153,585 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,980 images, 59,387 bibliographic items, 411,011 distributional records.

Penicillus capitatus Lamarck

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Bryopsidales
Family Udoteaceae
Genus Penicillus

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Penicillus capitatus Lamarck
en su hábitat natural, en la zona Habana-Matanzas. Foto: Ángel Fernández..

Penicillus capitatus Lamarck
Boheydulang, Sabah Reef Slope 15m. 20 Jan 2012. Russell Kelley. © Russell Kelley (www.byoguides.com).

Penicillus capitatus Lamarck
Boheydulang, Sabah Reef Slope 15m. 20 Jan 2012. Russell Kelley. © Russell Kelley (www.byoguides.com).

Penicillus capitatus Lamarck
Lower reef slope, inter-reefal, 22m, east Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef. 20 Jan 2012. Russell Kelley. © Russell Kelley (www.byoguides.com).

Penicillus capitatus Lamarck
Lower reef slope, inter-reefal, 22m, east Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef. 20 Jan 2012. Russell Kelley. © Russell Kelley (www.byoguides.com).

 

Stypocaulon durum (Ruprecht) Okamura

Penicillus capitatus Lamarck Boheydulang, Sabah Reef Slope 15m
© Russell Kelley (www.byoguides.com)

Publication details
Penicillus capitatus Lamarck 1813: 299

Published in: Lamarck, [J.B.P.A.] de (1813). Sur les polypiers empâtés. Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 20: 294-312, 370-386, 432-458.
 Download PDF

Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Penicillus.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), with a knob-like head or tip (Stearn 1973).

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Corallina penicillus Linnaeus 1758
Coralliodendron penicillus (Linnaeus) Kützing 1841
Espera mediterranea Decaisne 1842
Corallocephalus penicillus (Linnaeus) Kützing 1843
Penicillus mediterraneus (Decaisne) Thuret 1892
Penicillus capitatus f. mediterranea (Decaisne) P.Huvé & H.Huvé 1964

Distributional notes
Extensive meadows found in La Palma may be related to recent increases in sea water temperature and tropicalization of the marine flora and fauna of the Canary Islands detected during the past decade (Sangil et al. 2010). - (7 Oct 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Bito, A., Vera, B., Ardito, S. & Farci, G, (2016). Penicillus dumentosus (Lamouroux) Blainville f. expansus Börgesen y Penicillus lamourouxii Decaisne (Chlorophyta, Udoteaceae) nuevos registros para la costa Venezolana. Acta Cientifica Venezolana (Botánica) 67(1): 87-97.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., & Alongi, G. (2014). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Chlorophyta. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali di Catania 47: 11-436.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Kooistra, W.H.C.F. (2002). Molecular phylogenies of Udoteaceae (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) reveal nonmonophyly for Udotea, Penicillus and Chlorodesmis. Phycologia 41: 453-462.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Silva, P.C. (1955). The dichotomous species of Codium in Britain. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 34: 565-577, 5 figs, 1 plate.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Created: 08 September 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 31 July 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5054 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Cinelli, F. & Salghetti-Drioli, U. (1983). Observations en plonge sur les peuplements a Penicillus capitatus et sur la floraison de Posidonia oceanica de l'ile d'Elbe (Mediterranee occidentale). Rapp Comm int Mer Médit 28: 8.
Huvé, P. & Huvé, H. (1964). A propos de Penicillus capitatus Lamarck, forma mediterranea (Decaisne) comb. nov. (Caulerpale, Udotéacée). Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 4: 99-111.
Meinesz, A. (1972). Sur la croissance et le développement du Penicillus capitatus Lamarck forma mediterranea (Decaisne) P. et H. Huvé (Caulerpale, Udoteacée). Compte Rendu Hebdomadaire des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences. Paris. Série D 275: 667-669.
Meinesz, A. (1975). Premières observations sur la reproduction du Penicillus capitatus Lamarck forma mediterranea (Decaisne) P. et H. Huvé (Caulerpale, Udoteacée). An. Mus. Hist. Nat. Nice 3: 19-20.
Sangil, C., Sanson, M., Afonso-Carillo, J. & Martin-Garcia, L. (2010). Extensive off-shore meadows of Penicillus capitatus (Udoteaceae, Chlorophyta) in the Canary Islands (eastern Atlantic Ocean). Botanica Marina 53(2): 183-187.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=1138

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 15 November 2018.

SITE © 1996 - 2018 M.D. Guiry. All rights reserved.

Website Design : 249 Design Studio