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Himanthalia elongata (Linnaeus) S.F.Gray 1821

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Fucales
Family Himanthaliaceae
Genus Himanthalia


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Himanthalia elongata (Linnaeus) S.F.Gray
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland. 19 Jun 2020. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Himanthalia elongata (Linnaeus) S.F.Gray
lower intertidal, Barizo, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Himanthalia elongata (Linnaeus) S.F.Gray
with Bifurcaria bifurcata, lower intertidal, Barizo, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Himanthalia elongata (Linnaeus) S.F.Gray
Cape Clear Island, Co. Cork, Ireland. 24 Jun 2015. Ger Morgan. © Ger Morgan.

Himanthalia elongata (Linnaeus) S.F.Gray
Ría de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Himanthalia elongata (Linnaeus) S.F.Gray
Himanthalia elongata, lower intertidal, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Himanthalia elongata (Linnaeus) S.F.Gray
Himanthalia elongata, lower intertidal, Ría de Arousa, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Himanthalia elongata (Linnaeus) S.F.Gray
Himanthalia elongata, lower intertidal, Ría de Muros, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Himanthalia elongata (Linnaeus) S.F.Gray
Himanthalia elongata, lower intertidal, Ría de Muros, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Himanthalia elongata (Linnaeus) S.F.Gray
Ría de Camariñas, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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Dictyota ciliolata Sonder ex Kützing

Himanthalia elongata (Linnaeus) S.F.Gray Trá an Dóilín, An Cheathrú Rua, Co. na Gaillimhe; vegetative buttons
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Himanthalia elongata (Linnaeus) S.F.Gray 1821: 389

Published in: Gray, S.F. (1821). A natural arrangement of British plants, according to their relations to each other, as pointed out by Jussieu, De Candolle, Brown, &c. including those cultivated for use; with an introduction to botany, in which the terms newly introduced are explained; illustrated by figures. pp. vol. 1: [i]-xxviii, [1]- 824, pls I-XXI plates. London: Printed for Baldwin, Cradock & Joy, Paternoster-Row.
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Publication date: 1 Nov. 1821

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Himanthalia is Himanthalia lorea (Linnaeus) Lyngbye.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Fucus elongatus Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: Habitat inter Angliam & Hispaniam [Living between England and Spain] (Linnaeus 1753: 1159).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), elongated (Stearn 1985).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus elongatus Linnaeus 1753

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus loreus Linnaeus 1767
Fucus pruniformis Gunnerus 1772
Ulva tomentosa (Hudson) De Candolle 1805
Funicularius tuberculatus Roussel 1806
Himanthalia lorea (Linnaeus) Lyngbye 1819
Himanthalia elongata var. inequalis S.F.Gray 1821

Nomenclatural notes
The combination was also proposed by Setchell (1931: 362).

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Himanthalia lorea (Linnaeus) Lyngbye)
Gaeilge: Ruadhálach, Ruadhánach, Ruabhánach, Ríseach, Raif, Sreanga (Brennan 1950).

(as Himanthalia elongata (Linnaeus) S.F.Gray)
English: Sea thong (Duddington 1966), Thongweed, Buttonweed, Sea Haricots, Sea Spaghetti (Anon. 2000), Thong Weed (Bunker & al. 2010).

French: Spaghetti de Mer (Anon. 2000).

Gaeilge: Ríseach (Anonymous 1978), Ruálach, Ruánach, Imleacán cloch, Raif (Anon. 2000).

German: Riementang (Braune 2008).

Portuguese: Cintas, Cordas, Corriolas (Oliveira, 1990).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cho, G.Y, Rousseau, F., Reviers, B. de & Boo, S.M. (2006). Phylogenetic relationships within the Fucales (Phaeophyceae) assessed by the photosystem I coding psaA sequences. Phycologia 45: 512-519.

Gallardo Garciá, T. & Pérez-Ruzafa, I.M. (2001). Himanthalia Lyngb. In: Flora phycologica iberica Vol. 1 Fucales. (Gómez Garreta, A. Eds) Vol.1, pp. 69-71. Murcia: Universidad de Murcia.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Nielsen, R. & Lundsteen, S. (2019). Danmarks havalger Bind 2 Brunalger (Phaeophyceae) og Grønalger (Chlorophyta). Scientia Danica. Series B, Biologica 8: [1]-476, col. figs and distributional maps.

Setchell, W.A. (1931). Some early algal confusions. University of California Publications in Botany 16: 351-366.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 17 February 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 41788 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Belda, M., Sánchez, D., Bover. E., Prieto, B., Padrón, C., Cejalvo, D. & Lloris, J.M. (2016). Extraction of polyphenols in Himanthalia elongata and determination by high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detector prior to its potential use against oxidative stress. J. Chromatography B-analytical technologies in the Medical and Life Sciences 1033: 334-341.
Belda-Antolí, M., Padrón-Sanz, C., Cejalvo-Lapeña, D., Prieto-Moure, B., Lloris-Cejalvo, J.M., & Lloris-Carsí, J.M. (2017). Antioxidant potential of Himanthalia elongata for protection against ischemia-reperfusion injury in the small bowel. Surgery (United States) 162(3): 577-585.
Cox, S., Gupta, S. & Abu-Ghannam, N. (2011). Application of response surface methodology to study the influence of hydrothermal processing on phytochemical constituents of the Irish edible brown seaweed Himanthalia elongata. Botanica Marina 54(5): 471-480.
Creed, J.C. (1995). Spatial dynamics of a Himanthalia elongata (Fucales, Phaeophyta) population. Journal of Phycology 31: 851-859, 6 figs, 3 tables.
Kitching, J.A. (1987). The flora and fauna associated with Himanthalia elongata (L.) S. F. Gray in relation to water current and wave action in the Lough Hyne marine nature reserve. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 25: 663-676.
Lagos González, V. & Cremades Ugarte, J. (2005). Reclutamiento y distribución espacial de las poblaciones de Himanthalia elongata) (Fucales, Phaeophyta) en la ensenada de Barizo (Malpica, A Coruña). Algas 34: 26.
Lagos, V. & Cremades, J. (2004). Contribución al conocimiento de la biología del alga parda alimentaria Himanthalia elongata (Fucales, Phaeophyta) en las costas de Galicia. Anales de Biología 26: 105-116.
Margalet, J.L. & Navarro, M.J. (1992). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica. II. Ascophyllum nodosum (L.) Le Jolis, Pelvetia canaliculata (L.) Decne. et Thur e Himanthalia elongata (L.) S.F.Gray. Botanica Complutensis 17: 117-132.
Martínez, B., Viejo, R.M., Calvo, S. & Carreño, F. (2009). Habitat model of Himanthalia elongata: Predictions in a warming up scenario. Algas, Bol. Soc. Esp. Ficología 42: 11.
Moss, B. (1952). Variations in chemical composition during the development of Himanthalia elongata (L.) S.F. Gray. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 31: 29-34.
Moss, B. (1958). Observations on the development and cytology of Himanthalia elongata (L.) S.F. Gray. British Phycological Bulletin 1(6): 31-32.
Moss, B. (1969). Apical meristems and growth control in Himanthalia elongata (S. F. Gray). New Phytologist 68: 387-397.
Moss, B., Mercer, S. & Sheader, A. (1973). Factors affecting the distribution of Himanthalia elongata (L.) S. F. Gray on the north-east coast of England. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 1: 233-243.
Niell, F.X. (1984). Variación estacional de la concentración de clorofila a en los tejidos de tres macrófitos intermareales de la ría de Vigo (NO de España): Himanthalia elongata (L.) S.F. Gray, Saccorhiza polyscides (Light.) Batt. y Laminaria ochroleuca Pyl.. Investigacion Pesquera 48(1): 71-102.
Quéguineur, B., Goya, L., Ramos, S., Angeles Martín, M., Mateos, R., Guiry, M.D. & Bravo, L. (2013). Effect of phlorotannin-rich extracts of Ascophyllum nodosum and Himanthalia elongata (Phaeophyceae) on cellular oxidative markers in human HepG2 cells. Journal of Applied Phycology 25(1): 1-11.
Ramon, E. (1973). Germination and attachement of zygotes of Himanthalia elongata (L.) S.F. Gray. Journal of Phycology 9: 445-449.
Reed, R.H., Wright, P.J., Chudek, J.A. & Hunter, G. (1995). Turnover of hexitols in the marine macroalga Himanthalia elongata (Phaeophyta, Fucales). European Journal of Phycology 30: 169-177.
Russell, G. & Wareing, A.-M. (1979). The Herponema velutinum-Himanthalia elongata coincidence. British Phycological Journal 14: 128.
Salgado, J.M. & Niell, F.X. (1974). The structure of a population of epiphytes on Himanthalia elongata. Investigacion Pesquera 38: 305-324.
Stengel, D.B., Wilkes, R.J. & Guiry, M.D. (1999). Seasonal growth and recruitment of Himanthalia elongata (Fucales, Phaeophycota) in different habitats on the Irish west coast. European Journal of Phycology 34: 213-221, 6 figs.
Wright, P.J., Chudek, J.A., Foster, R., Davison, I.R. & Reed, R.H. (1985). The occurrence of altritol in the brown alga Himanthalia elongata. British Phycological Journal 20: 191-192.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 04 August 2021.

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