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Porolithon onkodes (Heydrich) Foslie

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Corallinophycidae
Order Corallinales
Family Porolithaceae
Subfamily Porolithoideae
Genus Porolithon

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Porolithon onkodes (Heydrich) Foslie
Atlantic North of Spain, 2008. 24 Dec 2016. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Porolithon onkodes (Heydrich) Foslie
Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Porolithon onkodes (Heydrich) Foslie
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 5 m deep. 03 Dec 2004. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Porolithon onkodes (Heydrich) Foslie
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 3 m deep at outer reef edge. 19 Nov 2002. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Porolithon onkodes (Heydrich) Foslie
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 5 m deep at outer reef edge. 19 Nov 2002. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Porolithon onkodes (Heydrich) Foslie
Hawaii; scale 10 mm. 01 Jul 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Porolithon onkodes (Heydrich) Foslie
Scott Reef, Western Australia. 25 May 2011. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).

Porolithon onkodes (Heydrich) Foslie
Hydrolithon onkodes Cakaulevu Reef Plants. 08 Dec 2004. Peter Skelton. © ORDA and Peter Skelton (skeltonp@bigpond.net.au).

 

Ulothrix pseudoflacca f. minor Wille

Hydrolithon onkodes (Heydrich) Penrose & Woelkerling Palau Islands, West Pacific, 3 m deep at outer reef edge
© Palau International Coral Reef Center

Publication details
Porolithon onkodes (Heydrich) Foslie 1909: 57

Published in: Foslie, M. (1909). Algologiske notiser VI. Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter 1909(2): 1-63.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Porolithon.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Lithothamnion onkodes Heydrich

Type information
Type locality: Tami Island, Gulf of Huon, Papua New Guinea (Woelkerling 1998: 357). Lectotype: Bamler; March 1892; TRH A26-1494; Heydrich no. 97; designated by Adey et al., 1982: 9 (Woelkerling 1998: 357). Notes: Isolectotype: PC, unnumbered, General Herbarium box collection (non-fossil; filed in non-geniculate coralline type collections cabinet under basionym).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Lithothamnion onkodes Heydrich 1897
Goniolithon onkodes (Heydrich) Foslie 1898
Lithophyllum onkodes (Heydrich) Heydrich 1901
Spongites onkodes (Heydrich) Penrose & Woelkerling 1988
Hydrolithon onkodes (Heydrich) Penrose & Woelkerling 1992

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Porolithon cocosicum Me.Lemoine 1930

Taxonomic notes
See Maneveldt et al. (2014) for generic placement. - (31 Dec 2014) - M.D. Guiry

Gabrielson et al. (2018), based on DNA sequencing, show that at least 20 distinct species are passing under P. onkodes. All of the species placed in synonymy under P. onkodes by Maneveldt & Keats (2014) based on morpho-anatomy are distinct species based on DNA sequencing of their type specimens. - (12 Oct 2018) - Wendy Guiry

Distributional notes
Based on DNA sequencing Porolithon onkodes is known only from its type locality, Tami Islands, Gulf of Huon and from Fiji (Gabrielson et al. 2018). - (1 Mar 2019) - Paul Gabrielson

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Gabrielson, P.W., Hughey, J.R. & Diaz-Pulido G. (2018). Genomics reveals abundant speciation in the coral reef building alga Porolithon onkodes (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) (Letter). Journal of Phycology 54(4): 429-434.

Maneveldt, G.W. & Keats, D.W. (2014). Taxonomic review based on new data of the reef-building alga Porolithon onkodes (Corallinaceae, Corallinales, Rhodophyta) along with other taxa found to be conspecific. Phytotaxa 190(1): 216-249, 67 fig., 2 tables.

Created: 12 September 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 01 March 2019 by Paul Gabrielson

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2310 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Gabrielson, P.W., Hughey, J.R. & Diaz-Pulido G. (2018). Genomics reveals abundant speciation in the coral reef building alga Porolithon onkodes (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) (Letter). Journal of Phycology 54(4): 429-434.
Maneveldt, G.W. & Keats, D.W. (2014). Taxonomic review based on new data of the reef-building alga Porolithon onkodes (Corallinaceae, Corallinales, Rhodophyta) along with other taxa found to be conspecific. Phytotaxa 190(1): 216-249, 67 fig., 2 tables.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=1168

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Paul Gabrielson in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 May 2019.

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