Alaria esculenta (Linnaeus) Greville 1830

Alaria esculenta (Linnaeus) Greville

Alaria esculenta (Linnaeus) GrevilleSpiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; 2-3 m long plants at MLWS plants; modeled by Stefan Kraan - 18 April 2003. Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication Details
Alaria esculenta (Linnaeus) Greville 1830: xxxix, 25

Published in: Greville, R.K. (1830). Algae britannicae, or descriptions of the marine and other inarticulated plants of the British islands, belonging to the order Algae; with plates illustrative of the genera. pp. [i]-lxxxviii, [1]-218, pl. 1-19. Edinburgh & London: McLachlan & Stewart; Baldwin & Cradock.

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Publication date: Feb.-March 1830

Type Species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Alaria.

Status of Name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus esculentus Linnaeus

Type Information
Type locality: Atlantic Ocean; (Widdowson 1971: 31) Lectotype: LINN; 1274.63 (Widdowson 1971: 31)

Origin of Species Name
Adjective (Latin), edible (Stearn 1973).

General Environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Plants with olive or yellow-brown fronds to 4 m long and 25 cm wide. Attached by a root-like holdfast at the base from which a narrow flexible stipe arises which continues into the leafy part of the plant as a distinct mid-rib. The reproductive structures, apparent as dark-brown areas, are confined to unbranched leafy appendages borne on the stipe, usually in two rows. This is the only kelp-like plant in Ireland and Britain with a distinct midrib and is the only one with sporangia borne at the base of the frond in special leaflets called sporophylls.

Habitat
Generally growing on rock in very exposed places, often forming a band at low water and in the shallow subtidal, but also occurring in tidal pools in the lower shore.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry.

Last updated: 22 March 2020

Verification of Data
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Linking to this page: https://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=82

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 22 March 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on 01 December 2022

 
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