Gymnothamnion J., 1892
Holotype species: Gymnothamnion elegans (Schousboe ex C.Agardh) J.Agardh
Original publication and holotype designation: Agardh, J.G. (1892). Analecta algologica. Acta Universitatis Lundensis 28(6): 1-182, 3 pls.
Taxonomic status: currently recognized as a distinct genus.
Most recent taxonomic treatment adopted: Schneider, C.W. & Wynne, M.J. (2007). A synoptic review of the classification of red algal genera a half a century after Kylin's "Die Gattungen der Rhodophyceen". Botanica Marina 50: 197-249.
Description: Thallus prostrate and erect, branching opposite-distichous with irregular short and long branchlets, axes ecorticate, apical cell transversely divided. Cells uninucleate. Procarps subterminal on lateral branches, carpogonial branch 4-celled. Auxiliary cell, cut off from supporting cell leading to carposporophyte with irregularly elongate groups of carposporangia. Involucre lacking. Spermatangia in corymbose heads. Tetrasporangia single, terminal on branchlets, tetrahedrally divided.
Information contributed by: E.M. Wollaston. The most recent alteration to this page was made on 24 Jan 2017 by M.D. Guiry.
Comments: Relationships uncertain, affinities with Ptiloteae and Antithamnieae noted (vide Kajimura 1989). Not common, but widespread including Mediterranean, Atlantic ocean, Japan, usually in warm seas often on rock and corals protected from exposure.
Numbers of names and species: There are 4 species names in the database at present, as well as 1 infraspecific names. Of the species names, 3 have been flagged as accepted taxonomically on the basis of the listed literature under the species name. In some instances, opinions on taxonomic validity differ from author to author and users are encouraged to form their own opinion. AlgaeBase is a work in progress and should not be regarded as a definitive source only as a guide to the literature..
Names: ('C' indicates a name that is accepted taxonomically; 'S' a homotypic or heterotypic synonym; 'U' indicates a name of uncertain taxonomic status, but which has been subjected to some verification nomenclaturally; 'P' indicates a preliminary AlgaeBase entry that has not been subjected to any kind of verification. For more information on a species click on it to activate a link to the Species database):
Click here to also show infraspecific names in the list below.
Wynne, M.J. & Schneider, C.W. (2010). Addendum to the synoptic review of red algal genera. Botanica Marina 53: 291-299.
Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.
Some of the descriptions included in AlgaeBase were originally from the unpublished Encyclopedia of Algal Genera, organised in the 1990s by Dr Bruce Parker on behalf of the Phycological Society of America (PSA) and intended to be published in CD format. These AlgaeBase descriptions are now being continually updated, and each current contributor is identified above. The PSA and AlgaeBase warmly acknowledge the generosity of all past and present contributors and particularly the work of Dr Parker.
Descriptions of chrysophyte genera were subsequently published in J. Kristiansen & H.R. Preisig (eds.). 2001. Encyclopedia of Chrysophyte Genera. Bibliotheca Phycologica 110: 1-260.
Created: 31 December 2000 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 24 January 2017 by M.D. Guiry
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/genus/detail/?genus_id=33299
Please cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 12 November 2018.