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Pseudocodium floridanum Dawes & A.C.Mathieson

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Bryopsidales
Family Pseudocodiaceae
Genus Pseudocodium

Pictures

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Pseudocodium floridanum Dawes & A.C.Mathieson
KwaZulu-Natal. Heroen Verbruggen. © Heroen Verbruggen (heroen.verbruggen@gmail.com).

 

Myriogramme prostrata (E.Y.Dawson, Neushul & Wildman) M.J.Wynne

Pseudocodium floridanum Dawes & A.C.Mathieson KwaZulu-Natal
© Heroen Verbruggen (heroen.verbruggen@gmail.com)

Publication details
Pseudocodium floridanum Dawes & A.C.Mathieson 1972: 273, figs 1-6

Published in: Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (1972). A new species of Pseudocodium (Chlorophyta, Siphonales) from the west coast of Florida. Phycologia 11: 273-277.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Pseudocodium is Pseudocodium devriesii Weber Bosse.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
(Latin), of or from the state of Florida (Dawes & Mathieson 2008).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Thallus upright, to 10 cm high, anchored in sandy substratum by a well-developed tuft of rhizoids, bright green in colour; axes cylindrical, to 5 mm wide near the base, gradually attenuating toward the apices, dichotomously to somewhat irregularly branched, unconstricted; apices rounded. Thalli composed of longitudinally arranged interwoven and irregularly swollen medullary siphons, 50-110 µm wide, giving rise to a single layer of peripheral utricles; utricles polygonal in surface view, with a broadly rounded apex, distinctively broader than high in transverse section, (143-) 248-310 (-365) µm in diameter and (177-) 187-215 (-225) µm high, adhering laterally to neighbouring utricles except at the corners; utricle stipe eccentric. Chloroplasts and amyloplasts absent from utricles and confined to the medullary siphons. Reproductive structures immersed in the thallus, produced laterally from medullary siphons close to the base of the utricle stipe, spherical to ellipsoidal in shape, 80-120 µm in diameter, lacking a basal cross wall separating them from the rest of the thallus (Dawes & Mathieson 1972).

Type information
Type locality: 38 nautical miles west of Egmont Key, mouth of Tampa Bay, Florida (Dawes & Mathieson 1972: 273). Holotype: C.J. Dawes No. 6280A; 1.viii.1967; dredged from 37 m. University of South Florida, Tampa (Dawes & Mathieson 1972: 273).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

De Clerck, O., Verbruggen, H., Huisman, J.M., Faye, E.J., Leliaert, F., Schils, T. & Coppejans, E. (2008). Systematics and biogeography of the genus Pseudocodium (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta), including the description of P. natalense sp. nov. from South Africa. Phycologia 47: 225-235.

Lam, D.W. & Zechman, F.W. (2006). Phylogenetic analyses of the Bryopsidales (Ulvophyceae, Chlorophyta) based on RUBISCO large subunit gene sequences. Journal of Phycology 42: 669-678.

Created: 05 July 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 30 June 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1207 times since it was created.

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Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=11623

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 November 2018.

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