Dilsea carnosa (Schmidel) Kuntze 1898

Dilsea carnosa (Schmidel) Kuntze

Dilsea carnosa (Schmidel) KuntzeSpiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; lower-shore lagoon; plants to 200 mm long - 26 March 2005. Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication Details
Dilsea carnosa (Schmidel) Kuntze 1898: 404

Published in: Kuntze, O. (1898). Revisio generum plantarum. Pars III (3). pp. 1-576. Leipzig, London, Milano, New York, Paris: Arthur Felix, Dulau & Co., U. Hoepli, Gust. A. Schechert, Charles Klincksierck.

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Publication date: 28 Sep 1898

Type Species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Dilsea is Dilsea edulis Stackhouse.

Status of Name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus carnosus Schmidel

Type Information
Type locality: Dieppe, Normandy, France; (Schmidel 1794: 75)

Origin of Species Name
Adjective (Latin), fleshy, succulent, soft but firm (Stearn 1973).

General Environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Dark red, frequently becoming yellow above, thickest of the foliose red algae in the N Atlantic, flattened cartilaginous fronds, arising in groups of small, medium and large from an thick, discoid holdfast, obtuse, ovate with tapered base, to 500 mm long, 250 mm broad. Reproducing in the depths of winter.

Habitat
On rock in shady pools, lower intertidal on rock, and shallow subtidal to 25 m, usually on rock in kelp forests; widely distributed, common.

Similar Species
This is the thickest and most cartilaginous of the broad, leaf-like species. Could be confused with Schizymenia dubyi and Kallymenia reniformis, both of which are thinner and softer. Young plants are characteristically ligulate. Palmaria palmata has usually one or more narrow dichotomies and is thinner and more slippery.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry.

Last updated: 17 February 2020

Verification of Data
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Linking to this page: https://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=128

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 17 February 2020. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on 11 August 2022

 
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