153,593 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,980 images, 59,399 bibliographic items, 411,125 distributional records.

Caulerpa peltata J.V.Lamouroux

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Viridiplantae
Infrakingdom Chlorophyta infrakingdom
Phylum Chlorophyta
Subphylum Chlorophytina
Class Ulvophyceae
Order Bryopsidales
Family Caulerpaceae
Genus Caulerpa

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Caulerpa peltata J.V.Lamouroux
Ecad peltata. Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Caulerpa peltata J.V.Lamouroux
Morphological complex plant between ecad peltata and ecad chemnitzia. Palau Islands, West Pacific. 15 Dec 2004. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Caulerpa peltata J.V.Lamouroux
Ecad peltata. Palau Islands, West Pacific, 1 m deep in the shade. 29 Oct 1995. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Caulerpa peltata J.V.Lamouroux
Ecad peltata. Palau Islands, West Pacific, 1 m deep in the shade. 29 Oct 1995. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Caulerpa peltata J.V.Lamouroux
Morphological complex plant between ecad laetevirens and ecad peltata. Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Caulerpa peltata J.V.Lamouroux
Ecad laetevirens. Palau Islands, West Pacific, 0.5 m deep in the sun. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Caulerpa peltata J.V.Lamouroux
Ecad laetevirens. Palau Islands, West Pacific, 0.5 m deep in the sun. 15 Dec 2004. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Caulerpa peltata J.V.Lamouroux
Ecad laetevirens. Palau Islands, West Pacific, 1 m deep in the sun. 29 Oct 1995. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Caulerpa peltata J.V.Lamouroux
Ecad chemnitzia. Palau Islands, West Pacific. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Caulerpa peltata J.V.Lamouroux
Ecad chemnitzia. Palau Islands, West Pacific, 1 m deep. 15 Dec 2004. Hideo Ohba. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

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Sphaerococcus purpurascens (Hudson) C.Agardh

Caulerpa peltata J.V.Lamouroux Ecad peltata. Palau Islands, West Pacific, 1 m deep in the shade
© Palau International Coral Reef Center

Publication details
Caulerpa peltata J.V.Lamouroux 1809: 332

Published in: Lamouroux, J.V.F. (1809). Observations sur la physiologie des algues marines, et description de cinq nouveaux genres de cette famille. Nouveau Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomathique de Paris 1: 330-333, fig. 2, pl. 6.
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Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Caulerpa is Caulerpa prolifera (Forsskål) J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is currently regarded as a synonym of Caulerpa chemnitzia (Esper) J.V.Lamouroux

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), target-shaped.

Synonym(s)
No synonyms are currently included in AlgaeBase.

Taxonomic notes
According to Silva et al. (1996) the name Caulerpa occidentalis has been misapplied to this species by Jaasund (1976: 25, fig. 52), Jaasund (1977a: 334), Jaasund (1977d: 513) and Lawson (1980: 5). According to South & Skelton (2003), Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskål) J. Agardh var. laetevirens formae are considered within the circumscription of Caulerpa peltata but have not yet been transferred or reduced to synonymy (Silva et al. 1996). Lipkin & Silva (2002: 64) reject the conclusions of Eubank (1946), followed by some authors (e.g., South & Skelton (2003), that this entity should be referred to Caulerpa racemosa as a variety.

See Silva et al. (1996: 829, 830) for discussion on status of C. peltata / C. racemosa var. peltata. Dawes & Mathieson (2008) cite C. peltata as a synonym of C. racemosa var. peltata but see p. 74 for views of various authors. Verlaque et al. (2003: 336) consider resolution of the taxonomic status of C racemosa var. peltata and var. laetevirens requires further studies before following Silva et al.'s (1996) conclusion that C. racemosa var. peltata should be treated as a separate species (C. peltata) with C. laetevirens as a synonym. - (29 Jun 2012) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
Widespread in tropical and subtropical seas. On Tridacna shell at 3 m depth; 1-2 m depth; in shaded habitats, such as caves and overhangs, attached to rock (Lipkin & Silva 2002). - (22 Jun 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Caulerpa peltata J.V.Lamouroux)
Indonesian: Lata (Chapman & Chapman 1980).

Type information
Type locality: Antilles, West Indies (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 828).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Source of current name
Belton, G.S., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F., Huisman, J.M., Draisma, S.G.A. & Gurgel, C.F.D. (2014). Resolving phenotypic plasticity and species designation in the morphology challenging Caulerpa racemosa-peltata complex (Caulerpaceae, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 50(1): 32-54.

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Eubank, L.L. (1946). Hawaiian representatives of the genus Caulerpa. University of California Publications in Botany 18: 409-431, 2 figs, pl. 22.

Gonzalez Henriquez, N. & Santos Guerra, A. (1983). El genero Caulerpa Lamouroux en Las Islas Canarias. Botanica Macaronesica 11: 3-24.

Hodgson, L.M. Pham Huu Tri, Lewmanomont, K. & McDermid, K.J. (2004). Annotated checklist of species of Caulerpa and Caulerpella (Bryopsidales, Caulerpaceae) from Vietnam, Thailand and the Hawaiian Islands. In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to the Pacific and other locations Volume IX. (Abbott, I.A. & McDermid, K.J. Eds) Vol.9, pp. 21-38.

Kraft, G.T. (2007). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of Lord Howe Island and the southern Great Barrier Reef, 1. Green algae. pp. [i-iv], v-vi, 1-347, 110 text-figs; 11 pls. Canberra & Melbourne: Australian Biological Resources Study & CSIRO Publishing.

Lipkin, Y. & Silva, P.C. (2002). Marine algae and seagrasses of the Dahlak Archipelago, southern Red Sea. Nova Hedwigia 75(1-2): 1-90, 7 figs.

Pedroche, F.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar-Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar-Rosas, R. (2005). Catálogo de las algas marinas bentónicas del Pacífico de México. I. Chlorophycota. pp. i-viii, 17-146. Ensenada, México: Universidad Autónoma de Baja California.

Sauvage, T., Payri, C., Draisma, S.G.A., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F., Verbruggen, H., Belton, G.S., Gurgel, F.D., Gabriel, D., Sherwood, A.R. & Fredericq, S. (2013). Molecular diversity of the Caulerpa racemosa-Caulerpa peltata complex (Caulerpaceae, Bryopsidales) in New Caledonia, with new Australasian records for C. racemosa var. cylindracea. Phycologia 52(1): 6-13.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2007). The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 132: 1-350.

Svedelius, N. (1906). Reports on the marine algae of Ceylon. No. 1. Ecological and systematic studies of the Ceylon species of Caulerpa. Ceylon Marine Biological Laboratory Reports 2(4): 81-144, 51 figs.

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Verlaque, M., Durand, C., Huisman, J.M., Boudouresque, C-F., & Le Parco, Y. (2003). On the identity and origin of the Mediterranean invasive Caulerpa racemosa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta). European Journal of Phycology 38: 325-339.

Zemke-White, W.L. & Ohno, M. (1999). World seaweed utilisation: an end-of-century summary. Journal of Applied Phycology 11: 369-376.

Created: 26 December 1998 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 29 June 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 11405 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Belton, G.S., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F., Huisman, J.M., Draisma, S.G.A. & Gurgel, C.F.D. (2014). Resolving phenotypic plasticity and species designation in the morphology challenging Caulerpa racemosa-peltata complex (Caulerpaceae, Chlorophyta). Journal of Phycology 50(1): 32-54.
Kajimura, M. 1976 (1976). On swarmer production in Caulerpa peltata var. peltata from the Oki Islands, Shimane Prefecture. Japanese Society of Phycology 24, No. 1: 25-28.
Ohba, H., Nashima, H. & Enomoto, S. (1992). Culture studies on Caulerpa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyceae) III. Reproduction, development and morphological variation of laboratory-cultured C. racemosa var. peltata. Botanical Magazine, Tokyo 105: 589-600, 27 figs.
Sauvage, T., Payri, C., Draisma, S.G.A., Prud'homme van Reine, W.F., Verbruggen, H., Belton, G.S., Gurgel, F.D., Gabriel, D., Sherwood, A.R. & Fredericq, S. (2013). Molecular diversity of the Caulerpa racemosa-Caulerpa peltata complex (Caulerpaceae, Bryopsidales) in New Caledonia, with new Australasian records for C. racemosa var. cylindracea. Phycologia 52(1): 6-13.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 17 November 2018.

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