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Schottera nicaeensis (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Guiry & Hollenberg

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gigartinales
Family Phyllophoraceae
Genus Schottera

Pictures

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Schottera nicaeensis (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Guiry & Hollenberg
East of the Skerries, Portrush, Co. Antrim, Northern Ireland. 06 Aug 2013. Francis Bunker. © Francis Bunker (fbunker@marineseen.com).

Schottera nicaeensis (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Guiry & Hollenberg
Bari, Italy. Gianni Felicini. © Gianni Felicini (gfelih@alice.it).

Schottera nicaeensis (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Guiry & Hollenberg
KwaZulu-Natal; ramifying in a sponge. Tom Schils. © Tom Schils (tom@schils.be).

 

Laurencia indica var. nidifica Hauck

Schottera nicaeensis (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Guiry & Hollenberg Bari, Italy
© Gianni Felicini (gfelih@alice.it)

Publication details
Schottera nicaeensis (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Guiry & Hollenberg 1975: 153, figs 4-9, 11-15

Published in: Guiry, M.D. & Hollenberg, G.J. (1975). Schottera gen. nov. and Schottera nicaeensis (Lamour. ex Duby) comb. nov. (=Petroglossum nicaeense (Lamour. ex Duby) Schotter) in the British Isles. British Phycological Journal 10: 149-164, 15 figs.
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Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Schottera.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Halymenia nicaeensis J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby

Type information
Type locality: Marseilles, France (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 319). Lectotype: STR (Guiry & Hollenberg 1975: fig. 4). Notes: See also Dixon & Irvine (1977: 230). This type locality was first recorded by Guiry & Hollenberg (1975: 153).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Halymenia nicaeensis J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby 1830
Rhodymenia palmetta var. nicaeensis (Lamouroux ex Duby) J.Agardh 1842
Rhodymenia nicaeensis (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Montagne 1846
Gymnogongrus nicaeensis (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Ardissone & Straforello 1877
Phyllophora nicaeensis (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) F.Schmitz 1893
Petroglossum nicaeense (Duby) Schotter 1953

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Phyllophora morinii Børgesen 1954

Nomenclatural notes
Professor Giovanni Furnari (e-mail, 10 December 2010) writes: "...let me disagree with the use of the diaeresis in the specific name "nicaeënsis". In fact, in classical latin the diaeresis indicates that a vocal should be pronounced separately from the preceding vowel, but is never used, since unnecessary, when a vowel is preceded by a diphthong. In the case of "nicaeensis", the second "e" cannot be linked in any case to the preceding "e" that is a part of the diphthong "ae" and consequently its pronounce is separated from the sound of the preceding diphthong "ae". Moreover, it should be noted that the diaeresis was not used by Duby i describing his Halymenia nicaeensis, and that it is not present in classical Latin dictionaries where the the adjective "nicaeensis" (from Nice) is written without diaeresis." - (10 Dec 2010) - M.D. Guiry

Distributional notes
Probable adventive species found on Australian coasts (Womersley 2003: 500). - (19 Feb 2009) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Schottera nicaeensis (J.V.Lamouroux ex Duby) Guiry & Hollenberg)
English: Shaded Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Description
Cartilaginous, thin, bright red fronds, flattened, to 80 mm high, slender cylindrical stipe to 5 mm long arising from rhizoids. Lamina simple, or once or twice dichotomous, strap-shaped, margins slightly ruffled. Apices rounded at first, later prolonged into long slender proccesses which may become attached to substratum and produce new erect shoots.

Habitat
Epilithic, lower littoral in pools and emergent, sublittoral to 15 m (Dixon & Irvine 1977: 231). On rock in light-shaded pools, lower intertidal, southern and western coasts to Isle of Man and Northern Ireland; probably much under-recorded.

Similar species
Phyllophora crispa, Stenogramme interrupta and Rhodymenia spp.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Dixon, P.S. & Irvine, L.M. (1977). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 1. Introduction, Nemaliales, Gigartinales. pp. [i]-xi, [1]-252, 90 figs. London: British Museum (Natural History).

Lewis, J.A. & Womersley, H.B.S. (1994). Family Phyllophoraceae Nägeli 1847: 248. In: The marine benthic flora of Southern Australia. Part III A. (Womersley, H.B.S. Eds), pp. 259-270. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Santelices, B., Ramírez, M.E. & Abbott, I.A. (1989). A new species and new records of marine algae from Chile. British Phycological Journal 24: 73-82.

Scott, F.J. (2017). Marine plants of Tasmania. pp. [i]-viii, 1-360, numerous col. illus. Hobart: Tasmania Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.

Villaseñor-Parada, C., Pauchard, A. & Macaya, E. (2014). Expansión del área de distribución de la macroalga introducida Schottera nicaeensis (Rhodophyta: Gigartinales) en la costa chilena: ¿evidencia de una invasión?. Boletín de la Red Latinoamericana para el Estudio de Especies Invasoras 4: 19-27.

Wynne, M.J. (1986). Report on a collection of benthic marine algae from the Namibian coast (southwestern Africa). Nova Hedwigia 43: 311-355, 24 pls.

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 February 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4970 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Dipierro, S., Perrone, C. & Felicini, G.P. (1980). Changes in the nitrate-reducing activity of Schottera nicaeensis Guiry et Hollenberg (Rhodophyta, Phyllophoraceae) during ontogenesis (Note). Phycologia 19: 232-234, 2 figs.
Felicini, G.P. & Perrone, C. (1979). Tumour-like formations on cultured Schottera nicaeensis. Giornale Botanico Italiano 113: 395-400.
Guiry, M.D. & Hollenberg, G.J. (1975). Schottera gen. nov. and Schottera nicaeensis (Lamour. ex Duby) comb. nov. (=Petroglossum nicaeense (Lamour. ex Duby) Schotter) in the British Isles. British Phycological Journal 10: 149-164, 15 figs.
Guiry, M.D. & Morton, O. (1976). Schottera nicaeensis (Lamour. ex Duby) Guiry et Hollenberg from Co. Antrim. Irish Naturalists' Journal 18: 285-286.
Lewis, J.A. & Kraft, G.T. (1979). Occurrence of a European red alga (Schottera nicaeensis) in southern Australian waters. Journal of Phycology 15: 226-230.
Perrone, C. & Felicini, G.P. (1988). Physiological ecology of Schottera nicaeensis (Phyllophoraceae, Rhodophyta): functional significance of heterotrichy. Phycologia 27: 347-354.
Perrone, C. & Garuccio, I. (1983). Manifestations de sénescence provoquées par la licorine dans Schottera nicaeensis Guiry et Hollenberg (Phyllophoracées). Phycologia 22: 395-401, 6 figs, 5 tables.
Perrone, C. & Garuccio, I. (1984). Lycorine-induced reduction of phycobiliprotein levels in Schottera nicaeensis (Phyllophoraceae, Gigartinales). Phycologia 23: 209-212, 2 tables.
Perrone-Pesola, C. & Felicini, G.P. (1981). Polarité dans la fronde de Schottera nicaeensis (Phyllophoracées). Phycologia 20: 142-146.
Villaseñor-Parada, C., Pauchard, A. & Macaya, E. (2014). Expansión del área de distribución de la macroalga introducida Schottera nicaeensis (Rhodophyta: Gigartinales) en la costa chilena: ¿evidencia de una invasión?. Boletín de la Red Latinoamericana para el Estudio de Especies Invasoras 4: 19-27.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 22 September 2018.

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