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Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Cystocloniaceae
Genus Calliblepharis

Pictures

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Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing
Calliblepharis jubata, lower intertidal, Ría de A Coruña, Galicia, Spain, 2013, Ignacio Bárbara. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing
Galicia, Ría de Vigo, 2011, subtidal. 24 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing
Portugal, North of Viana, 2009. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing
microscope, TS frond showing cortex and medulla and floridean starch grains and pit connections; Spain, Galicia, Ría de Ortigueira, 2006. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing
Dog's Bay, Roundstone, Co. Galway, Ireland; plants at low water on sandy rocks. 27 Apr 2006. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing
New Quay, Co. Clare, Ireland; plants at MLWS. 29 Mar 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland; lower-shore pools; with stalked anemone. 11 Aug 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland; lower-shore pools; to 120 mm long. 11 Aug 2002. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

 

Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland; lower-shore pools; to 120 mm long
© Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing 1843: 404

Published in: Kützing, F.T. (1843). Phycologia generalis oder Anatomie, Physiologie und Systemkunde der Tange. Mit 80 farbig gedruckten Tafeln, gezeichnet und gravirt vom Verfasser. pp. [part 1]: [i]-xxxii, [1]-142, [part 2:] 143-458, 1, err.], pls 1-80. Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus.
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Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Calliblepharis.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus ciliatus Hudson

Type information
Type locality: England (Dixon & Irvine 1977: 193). Lectotype: An unlocalised, undated Hudson specimen accepted provisionally as of lectotype status (Dixon & Irvine 1977: 193).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), ciliate (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus ciliatus Hudson 1762
Sarcophylla ciliata (Hudson) Stackhouse 1816
Rhodymenia ciliata (Hudson) Greville 1830

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Ciliaria latifolia Stackhouse 1809
Calliblepharis ciliata f. angusta Holmes & Batters 1890

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Calliblepharis ciliata (Hudson) Kützing)
English: Beautiful Eyelash, Red Fringed Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Description
Flattened, subcartilaginous, purple-red fronds, to 300 mm long and 20-70 mm wide, lanceolate or forked, irregularly pinnate; when mature (in summer), the margins and the surface are covered with short, stiff proliferations. Short cylindrical stipe arises from creeping, branched holdfast.

Habitat
Larger lower intertidal pools and subtidal (0-25 m) on stones, maerl and shells, widely distributed, common in south and west, sometimes frequent in drift; occasionally abundant on bedrock below the lower limit of kelp.

Similar species
Calliblepharis jubata is narrower (to 10 mm); its marginal outgrowths are long, branched and entangled, and it is mainly intertidal.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M. (1977). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 1. Introduction, Nemaliales, Gigartinales. pp. [i]-xi, [1]-252, 90 figs. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Funk, G. (1955). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Meeresalgen von Neapel: Zugleich mikrophotographischer Atlas. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 25(Suppl.): i-x , 1-178, 36 figs.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Papenfuss, G.F. (1964). Catalogue and bibliography of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic benthic marine algae. In: Antarctic Research Series. Volume 1. Bibliography of the Antarctic Seas. (Lee, M.O. Eds), pp. 1-76. Washington D.C.: American Geophysical Union.

Created: 30 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 06 February 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 8687 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Molenaar, F.J., Venekamp, L.A.H. & Breeman, A.M. (1996). Life-history regulation in the subtidal red alga Calliblepharis ciliata. European Journal of Phycology 31: 241-247, 5 figs, 3 tables.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=11

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 April 2019.

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