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Synarthrophyton patena (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) R.A.Townsend

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Corallinophycidae
Order Hapalidiales
Family Hapalidiaceae
Subfamily Melobesioideae
Genus Synarthrophyton

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Synarthrophyton patena (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) R.A.Townsend
Olifantsbos, Cape Peninsula, South Africa. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Synarthrophyton patena (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) R.A.Townsend
Olifantsbos, Cape Peninsula, South Africa. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

 

Liagora obtusa Dickie

Synarthrophyton patena (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) R.A.Townsend Olifantsbos, Cape Peninsula, South Africa
© M.D. Guiry

Publication details
Synarthrophyton patena (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) R.A.Townsend 1979: 252, figs 1-18

Published in: Townsend, R.A. (1979). Synarthrophyton, a new genus of Corallinaceae (Cryptonemiales, Rhodophyta) from the southern hemisphere. Journal of Phycology 15: 251-259, 18 figs, 1 table.

Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Synarthrophyton.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Melobesia patena J.D.Hooker & Harvey

Type information
Type locality: Flat Point (near Castlepoint), New Zealand (Womersley 1996: 209). Lectotype: Colenso collection No. 1331; TCD (Womersley 1996: 209). Notes: Designated by Chapman & Parkinson (1974, pl. 72). The type locality in included in the collecting notes of Colenso as "1330. Sea-green alga, with Lithophyta, (beautiful sp.) from Te Unuunu, nr Castlepoint, E.Coast 1331. Red alga, from ditto: (splendid specimen)" Te Unuunu is a coastal mountain south of Castlepoint; the nearest point on the coast is also known as either Te Unuunu or Flat Point (W. Nelson & A. Athansiadis, pers. comm.).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Melobesia patena J.D.Hooker & Harvey 1849
Mastophora patena (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) K├╝tzing 1858
Lithophyllum patena (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) Rosanoff 1866
Lithothamnion patena (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) Heydrich 1897
Lithothamnion lichenoides f. patena (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) Foslie 1898
Lithothamnion lichenoides var. patena (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) De Toni & Forti 1923
Polyporolithon patena (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) L.R.Mason 1953
Mesophyllum patena (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) R.W.Ricker 1987

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Lithothamnion lichenoides f. antarcticum (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) Foslie 1898
Lithothamnion patena f. antarctica (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) Heydrich 1907
Lithophyllum lichenoides f. antarctica (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) Me.Lemoine 1911
Lithothamnion lichenoides var. antarcticum (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) De Toni & Forti 1923

General environment
This is a marine species.

Habitat
Occurs epiphytically on a variety of green, brown and red algae, and on seagrasses, tunicates, molluscs and sponges; found in intertidal pools and subtidally to depths of 37 m (Womersley 1996: 210).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Maneveldt, G. W., Keats, D. W. & Chamberlain, Y. M. (2007). Synarthrophyton papillatum sp. nov.: a new species of non-geniculate coralline algae (Rhodophyta, Corallinales, Hapalidiaceae) from South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Botany 73: 570-582.

May, D.I. & Woelkerling, W.J. (1988). Studies on the genus Synarthrophyton (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta) and its type species, S. patena (J.D. Hooker et W.H. Harvey) Townsend. Phycologia 27: 50-71, 40 figs, 3 tables.

Nelson, W.A. (2013). New Zealand seaweeds. An illustrated guide. pp. [1]-328. Wellington: Te Papa Press.

Scott, F.J. (2017). Marine plants of Tasmania. pp. [i]-viii, 1-360, numerous col. illus. Hobart: Tasmania Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.

Wilks, K.M. & Woelkerling, W.J. (1995). An account of southern Australian species of Lithothamnion (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta). Australian Systematic Botany 8: 549-583, 12 figs, 2 tables.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1996). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia - Part IIIB - Gracilariales, Rhodymeniales, Corallinales and Bonnemaisoniales. Vol. 5 pp. 1-392, 160 figs. Canberra & Adelaide: Australian Biological Resources Study & the State Herbarium of South Australia.

Created: 25 January 1999 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 28 February 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 1390 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

May, D.I. & Woelkerling, W.J. (1988). Studies on the genus Synarthrophyton (Corallinaceae, Rhodophyta) and its type species, S. patena (J.D. Hooker et W.H. Harvey) Townsend. Phycologia 27: 50-71, 40 figs, 3 tables.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 August 2019.

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