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Codium bursa (Linnaeus) C.Agardh 1817

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Bryopsidales
Family Codiaceae
Genus Codium

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Codium bursa (Linnaeus) C.Agardh
  Granada, Spain. 17 Mar 2021.  M. Altamirano. © Maria Altamirano Jeschke .

Codium bursa (Linnaeus) C.Agardh
  Granada, Spain. 17 Mar 2021.  M. Altamirano. © Maria Altamirano Jeschke .

Codium bursa (Linnaeus) C.Agardh
  Granada, Spain. 17 Mar 2021.  M. Altamirano. © Maria Altamirano Jeschke .

Codium bursa (Linnaeus) C.Agardh
  Granada, Spain. 17 Mar 2021.  M. Altamirano. © Maria Altamirano Jeschke .

Codium bursa (Linnaeus) C.Agardh
Leitir Calaidh, Co. na Gaillimhe, Ireland; shallow water on rock. 24 Apr 2019. Lin Baldock. © Lin Baldock.

Codium bursa (Linnaeus) C.Agardh
Leitir Calaidh, Co. na Gaillimhe, Ireland; shallow water on rock. Lin Baldock. © Lin Baldock.

Codium bursa (Linnaeus) C.Agardh
Denia, Alicante, Spain. 02 Nov 2014. Isabel Rubio Perez. © marmenormarmayor.es.

Codium bursa (Linnaeus) C.Agardh
upper subtidal, Marseille, France, 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Codium bursa (Linnaeus) C.Agardh
upper subtidal, Marseille, France, 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Codium bursa (Linnaeus) C.Agardh
subtidal (17 m depth), over maërl, South of Portugal, 2008. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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Staurosirella pinnata (Ehrenberg) D.M.Williams & Round

Codium bursa (Linnaeus) C.Agardh   Granada, Spain
© Maria Altamirano Jeschke

Publication details
Codium bursa (Linnaeus) C.Agardh 1817: xxiv

Published in: Agardh, C.A. (1817). Synopsis algarum Scandinaviae, adjecta dispositione universali algarum. pp. [i]-xl, [1]-135. Lundae [Lund]: Ex officina Berlingiana.
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Publication date: Mai-Dec 1817 (p. vii: i Mai 1817)

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Codium is Codium tomentosum Stackhouse.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: "in O. Europaeo." (Silva & al. 1996: 898).

Origin of species name
Noun (Latin), A genus name used by C. Bauhin; also a purse; originally an oxhide, animal skin (Newton 1931).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus 1758
Lamarckia bursa (Linnaeus) Olivi 1792
Fucus bursa (Linnaeus) Turner 1809
Myrsidrum bursa (Linnaeus) Rafinesque 1810
Agardhia bursa (Linnaeus) Ant.Cabrera 1823

Nomenclatural notes
The type of Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus was considered to be the basionym for a sponge, Weberella bursa (L.) (M. Spencer-Jones in Spencer, Irvine & Jarvis (2009: 239). However, Van Soest & Plotkin (2021: 196) concluded "(a) Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus, 1758 is NOT the basionym for a sponge, as Linnaeus's references do not contain any recognisable sponge. (b) The sole extant original material is NOT an illustration in Ellis (1755), because this is preceded by a clearly different illustration in J. Bauhinus (1651), volume III, page 794. It is illogical and unreasonable to select Linnaeus's fourth reference in preference over the first reference (and two additional supporting references). (c) The illustrations in plate 17, figs B,C,D in Ellis (1755) depict clearly a tunicate, NOT a sponge. The statement of Spencer et al. (2009) cited above is thus contradictory. (d) The correct authorship for Codium bursa would seem to be Linnaeus, 1758, not Olivi, 1792. Olivi's authorship was erroneously promoted under ICBN Art. 58.1, because the basionym was assigned to a metazoan (either sponge or tunicate) based on an unsupported personal communication. (e) The true author for the sponge Weberella bursa is Vosmaer, 1885, and his specimens represent the type material." - (28 May 2008) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Codium bursa (Linnaeus) C.Agardh)
English: Green Sponge Ball (Bunker & al. 2010).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Brodie, J., Maggs, C.A. & John, D.M. (2007). Green seaweeds of Britain and Ireland. pp. [i-v], vi-xii, 1-242, 101 figs. London: British Phycological Society.

Burrows, E.M. (1991). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 2. Chlorophyta. pp. [i]-xi, [1]-238, 60 figs, 9 pls. London: Natural History Museum Publications.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Nizamuddin, M. (1991). The green marine algae of Libya. pp. 1-230. Bern: El-Faateh University, Department of Botany.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Sfriso, A. (2011). Chlorophyta multicellulari e fanerogame acquatiche. Ambiente di transizione italiani e litorali adiacenti. pp. [1]-318, pls 1-94. Bologna: Arpa Emilia-Romagna.

Van Soest, R.W.M. & Plotkin, A. (2021). Alcyonium bursa Linnaeus, 1758 is not a sponge. Zootaxa 4951(1): 193-200, 3 figs.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 09 April 2021 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 11231 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Jurd, K., Rogers, D.J. & McLellan, D.S. (1992). Anticoagulant activities from Codium bursa and C. vermilara. British Phycological Journal 27: 95.
Vidondo, B. & Duarte, C.M. (1998). Population, structure, dynamics, and production of the Mediterranean macroalga Codium bursa (Chlorophyceae). Journal of Phycology 34: 918-924, 7 figs.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=45

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2021. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 June 2021.

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