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Fucus spiralis Linnaeus 1753

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Fucales
Family Fucaceae
Genus Fucus


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Fucus spiralis Linnaeus
Fucus spiralis, South of Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. 15 Mar 2020. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Fucus spiralis Linnaeus
Fucus spiralis, South of Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Fucus spiralis Linnaeus
Fucus spiralis, South of Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Fucus spiralis Linnaeus
Fucus spiralis, Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara" . Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Fucus spiralis Linnaeus
Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Fucus spiralis Linnaeus
Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Fucus spiralis Linnaeus
saltmarsh, with Lichina confinis, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2012. 01 Jan 0001. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Fucus spiralis Linnaeus
saltmarsh, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2012, . 01 Jan 0001. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Fucus spiralis Linnaeus
Collected near Roscoff (F), December 1984. 29 Dec 2011. Elmar Wosnitza. © Christine Wosnitza.

Fucus spiralis Linnaeus
North of Spain, 2010. 21 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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23 Found - Displaying 1 through 10


Rhynchococcus coriaceus (Sonder) Kützing

Fucus spiralis Linnaeus Zeeland delta, Netherlands
© Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net)

Publication details
Fucus spiralis Linnaeus 1753: 1159

Published in: Linnaeus, C. (1753). Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Vol. 2 pp. [i], 561-1200, [1-30, index], [i, err.]. Holmiae [Stockholm]: Impensis Laurentii Salvii.
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Publication date: 1 May 1753

Original description:  Download PDF

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Fucus is Fucus vesiculosus Linnaeus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: "in Oceano" [Atlantic Ocean] (Linnaeus 1753: 1159). Lectotype: LINN 1274.53 (Børgesen 1909: 119). Notes: "However, in Species Plantarum the diagnosis for F. spiralis is followed by several references to earlier publications, and Linnaeus quotes as a synonym an entity named as "Fucus spiralis maritimum major" in Edition 3 of the Synonpsis of John Ray (1724). The plants on which this entity is based are in Herb. Sherard at Oxford, and I have established that they are true F. spiralis as at present understood; these plants can be used as an acceptable basis for the species Fucus spiralis L." (Powell 1960: 17). Spencer, Irvine & Jarvis (2009: 251) have pointed out that Børgesen (1909: 119, pl. 9) had selected LINN Herb. Linn No. 1274.53

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), spiral (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus vesiculosus var. spiralis (Linnaeus) Roth 1800
Halidrys spiralis (Linnaeus) Stackhouse 1809
Fucus sherardii f. spiralis (Linnaeus) Areschoug 1868
Fucus platycarpus f. spiralis (Linnaeus) Thuret 1878
Fucus vesiculosus f. spiralis (Linnaeus) Batters 1890
Fucus platycarpus var. spiralis (Linnaeus) Rosenvinge 1897

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus vesiculosus var. spiralis (Linnaeus) C.Agardh 1810
Fucus spiralis f. borealis Kjellman 1883
Fucus areschougii Kjellman 1890
Fucus areschougii f. nanus Kjellman 1890
Fucus areschougii var. borealis (Kjellman) Kjellman 1890
Fucus spiralis f. nanus (Kjellman) Batters 1902
Fucus spiralis var. nanus (Stackhouse) Batters 1902
Fucus spiralis var. typicus Børgesen 1902
Fucus spiralis var. nanus (Kjellman) S.M.Baker & Bohling 1916
Fucus spiralis f. arenicola Hamel 1939

Taxonomic notes
Serrão, Alice & Brawley (1999) showed that Atlantic and Pacific populations of this species are conspecific.

Combination also proposed by Bertoloni, 1819, Amoen Ital.:221 [INA] - (7 Jun 2016) - Salvador Valenzuela Miranda

Distributional notes
This species has been introduced into the Mediterranean (Verlaque et al. 2015: 89) being first found at Bassin de Gruissan (France) in 1987. - (4 Nov 2015) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Fucus spiralis Linnaeus)
English: Jelly bags (Dickinson 1963), Spiral wrack (Duddington 1966), Flat wrack (Anonymous 1978), Spiraled Wrack (Bunker & al. 2010).

Gaeilge: Feamuinn Bharr Chladaigh, Feamuinn Bhuilgíneach (Brennan 1950), Casfheamainn (Anonymous 1978).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Catra, M., Alongi, G. & Giaccone, G. (2012). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Phaeophyceae. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 45: 1-508.

De Toni, G.B. (1895). Sylloge algarum omnium hucusque cognitarum. Vol. III. Fucoideae. Vol. 3 pp. [i]-xvi, [1]-638. Patavii [Padua]: Sumptibus auctoris.

Fletcher, R.L. (1987). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Vol. 3. Fucophyceae (Phaeophyceae). Part 1. pp. [i]-x, [1]-359, 90 figs, 15 pls. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Gabrielson, P.W., Widdowson, T.B. & Lindstrom, S.C. (2004). Keys to the seaweeds and seagrasses of Oregon and California. Phycological Contribution 6: [i]-iv, 1-181.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, 109 pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 2 Brunalger (Phaeophyceae) og Grønalger (Chlorophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 8: [1]-476, col. figs and distributional maps.

Spencer, M.A., Irvine, L.M. & Jarvis, C.E. (2009). Typification of Linnaean names relevant to algal nomenclature. Taxon 58: 237-260.

Verlaque, M., Ruitton, S., Mineur, F. & Boudouresque, C.-F. (2015). CIESM atlas of exotic species of the Mediterranean. Macrophytes. pp. [1]-362, many photographs and maps. Monaco: CIESM Publishers.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 30661 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Afonso-Carrillo, J., Sanson, M., Gil-Rodríguez, M.C., Chacana, M. & Reyes, J. (1988). An endophytic Streblonema (Phaeophyta) associated with galls in Fucus spiralis (Phaeophyta) from the Canary Islands. Act. Sim. Int. Bot. Pius Font i Quer 1: 73-76.
Barros-Velázquez, J., Miranda, J.M., Marina Ezquerra-Bauer, J. & Aubourg, S.P. (2016). Impact of icing systems with aqueous, ethanolic and ethanolic-aqueous extracts of alga Fucus spiralis on microbial and biochemical quality of chilled hake (Merlucius merlucius). International Journal of Food Science & Technology 51(9): 2081-2089.
Billard, E., Daguin, C., Pearson, G., Serrão, E., Engel C. & Valero M. (2005). Genetic isolation between three closely related taxa: Fucus vesiculosus, F. spiralis and F. ceranoides (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 41(4): 900-905.
Billard, E., Serrão, E.A., Pearson, G.A., Engel, C.R., Destombe, C. & Valero, M. (2006). Analysis of sexual phenotype and prezygotic fertility in natural populations of Fucus spiralis, F. vesiculosus (Fucaceae, Phaeophyceae) and their putative hybrids. European Journal of Phycology 40(4): 397-407.
Billard, E., Serrão, E.A., Pearson, G.A., Destombe, C. & Valero, M. (2010). Fucus vesiculosus and spiralis complex: a nested model of local adaptation at the shore level. Marine Ecology Progress Series 405: 163-174.
Bond, P.R., Brown, M.T., Moate, R.M., Gledhill, M., Hill, S.J. & Nimmo, M. (1999). Arrested development in Fucus spiralis (Phaeophyceae) germlings exposed to copper. European Journal of Phycology 34: 513-521, 24 figs, 1 table.
Børgesen, F. (1909). Fucus spiralis Linné or Fucus platycarpus Thuret: a question of nomenclature. Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany 39: 105-119, pl. 9.
Cairrao, E., Pereira, M.J., Morgado, F., Nogueira, A.J.A., Guilhermino, L. & Soares, A.M.V.M. (2009). Phenotypic variation of Fucus ceranoides, F. spiralis and F. vesiculosus in a temperate coast (NW Portugal). Botanical Studies 50: 205-215.
Cerantola, S., Breton, F., Ar Gall, E. & Deslandes, E. (2006). Co-occurrence and antioxidant activities of fucol and fucophlorethol classes of polymeric phenols in Fucus spiralis. Botanica Marina 49: 347-351.
Chapman, A. R. O. (1990). Competitive interactions between Fucus spiralis L. and Fucus vesiculosus L. (Fucales, Phaeophyta). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 13: 205-209.
Chapman, A.R.O. (1989). Abundance of Fucus spiralis and ephemeral seaweeds in a high eulittoral zone: effects of grazers, canopy and substratum type. Marine Biology, Berlin 102: 565-572.
Coleman, M.A. & Brawley, S.H. (2005). Are life history characteristics good predictors of genetic diversity and structure? A case study of the intertidal alga Fucus spiralis (Heterokontophyta, Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 41: 753-762.
Costas, E., Aguilera, A., González-Gil, S. & López-Rodas, V. (1994). Early development in Fucus spiralis: analysis of surface glycan moieties and cell differentiation using lectins. Botanica Marina 37: 11-15, 2 figs, 2 tables.
Fries, L. (1977). Growth regulating effects of phenylacetic acid and p -hydroxy-phenylacetic acid on Fucus spiralis L. (Phaeophyceae, Fucales) in axenic culture. Phycologia 16: 451-456.
Fries, L. (1984). Induction of plantlets in axenically cultivated rhizoids of Fucus spiralis. Canadian Journal of Botany 62: 1616-1620.
Fries, L. (1993). Vitamin B12 heterotrophy in Fucus spiralis and Ascophyllum nodosum (fucales, Phaeophyta) in axenic cultures. Botanica Marina 36: 5-7, 2 tables.
Hallet, J.N., Guinel, F. & Lecocq, F-M. (1983). Variations de l'activité mitotique au cours d'un cycle journalier et évolution du contenu en DNA nucléaire dans les territoires meristématiques et différenciés du Fucus spiralis Linné (Fucales, Pheophyceae). Phycologia 22: 325-336, 8 figs, 4 tables.
Hazlett, A. & Seed, R. (1976). A study of Fucus spiralis and its associated fauna in Strangford Lough, Co. Down. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 76B: 607-618.
Hernández, I., Christmas, M., Yelloly, J.M. & Whitton, B.A. (1997). Factors affecting surface alkaline phosphatase activity in the brown alga Fucus spiralis at a North Sea intertidal site. Journal of Phycology 33: 569-575, 9 figs, 1 table.
Hurd, C.L. & Dring, M.J. (1988). Phosphate uptake by Fucus spiralis and Fucus serratus. British Phycological Journal 23: 290.
Kim, B.Y., Park, S.K., Norton, T.A. & Choi, H.G. (2011). Effects of temporary and periodic emersion on the growth of Fucus spiralis and Pelvetia canaliculata germlings. Algae 26(2): 193-200, 6 figs, 3 tables.
López Rodríguez, Mª.C. & Pérez-Cirera, J.L. (1995). Aportación al conocimiento de la influencia de la contaminación industrial en Fucus vesiculosus y Fucus spiralis en el N.O. de la Península Ibérica. Studia Botanica 13: 21-29.
López Rodríguez, Mª.C. & Pérez-Cirera, J.L. (1995). Estudio de la colonización y sucesión de la comunidad de Fucus spiralis L. (Fucaceae, Phaeophyta) en las cercanías de un colector de aguas residuales de la Ría de Pontevedra (N.O. de España). Nova Acta Cientifica Compostelana (Bioloxía) 5: 25-29.
Madsen, T.V. & Maberly, S.C. (1990). A comparison of air and water as environments for photosynthesis by the intertidal alga Fucus spiralis (Phaeophyta). Journal of Phycology 26: 24-30, 6 figs, 1 table.
Margalet, J.L., Almaraz, T., Navarro, M.J. & Pérez-Ruzafa, I.M. (1993). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica. III. Fucus ceranoides L., F. serratus L., F. spiralis L. y F. vesiculosus L. (Fucales, Fucophyceae). Botanica Complutensis 18: 267-290.
Miranda, J.M., Trigo, M., Barros-Velázquez, J. & Aubourg, S. (2016). Effect of an icing medium containing the alga Fucus spiralis on the microbiological activity and lipid oxidation in chilled megrim (Lepidorhombus whiffiagonis). Food Control 59: 290-297.
Munda, I.M. (1986). Differences in heavy metal accumulation between vegetative parts of the thalli and receptacles in Fucus spiralis L.. Botanica Marina 29: 341-349.
Niell, F.X., Jiménez, C. & Fernández, J.A. (1987). The forms of Fucus spiralis L. in the Canary Islands: discriminant and canonical analysis applied to define a new form. Botanica Marina 30: 27-32.
Niemeck, R.A. & Mathieson, A.C. (1976). An ecological study of Fucus spiralis L. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 24: 33-48.
Norris, R.E. & Conway, E. (1974). Fucus spiralis L. in the northeast Pacific. Syesis 7: 79-81.
Pérez-Ruzafa, M. & Gallardo, T. (1997). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. X. Variedades de Fucus spiralis L. y de F. vesiculosus L. (Fucales, Fucophyceae). Botanica Complutensis 21: 121-136.
Perrin, C., Daguin, C., Van de Vliet, M., Engel, C.R., Pearson, G.A., & Serrão,E.A. (2007). Implications of mating system for genetic diversity of sister algal species: Fucus spiralis and Fucus vesiculosus (Heterokontophyta, Phaeophyceae). European Journal of Phycology 42: 219-230.
Powell, H.T. (1960). The typification of Fucus spiralis L. British Phycological Bulletin 2: 17.
Reyes, J. & Sansón, M. (1999). Estudio fenológico de dos poblaciones de Fucus spiralis en Tenerife, Islas Canarias (Fucales, Phaeophyta). Vieraea 27: 53-65.
Robertson, B.L. (1987). Reproductive ecology and canopy structure of Fucus spiralis L.. Botanica Marina 30: 475-482.
Rosa, G.P., Barreto, M.C. & Seca, A.M.L. (2019). Pharmacological effects of Fucus spiralis extracts and phycochemicals: a comprehensive review. Botanica Marina 62(2): 167-178.
Sancholle, M. (1988). Présence de Fucus spiralis (Phaeophyceae) en Méditerranee occidentale. Cryptogamie, Algologie 9: 157-161, 1 photo.
Schonbeck, M.W. & Norton, T.A. (1979). Drought-hardening in the upper-shore seaweeds Fucus spiralis and Pelvetia canaliculata. J. Ecol. 67: 687-696.
Scott, G.W., Hull, S.L., Hornby, S.E., Hardy, F.G. & Owens, N.J.P. (2001). Phenotypic variation in Fucus spiralis (Phaeophyceae): morphology, chemical phenotype and their relationship to the environment. European Journal of Phycology 36: 43-50.
Subrahmanyan, R. (1961). Ecological studies on the Fucales II. Fucus spiralis L.. J. Indian Bot. Soc. 40: 335-354.
Topinka, J.A. & Robbins, J.V. (1976). Effects of nitrate and ammonium enrichment on growth and nitrogen physiology in Fucus spiralis. Limnology and Oceanography 21: 659-664.
Topinka, J.A. (1978). Nitrogen uptake by Fucus spiralis (Phaeophyceae). Journal of Phycology 14: 241-247, 6 figs, 2 tables.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 October 2021.

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