Phymatolithon polymorphum Foslie 1898: 4
Original publication: Foslie, M. (1898). Systematical survey of the Lithothamnia. Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter 1898(2): 1-7.
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Phymatolithon.
Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a taxonomic synonym of Phymatolithon calcareum (Pallas) W.H.Adey & D.L.McKibbin
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.
This is a marine species.
Distribution by country
Detailed distribution with sources
(as Phymatolithon polymorphum Foslie)
Arctic: Canada (Arctic) (Lee 1980).
Europe: Adriatic (Munda 1979), Balearic Islands (Ribera Siguán & Gómez Garreta 1984), Britain (Newton 1931), Corsica (Boudouresque & Perret 1977), Faroe Islands (Irvine 1982), Greece (Gerloff & Geissler 1974), Ireland (Guiry 1977, Guiry 1978), Spain (Ballesteros & Romero 1982, Gallardo et al. 1985), Spitsbergen (Vinogradova 1995), Sweden (Kylin 1907).
Atlantic Islands: Iceland (Caram & Jónsson 1972).
South America: Chile (Ramírez & Santelices 1991).
Africa: Tunisia (Ben Maiz, Boudouresque & Quahchi 1987).
Asia: Japan (Okamura 1936).
According to Babbini & Bressan (1997) this species is a synonym of Phymatolithon calcareum (Pallas) Adey & McKibbin.
The supposed basionym Millepora polymorpha Linnaeus, is an illegitimate substitute name for Millepora calcarea Pallas (Spencer, Irvine & Jarvis 2009: 253), and thus cannot serve as the basionym for this name. Accordingly, we have treated Phymatolithon polymorphum Foslie as a new name. - (16 Feb 2012) - M.D. Guiry
Source of synonymy
Woelkerling, W.J. & Irvine, L.M. (1986). The typification and status of Phymatolithon (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). British Phycological Journal 21: 55-80, 18 figs.
SAG Cultures may be viewed at http://sagdb.uni-goettingen.de/showstrains.php?genus=Phymatolithon&species=polymorphum
Cultures from the Scandinavian Culture Collection of Algae at the University of Copenhagen (SCCAP) and Protozoa may be viewed at http://www.sccap.dk/search/algaebase.asp?Genus=Phymatolithon&Species=polymorphum
Created: 08 December 1998 by M.D. Guiry
Verified by: 16 February 2012 by M.D. Guiry
Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1341 times since it was created.
Linking to this page: http://www.algaebase.org/search/species/detail/?species_id=13975
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2013. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 June 2013.
Algaebase taxon LSID: urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:107745