.D. (2012). Marine plants from Korea. pp. [1] 5-233, many col. photographs. Seoul: Marine & Extreme Genome Research Centre Program. [in Korean]

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Catra, M., Alongi, G. & Giaccone, G. (2012). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Phaeophyceae. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia 45: 1-508.

Hamel, G. (1937). Phéophycées de France. Fasc. III. pp. 177-240, figs 40-46. Paris.

Hollenberg, G.J. & Abbott, I.A. (1966). Supplement to Smith's marine algae of the Monterey Peninsula. pp. [i]-ix [xii], [1]-130, 53 figs. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Huisman, J.M. (2019). Marine plants of Australia Revised edition. pp. [i]-xviii, [1]-435, numerous col. figs. Crawley Western Australia: UWA Publishing.

Lindeberg, M.R. & Lindstrom, S.C. (2010). Field guide to the seaweeds of Alaska. pp. [i-]iii-iv, 1-188, numerous col. photographs. Fairbanks: Alaska Sea Grant College Program.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Mathieson, A.C., Pederson, J.R., Neefus, C.D., Dawes, C.J. & Bray, T.L. (2008). Multiple assessments of introduced seaweeds in the Northwest Atlantic. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, 65: 730–741.. ICES Journal of Marine Science 65: 730-741, 5 figs.

Nelson, W.A. (2013). New Zealand seaweeds. An illustrated guide. pp. [1]-328. Wellington: Te Papa Press.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 2 Brunalger (Phaeophyceae) og Grønalger (Chlorophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 8: [1]-476, col. figs and distributional maps.

Pedroche, P.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar Rosas, R. (2008). Catálogo de las algas benthónicas del Pacífico de México II. Phaeophycota. pp. [i-viii], i-vi, 15-146. Mexicali & Berkeley: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana; Universidad Autónoma de Baja California; University of California Berkeley.

Scott, F.J. (2017). Marine plants of Tasmania. pp. [i]-viii, 1-360, numerous col. illus. Hobart: Tasmania Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: [i]-xiv, 1-1259.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photographs and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1987). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia. Part II. pp. [1]-484, 169 figs, 1 table, 8 plates, 4 maps. Adelaide: South Australian Government Printing Division.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 12 January 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 31719 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Bird, C.J. & Edelstein, T. (1978). Investigations of the marine algae of Nova Scotia XIV. Colpomenia peregrina Sauv. (Phaeophyta: Scytosiphonaceae). Proc. N. S. Inst. Sci. 28: 181-187.
Blackler, H. (1967). The occurrence of Colpomenia peregrina (Sauv.) Hamel in the Mediterranean (Phaeophyta, Scytosiphonales). Blumea 15: 5-8.
Blackler, H. (1981). Some algal problems with special reference to Colpomenia peregrina and other members of the Scytosiphonaceae. British Phycological Journal 16: 133.
Cho, G.Y., Boo, S.M., Nelson, W. & Clayton, M.N. (2005). Genealogical partitioning and phylogeography of Colpomenia peregrina (Scytosiphonaceae, Phaeophyceae), based on plastid rbcL and nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer sequences. Phycologia 44: 103-111.
Clayton, M.N. (1979). The life history and sexual reproduction of Colpomenia peregrina (Scytosiphonaceae, Phaeophyta) in Australia. British Phycological Journal 14: 1-10.
Clayton, M.N. (1980). Observations on the factors controlling the reproduction of two common species of brown algae, Colpomenia peregrina and Scytosiphon sp. (Scytosiphonaceae), in Victoria. Proc. Roy. Soc. Vict. 92: 113-118.
Domingo, M. (1957). Sur l'existence du Colpomenia peregrina (Sauv.) Hamel dans la Mediterranée.. Vie et Milieu 8: 92-98.
Green, L.A., Mathieson, A.C., Neefus, C.D., Traggis, H.M. & Dawes, C.J. (2012). Southern expansion of the brown alga Colpomenia peregrina Sauvageau (Scytosiphonales) in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean. Botanica Marina 55(6): 643-647.
Green-Gavrielidis, L.A., Hobbs, N.V. & Thornber, C.S. (2019). The brown macroalga Colpomenia peregrina (Sauvageau, 1927) reaches Rhode Island, USA. BioInvasions Records 8: [1-10], 2 figs, 1 table.
Kogame, K. & Yamagishi, Y. (1997). The life history and phenology of Colpomenia peregrina (Scytosiphonales, Phaeophyceae) from Japan. Phycologia 36: 337-344.
Lund, S. (1945). On Colpomenia peregrina Sauv. and its occurrence in Danish waters. Rep. of the Danish Biol. Stat. 47: 1-16.
Matta, J.L. & Chapman, D.J. (1991). Photosynthetic responses and daily carbon balance of Colpomenia peregrina: seasonal variations and differences between intertidal and subtidal populations. Marine Biology, Berlin 108(2): 303-313.
Minchin, A. (1991). Further distributional records of the adventive marine brown alga Colpomenia peregrina (Phaeophyta) in Ireland. Irish Naturalists' Journal 23: 380-381.
Oates, B.R. (1985). Photosynthesis and amelioration of desiccation in the intertidal saccate alga Colpomenia peregrina. Marine Biology, Berlin 89: 109-119.
Oates, B.R. (1988). Water relations of the intertidal saccate alga Colpomenia peregrina (Phaeophyta, Scytosiphonales). Botanica Marina 31: 57-63.
Oates, B.R. (1989). Articulated coralline algae as a refuge for the intertidal saccate species, Colpomenia peregrina and Leathesia difformis in Southern California. Botanica Marina 32: 475-478.
Stefanov, K., Bankova, V., Dimitrova-Konaklieva, St., Aldinova, R., Dimitrov, K. & Popov, S. (1996). Sterols and acylglycerols in the brown algae Colpomenia peregrina (Sauv.) Hamel and Scytosiphon lomentaria (Lyngb.) Link. Botanica marina 39: 475-478.
Vandermeulen, H. & DeWreede, R.E. (1986). The phenology, mortality, dispersal and canopy species interactions of Colpomenia peregrina (Sauv.) Hamel in British Columbia. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 99: 31-47.
Vandermeulen, H. & DeWreede, R.E. (1987). Analysis of a population of Colpomenia peregrina in British Columbia: relationships with environment and primary substrate. Japanese Journal of Phycology 35: 91-98.
Vandermeulen, H. (1986). Growth of Colpomenia peregrina (Phaeophyceae) in culture: effects of salinity, temperature and daylength. Journal of Phycology 22: 138-144.
Yamagishi, Y. & Kogame, K. (1998). Female dominant population of Colpomenia peregrina (Scytosiphonales, Phaeophyceae). Botanica Marina 41: 217-222, 12 figs, 3tables.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 07 May 2021.

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