Centroceras illaqueans C.W.Schneider, Cianciola & Popolizio 2015
Centroceras illaqueans C.W.Schneider, Cianciola & Popolizio 2015: 29, 30, figs 4D, 7
Published in: Schneider, C.W., Ciancola, E.N., Popolizio, T.R., Spagnuolo, D.S. & Lane, C .E. (2015). A molecular-assisted alpha taxonomic study of the genus Centroceras (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyte) in Bermuda reveals two novel species. Algae 30(1): 15-33.
Publication date: 2015
Status of Name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.
Holotype locality: Capt. William's Bay, Bermuda Is. (32°18'09.3" N, 64°44'22.4" W), Bermuda, western Atlantic Ocean; (Schneider & al. 2015: 30) Holotype: Schneider/ Lane 09-2-9; March 15, 2009; tidal pool, rocky point south of beach; MICH; (Schneider & al. 2015: 30, fig. 7A) Notes: Isotypes: KIRI, NY, US, Herb. CWS. GenBank Nos. KP222781, KP222802.
Origin of Species Name
Participle (Latin), entrapping (Schneider & al. 2015).
This is a marine species.
Plants light rosy-red, with prostrate and erect axes 140-210 µm in diam. and to 2 cm tall (Schneider et al. 2015: fig. 6A); branching pattern pseudodichotomous, rarely with a branch forming in the notches of main branches at apices (Schneider et al. 2015: fig. 6B); branches forming at intervals of 11-12 axial cells on the main axes, branches erect with straight to slightly forcipate apices (Schneider et al. 2015: fig. 6B); adventitious branches occasionally developing from periaxial cells in lower portions; uniseriate, multicellular rhizoids issued in profusion from prostrate axes and lower portions of erect axes; 0-3 straight, 2-celled spines formed at axial cell nodes and in the notches of branches, one almost always found in notches of dichotomous branches, 12-14 µm diam. and 33-39 µm long (Schneider et al. 2015: fig. 6D); distal ends of axial cells cutting off 10-12 periaxial cells, these remaining at the nodes during axial cell elongation (Schneider et al. 2015: fig. 6C); except for the first abaxial periaxial cell, periaxial cells cutting off two cortical initials acropetally and one basipetally (Schneider et al. 2015: fig. 8D); the first cortical initial cutting off one spine and one elongate cortical cell, one gland cell and one elongate cortical cell, or two elongate cortical cells; the second cortical initial cutting off one elongate acropetal cortical cell and one basipetal cortical filament; the third cortical initial cutting off one basipetal filament; basipetal filaments made up of 8-9 cortical cells in tiered files, the cells isodiametric to short rectangular in surface view, the smallest 7-8 µm diam. and 10-13 µm long, the largest 5-14 µm diam. and 20-25 µm long, these completely corticating axial cells from node to node (Schneider et al. 2015: fig. 6D & E); gland cells ovoid; gametangia and tetrasporangia not seen.
Created: 20 April 2015 by G.M. Guiry.
Last updated: 05 October 2015
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Linking to this page: https://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=154645
Cite this record as:
Craig Schneider in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 05 October 2015. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. https://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 August 2022