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Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Hildenbrandiophycidae
Order Hildenbrandiales
Family Hildenbrandiaceae
Genus Hildenbrandia


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Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini
Claddagh, Galway, Ireland; with Elminius modestus, a barnacle. 27 Jan 2008. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini
Claddagh, Galway, Ireland; thin plants in the high shore with barnacles. 27 Jan 2008. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; pools at MHWN. 18 Apr 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; plants on granite in upper-shore pools. 26 Mar 2005. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; plants on granite in upper-shore pool. 26 Mar 2005. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini
Doctor's Bay, Co. Down. J5962. 13th March 1976. Coll. O.Morton. Det. L.M.Irvine. Ulster Museum No. F1319; with Hildenbrandia crouaniorum (lighter patches). Bernard Picton. © Bernard Picton (Bernard.Picton@magni.org.uk).

Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini
Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick, Canada. Colin Bates (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca). © Coastal Imageworks (colinba@interchange.ubc.ca).

Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini
Spain, Galicia, A Coruña, Ártabra, 2005, intertidal; note colour dry (top) and wet (bottom). Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; in pool with periwinkles. 31 Aug 2008. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

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19 Found - Displaying 11 through 19


Ceramium elegans var. fastigiatum Celan & Serbanescu

Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini Northern California
© Wendell Wood (ww@oregonwild.org)

Publication details
Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini 1841: 426 (as 'Hildenbrandtia' )

Published in: Meneghini, G. (1841). [Algologia Dalmatica]. In: Sezione di botanica, e fisiologia vegetabile. Adunanza del dì 16 Settembre 1841. In: Atti della Terza Riunione degli Scienziati Italiani, tenuta in Firenze nel Settembre del 1841. (Savi, P. Eds), pp. 417-436. Firenze: Galileiana.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Hildenbrandia is Hildenbrandia prototypus Nardo.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Verrucaria rubra Sommerfelt

Type information
Type locality: Hab. in lapidibus a fluxu maris inundatis ad litora Nordlandiae frequenter [Nordland, Norway] (Sommerfelt 1826: 140). Lectotype: O (Irvine & Pueschel 1994: 240). Notes: According to Irvine & Pueschel (1994: the lectotype: is from Norway (Saltdal). Sherwood & Sheath (2003: 411) give the following data: Holotype: Yaltdalen. Sommerfelt (vii. 1822); in O (no number given).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), red (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Verrucaria rubra Sommerfelt 1826

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Hildenbrandia prototypus Nardo 1834
Hildenbrandia nardiana Zanardini 1839
Hildenbrandia nardoi Zanardini 1840
Hildenbrandia nardii Zanardini 1840
Hildenbrandia nardii Zanardini 1840
Hildenbrandia rosea Kützing 1843
Hildenbrandia sanguinea Kützing 1843
Rhododermis drummondii Harvey 1844
Hildenbrandia rosea var. fuscescens Caspary 1871

Habitat notes
Epilithic on pebbles mixed with maërl; depth range: 2-6 m (Peña & Bárbara 2010). Growing on pebbles associated with maerl beds; depth: 19 m (Pena & Bárbara, 2013). - (4 May 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Hildenbrandia rubra (Sommerfelt) Meneghini)
Swedish: Havsstenhinna (Tolstoy & Österlund 2003).

Rose-red or brownish-red crusts, 0.2-0.5 mm thick, of indefinite extent, closely adherent to substrate, without rhizoids; without surface markings.

On rocks and stones at all tidal levels, often in splash zone in caves, and subtidal, widely distributed, extemely abundant, particularly in upper shore where it appears to be very tolerant to extremes of temperature, light and salinity.

Key characteristics
Thin, extensive crust with irregular outlines; only red crust that grows on rock in the upper half of the shore.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G. & Alongi, G. (2017). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Rhodophyta (Rhodymeniophycidae escluse). Bollettino Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania 50(380): 1-391, 53 pls.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Irvine, L.M. & Pueschel, C.M. (1994). Hildenbrandiales. In: Seaweeds of the British Isles Volume 1 Rhodophyta Part 2B. (Irvine, L.M. & Chamberlain, Y.M. Eds) Vol.1(2B), pp. 235-241. London: HMSO.

Klochkova, N.G., Korolyova, T.N. & Kusidi, A.E. (2009). [Atlas of marine algae of Kamchatka and surrounding areas. Vol. 2. Red seaweeds]. pp. 1-301. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: KamchatNIRO Press. [in Russian]

Lindeberg, M.R. & Lindstrom, S.C. (2010). Field guide to the seaweeds of Alaska. pp. [i-]iii-iv, 1-188, numerous col. photographs. Fairbanks: Alaska Sea Grant College Program.

Mathieson, A.C. & Dawes, C.J. (2017). Seaweeds of the Northwest Atlantic. pp. [i]-x, 1-798, CIX pls. Amherst & Boston: University of Massachusetts Press.

Pedersen, P.M. (2011). Grønlands havalger. pp. [1] 7-208. Copenhagen: Forlaget Epsilon.DK.

Peña, V. & Bárbara, I (2013). Non-coralline crustose algae associated with maerl beds in Portugal: a re-appraisal of their diversity in the Atlantic Iberian beds. Botanica Marina 56(5/6): 481-493.

Peña,V. & Bárbara, I. (2010). New records of crustose seaweeds associated with subtidal maërl beds and gravel bottoms in Galicia (NW Spain). Botanica marina 53: 41-62.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2007). The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 132: 1-350.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1994). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIA - Bangiophyceae and Florideophyceae (Acrochaetiales, Nemaliales, Gelidiales, Hildenbrandiales and Gigartinales sensu lato). pp. 1-508, 167 figs, 4 pls, 4 maps. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2004). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus II Rhodophyta No. III Gelidiales Cryptonemiales Hildenbrandiales. pp. [i]-xxi, 1-203, pls I-XIII. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese]

Created: 30 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 19 December 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 16801 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Kim, K.Y. & Garbary, D.J. (2006). Fluorescence responses of photosynthesis to extremes of hyposalinity, freezing and desiccation in the intertidal crust Hildenbrandia rubra (Hildebrandiales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 45(6): 680-686, 7 figs.
Pueschel, C.M. (1988). Cell sloughing and chloroplast inclusions in Hildenbrandia rubra (Rhodophyta, Hildenbrandiales). British Phycological Journal 23: 17-23.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 September 2019.

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