163,347 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 22,769 images, 62,937 bibliographic items, 479,080 distributional records.

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross 1958

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Fucophycidae
Order Fucales
Family Sargassaceae
Genus Bifurcaria


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Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross
Barizo, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross
Barizo, Galicia, Spain, 2015. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross
lower intertidal, Ria de Ferrol, Galicia, Spain, 2013. Ignacio Bárbara. © Igancio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross
Bifurcaria bifurcata, lower intertidal with Laminaria ochroleuca, South of Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Igancio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross
Bifurcaria bifurcata, lower intertidal, Ría de A. Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Igancio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross
middle intertidal, Ría de Camariñas, Galicia, Spain, 2012. 01 Jan 0001. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross
Collected near Roscoff (F), Dec 1984. 29 Dec 2011. Elmar Wosnitza. © Christine Wosnitza.

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross
North of Spain, 2010. 24 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross
Spain, Galicia, A Coruña, 2009. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross
Black Head. M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

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14 Found - Displaying 1 through 10


Erythropeltis subintegra (Rosenvinge) Kornmann & Sahling

Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross Black Head
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross 1958: 754

Published in: Ross, R. (1958). The type species of Bifurcaria Stackhouse. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 55: 753-754.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Bifurcaria is Bifurcaria tuberculata Stackhouse.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Type information
Type locality: "Prope St Ives in Cornubia" (St Ives, Cornwall, England) (Stackhouse 1809).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), bifurcate.

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus rotundatus Hudson 1762
Fucus tuberculatus Hudson 1778
Fucus bifurcatus Velley 1792
Bifurcaria tuberculata Stackhouse 1809
Pycnophycus tuberculatus (Stackhouse) Kützing 1843
Ascophylla tuberculatum Kuntze 1891

Nomenclatural notes
John et al. (2004) cite the authority for this species as (Velley) R. Ross.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross)
English: Brown Tuning Fork Weed, Brown Forking Weed (Bunker & al. 2010).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cho, G.Y, Rousseau, F., Reviers, B. de & Boo, S.M. (2006). Phylogenetic relationships within the Fucales (Phaeophyceae) assessed by the photosystem I coding psaA sequences. Phycologia 45: 512-519.

Delf, E.M. (1935). Liberation of oogonia in Bifurcaria and other members of the Fucaceae. New Phytologist 34: 245-259, 8 figs.

Gallardo Garciá, T. (2001). Bifurcaria Stackh. In: Flora phycologica iberica Vol. 1 Fucales. (Gómez Garreta, A. Eds), pp. 91-93. Murcia: Universidad de Murcia.

Jensen, A. (1974). Morphological studies in Cystoseiraceae and Sargasaceae (Phaeophyceae) with special reference to apical organization. University of California Publications in Botany 68: 1-61, 23 figs, 16 pls.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 10 January 2020 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 10802 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Culioli, G., Daoudi, M., Ortalo-Magne, A., Valls, R. & Piovetti, L. (2001). (S)-12-hydroxygeranylgeraniol-derived diterpenes from the brown alga Bifurcaria bifurcata. Phytochemistry 57: 529-535.
De Valéra, M. (1962). Some aspects of the problem of the distribution of Bifurcaria bifurcata (Velley) Ross on the shores of Ireland, north of the Shannon Estuary. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy 62B: 77-101.
Fernández, C., Niell, F.X. & Anadón, R. (1983). Comparación de dos comunidades de horizontes intermareales con abundancia de Bifurcaria bifurcata Ros. en las costas N y NO de España. Investigacion Pesquera 47(3): 435-455.
Hardy, F.G. & Moss, B.L. (1979). Notes on the attachment of zygotes and germlings of Bifurcaria bifurcata Ross (Phaeophyceae, Fucales) (Note). Phycologia 18: 164-165.
Le Lann, K., Jégou, C. & Stiger-Pouvreau, V. (2008). Effect of different conditioning treatments on total phenolic content and antioxidant activities in two Sargassacean species: Comparison of the frondose Sargassum muticum (Yendo) Fensholt and the cylindrical Bifurcaria bifurcata R. Ross. Phycological Research 56(4): 238-245.
Le Lann, K., Rumin, J., Cérantola, S., Culioli, G. & Stiger-Pouvreau, V. (2014). Spatiotemporal variations of diterpene production in the brown macroalga Bifurcaria bifurcata from the western coasts of Brittany (France). Journal of Applied Phycology 26: 1207-1214.
Lorenzo, J.M., Agregán, R., Munekata, P.E.S., Franco, D., Carballo, J., Sahin, S., Lacomba, R. & Barba, F.J. (2017). Proximate composition and nutritional value of three macroalgae: Ascophyllum nodosum, Fucus vesiculosus and Bifurcaria bifurcata. Marine Drugs 15, 360: 11 pp.
Margalet, J.L. & Navarro M.J. (1990). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica. I. Bifurcaria bifurcata R.Ross y Halydris siliquosa (L.) Lyngb. Botanica Complutensis 16: 99-107.
Méndez-Sandín, M. & Fernández, C. (2016). Changes in the structure and dynamics of marine assemblages dominated by Bifurcaria bifurcata and Cystoseira species over three decades (1977-2007). Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 175: 46-56.
Miranda, J.M., Trigo, M., Barros-Velázquez, J. & Aubourg, S. (2016). Quality Enhancement of Chilled Fish by Including Alga Bifurcaria bifurcata Extract in the Icing Medium. Food and Bioprocess Technology 9(3): 387-395.
Valls, R., Piovetti, L., Banaigs, B., Archavlis, A. & Pellegrini, M. (1995). (S)-13-hydroxygeranylgeraniol-derived furanoditerpenes from Bifurcaria bifurcata. Phytochemistry 39: 145-149.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 September 2021.

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