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Ceramium echionotum J.Agardh

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Ceramiales
Suborder Ceramiineae
Family Ceramiaceae
Subfamily Ceramioideae
Tribe Ceramieae
Genus Ceramium

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Ceramium echionotum J.Agardh
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland. 14 Jun 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Ceramium echionotum J.Agardh
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland. 14 Jun 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Ceramium echionotum J.Agardh
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland. 14 Jun 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Ceramium echionotum J.Agardh
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland. 14 Jun 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Ceramium echionotum J.Agardh
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland. 14 Jun 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Ceramium echionotum J.Agardh
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland. 14 Jun 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Ceramium echionotum J.Agardh
Ceramium echionotum, Spanish Pt., Co. Clare. 28 Aug 2010. M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Ceramium echionotum J.Agardh
Ceramium echionotum, Spanish Pt., Co. Clare. 28 Aug 2010. M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Ceramium echionotum J.Agardh
Ceramium echionotum, Spanish Pt., Co. Clare. 28 Aug 2010. M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Ceramium echionotum J.Agardh
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland; mid-shore pools; plants to 50 mm. 04 Aug 2004. Michael Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

 

Polysiphonia bicornis Sonder

Ceramium echionotum J.Agardh Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland
© M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie)

Publication details
Ceramium echionotum J.Agardh 1844: 27

Published in: Agardh, J.G. (1844). In systemata algarum hodierna adversaria scripsit Jacobus Agardh, quae venia ampliss. facultatis philosophicae pro exercitio disputaturus defendet N. J. Wetterquist, Vestro-Gothus. In auditorio botanica die xxii maj. mdcccxliv. pp. Pars [1]: 22 Mai 1844 (date on cover, rd. by Regensburg Sep 1844), p. [i of cover], [i]-16. Pars [2]: 22 Mai 1844, resp. O. Nic. Hammar, p. [i], 17-32. Pars [3]: 22 Mai 1844, resp. C. O. N. Dahlgren, p. [i], 33-56. Lund: Berling.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Ceramium is Ceramium virgatum Roth.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), from echis (Greek), an adder, and noton (Greek), a back (Newton 1931).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Chaetoceras echionotum (J.Agardh) Kützing 1847
Acanthoceras echionotum (J.Agardh) Kützing 1849
Episperma echionotum (J.Agardh) Kuntze 1891
Apona echionata (J.Agardh) Kuntze 1898

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Ceramium echionotum var. corticatum Mazoyer
Ceramium echionotum var. transcurrens (Kützing) Batters
Ceramium echinophorum Meneghini 1844
Acanthoceras transcurrens Kützing 1849
Acanthoceras echinophorum (Meneghini) Frauenfeld 1855

General environment
This is a marine species.

Description
Rough, densely tufted, purplish red fronds, to 150 mm long, repeatedly dichotomously branched, axils wide, apices strongly hooked inwards filaments of almost uniform diameter throughout. Articulations coritcated at nodes, 3-4 times as long as broad in lower parts, very short distally, with numerous, irregularly distibuted, colourless, unicellular, needle-like spines on corticating bands.

Habitat
On rocks and stones and epiphytic, southern and western coasts, occasional.

Type information
Lectotype locality: Devon (Torquay) (Maggs & Hommersand 1993: 57). Lectotype: [A.M.] Griffiths; September, 1837; LD 20792 (Maggs & Hommersand 1993: 57). Notes: Herb. Lugd, Bat. 940.265.8: Lenormand specimen from Arromanches (Normandy)? (Dixon, 1959: 342). In Atlantico, Torquay, Gades; in mediterraneo ad oras Hispaniae et Galloprovinciae (INA).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. II. pp. [2], 763-1504. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Dixon, P.S. (1959). Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on the Florideae. I. Botaniska Notiser 112: 339-352.

Hassoun, M., Wynne, J.W., Moussa, H., Salhi, G., Zbakh, H., Riadi, H. & Kazzaz, M. (2018). An investigation of members of the tribe Ceramieae (Ceramiaceae, Rhodophyta) occurring on both the Mediterranean and Atlantic shores of Morocco. Algae. An International Journal of Algal Research 33(3): 243-267.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Maggs, C.A. & Hommersand, M.H. (1993). Seaweeds of the British Isles. Volume 1. Rhodophyta. Part 3A. Ceramiales. pp. [i]-xv, 1-444, 129 figs, map. London: HMSO.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Skage, M., Gabrielsen, T.M. & Rueness, J. (2005). A molecular approach to investigate the phylogenetic basis of three widely used species groups in the red algal genus Ceramium (Ceramiales, Rhodophyta). Phycologia 44: 353-360.

Zinova, A.D. (1967). Opredelitel zelenikh, burikh i krasnich odoroslei juzhnikh morei SSSR [Guide to the green, brown and red algae of the southern seas of USSR]. pp. 1-398. Moscow, Leningrad: Academia Nauk. [in Russian]

Created: 31 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 08 November 2018 by Wendy Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 7425 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 27 May 2019.

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