153,622 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,981 images, 59,421 bibliographic items, 412,629 distributional records.

Gambierdiscus carolinianus Litaker, Vandersea, M.A.Faust, Kibler, W.C.Holland & P.A.Tester

Publication details
Gambierdiscus carolinianus Litaker, Vandersea, M.A.Faust, Kibler, W.C.Holland & P.A.Tester in Litaker et al. 2009: 365, figs 25-35

Published in: Litaker, R.W., Vandersea, M.W., Faust, M.A., Kibler, S.R., Chinain, M., Holmes, M.J., Holland, W.C., & Tester, P.A. (2009). Taxonomy of Gambierdiscus including four new species, Gambierdiscus caribaeus, Gambierdiscus carolinianus, Gambierdiscus carpenteri and Gambierdiscus ruetzleri (Gonyaulacales, Dinophyceae). Phycologia 48(5): 344-390.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Gambierdiscus is Gambierdiscus toxicus R.Adachi & Y.Fukuyo.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Nomenclatural notes
Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017). - (19 May 2017) - M.D. Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: The continental shelf of North Carolina, USA near Cape Fear (33º38' N, 76º56' W) (Litaker et al. 2009: 365). Holotype: Fig. 25: August 2004; from macroalgae collected at a depth of approx. 45 m. Type Collection of Dinoflagellates, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution SEM stub # 352 (Litaker et al. 2009: 365). Notes: Isotypes: Figs 26-30; SEM stub # 352.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Hoppenrath, M., Murray, S.A., Chomérat, N. & Horiguchi, T. (2014). Marine benthic dinoflagellates - unravelling their worldwide biodiversity. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe Vol. 54. pp. [1]-276. Frankfurt am Main & Stuttgar: V. Mosbrugger & E. Schweizerbartsche Verlagsbuchhandlung.

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Created: 04 December 2009 by Wendy Guiry

Verified by: 19 May 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 819 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Litaker, R.W., Vandersea, M.W., Faust, M.A., Kibler, S.R., Chinain, M., Holmes, M.J., Holland, W.C., & Tester, P.A. (2009). Taxonomy of Gambierdiscus including four new species, Gambierdiscus caribaeus, Gambierdiscus carolinianus, Gambierdiscus carpenteri and Gambierdiscus ruetzleri (Gonyaulacales, Dinophyceae). Phycologia 48(5): 344-390.

Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=135967

Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 November 2018.

SITE © 1996 - 2018 M.D. Guiry. All rights reserved.

Website Design : 249 Design Studio