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Rhodymenia palmata (Linnaeus) Greville

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Rhodymeniales
Family Rhodymeniaceae
Genus Rhodymenia

Pictures

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Rhodymenia palmata (Linnaeus) Greville
Dulse harvester Wanda Vantassel (Fundy Dulse) on the shore on Digby Neck, Nova Scotia (with permission).. 02 Jun 2012. David J. Garbary. © David J. Garbary.

Rhodymenia palmata (Linnaeus) Greville
Silver Strand, Galway Bay, Ireland; spermatangial sori. 05 Apr 2012. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Rhodymenia palmata (Linnaeus) Greville
Silver Strand, Galway Bay, Ireland; spermatangial sori. 05 Apr 2012. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Rhodymenia palmata (Linnaeus) Greville
Silver Strand, Galway Bay, Ireland; spermatangial plant. 05 Apr 2012. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Rhodymenia palmata (Linnaeus) Greville
Silver Strand, Galway Bay, Ireland; spermatangial plant. 05 Apr 2012. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Rhodymenia palmata (Linnaeus) Greville
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; small plants starting to form tetrasporangial sori . 29 Mar 2012. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mikeguiry@me.com).

Rhodymenia palmata (Linnaeus) Greville
Spiddal, Co. Galway, Ireland; regenerating and starting to form tetrasporangial sori . 29 Mar 2012. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mikeguiry@me.com).

Rhodymenia palmata (Linnaeus) Greville
Digby Neck, Nova Scotia; dulse harvesting site being monitored. 21 Feb 2012. Andrea Flynn. © Andrea Flynn.

Rhodymenia palmata (Linnaeus) Greville
Collected near Roscoff (F), December 1984. 29 Dec 2011. Elmar Wosnitza. © Christine Wosnitza.

Rhodymenia palmata (Linnaeus) Greville
tetrasporophytic plant TS, Brittany, France, 2011. 24 Oct 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

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Palmaria palmata (Linnaeus) F.Weber & D.Mohr tetrasporophytic plant TS, Brittany, France, 2011
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Rhodymenia palmata (Linnaeus) Greville 1830: xlix, 93 (as 'Rhodomenia' )

Published in: Greville, R.K. (1830). Algae britannicae, or descriptions of the marine and other inarticulated plants of the British islands, belonging to the order Algae; with plates illustrative of the genera. pp. [i*-iii*], [i]-lxxxviii, [1]-218, pl. 1-19. Edinburgh & London: McLachlan & Stewart; Baldwin & Cradock.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Rhodymenia is Rhodymenia palmetta (Stackhouse) Greville.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Palmaria palmata (Linnaeus) F.Weber & D.Mohr

Basionym
Fucus palmatus Linnaeus

Type information
Type locality: ""Ad oras atlantica"" (Linnaeus 1753: 1162). Lectotype: L 910.184.2889 (Irvine & Guiry 1983: 68). Notes: Linnaeus's description was taken from Van Royen (1740) and a lectotype has been selected from his herbarium (which Linnaeus examined).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), lobed or divided in the manner of an outspread hand with the sinuses between the lobes pointing to the place of attachment (Stearn 1973).

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Distributional notes
As explained by Woelkerling et al. (1998), the occurrence of this species in the Canary Islands is doubtful.

Usage notes
Source of B vitamins (Kanazawa et al. 1966). - (29 May 2007) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Rhodymenia palmata (Linnaeus) Greville)
English: Sea grass (Brennan 1950), American dulse (Kirby 1953), Dillisc, Sheep's weed (Duddington 1966), Horse seaweed, Sea devil (Ohmi 1968), Dulse (Anonymous 1978), Dillisk (Rhoads & Zunic 1978).

French: Goémon à vaches (Boisvert 1984).

Gaeilge: Creannach (Brennan 1950), Duileasc, Creathnach (Anonymous 1978).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
[Weber, F. & Mohr, D.M.H.] (1805). Einige Worte über unsre bisherigen, hauptsächlich carpologischen Zergliederungen von kryptogamischen Seegewächsen. Beiträge zur Naturkunde 1: 204-329.

Key references
Kanazawa, A., Saito, A. & Idler, D.R. (1966). Vitamins B in dulse (Rhodymenia palmata). J. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada 23(6): 915, 916, 1 table.

Zinova, A.D. (1955). Opredelitel burykh vodoroslej severnykh morej SSSR [Determination book of the red algae of the northern seas of the USSR]. pp. 1-219 [+ 1], 169 figs. Moscow & Leningrad: Akad. Nauk SSSR.

Created: 27 September 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 04 April 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 7944 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Andrew, P.W., Rogers, L.J., Haslett, B.G. & Boulter, D. (1981). Partial structure and propeties of the ferredoxin from Rhodymenia palmata. Phytochemistry 20: 579-583.
Barton, E.S. (1891). On the occurrence of galls in Rhodymenia palmata Grev. Journal of Botany, British and Foreign 29: 65-68.
Delf, E.M. & Grubb, V.M. (1924). The spermatia of Rhodymenia palmata Ag.. An. Bot. 38: 327-335.
Edelstein, T. (1972). Halosacciocolax lundii, sp. nov., a new red alga parasitic on Rhodymenia palmata (L.) Grev.. British Phycological Journal 7: 249-253.
Ffrench, R.A. (1974). Rhodymenia palmata. An appraisal of the dulse industry. pp. 1-49. Ottawa: National Research Council of Canada.
Gopalakrishnan, P. (1974). On the occurrence of Hormophysa triquetra (L.) Kützing and Rhodymenia palmata Grev. on the west coast of India. Phykos 13(1): 6-9, Figs. 1a, 1b.
Grubb, V.M. (1923). Preliminary note on the reproduction of Rhodymenia palmata, Ag.. Annals of Botany 37: 151-152.
Guiry, M.D. (1974). A preliminary consideration of the taxonomic position of Palmaria palmata (Linnaeus) Stackhouse = Rhodymenia palmata (Linnaeus) Greville. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 54: 509-528.
Guiry, M.D. (1976 '1975'). An assessment of Palmaria palmata forma mollis (S. et G.) comb. nov. (= Rhodymenia palmata forma mollis S. et G.) in the eastern North Pacific. Syesis 8: 245-261.
Harding, J.P. (1954). The copepod Thalestris rhodymeniae (Brady) and its nauoilus, parasitic in the seaweed Rhodymenia palmata (L.) Grev.. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 124: 153-161.
Kanazawa, A., Saito, A. & Idler, D.R. (1966). Vitamins B in dulse (Rhodymenia palmata). J. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada 23(6): 915, 916, 1 table.
Killian, C. (1926). Le développement morphologique et anatomique du Rhodymenia palmata. Ann Des Sc Nat Bot Ser 8 10: 189-211.
Magne, F. (1959). Sur le cycle nucléaire du "Rhodymenia palmata" (L.) J. Agardh. Soc Phycol France Bull No 5: 12-14.
Magne, F. (1959). Sur le cycle nucléare du "Rhodymenia Palmata" (L.) J. Agardh. Soc. Phycol. de France, Bull. 5: . [in French]
Morgan, K.C. & Simpson, F.J. (1981). Cultivation of Palmaria (Rhodymenia) palmata: effect of high concentrations of nitrate and ammonium on growth and nitrogen uptake. Aquatic Botany 11: 167-171.
Pueschel, C.M. (1977). Unusual lipid bodies in the red alga Palmaria palmata (= Rhodymenia palmata). J. Ultrastruc. Res. 60: 328-334.
Schlichting, H.E., Jr & Purdom, M.E. (1969). Rhodymenia palmata periphyton; protein and amino acids. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 6: 589-594.
van der Meer, J.P. (1976). A contribution towards elucidating the life history of Palmaria palmata (=Rhodymenia palmata). Canadian Journal of Botany 54: 2903-2906.
Westbrook, M.A. (1928). Contributions to the cytology of tetrasporic plants of Rhodymenia palmata (L.), Grev., and some other Florideae. Annals of Botany 62: 149-172.
Yabu, H. (1972). Nuclear division in tetrasporophytes of Rhodymenia palmata (L.) Grev.. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 7: 205-207.
Yabu, H. (1976). A report on the cytology of Rhodymenia palmata, Rh. pertusa and Halosaccion saccatum (Rhodophyta). Bull. Fac. Fish., Hokkaido Univ. 27: 51-62.
Zinova, A.D. (1950). Rhodymenia palmata (L.) Grev.. Bot. Materials, Section Cryptogamic Plants 6: .

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 24 September 2018.

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