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Tricleocarpa cylindrica (J.Ellis & Solander) Huisman & Borowitzka

Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Nemaliophycidae
Order Nemaliales
Family Galaxauraceae
Genus Tricleocarpa


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Tricleocarpa cylindrica (J.Ellis & Solander) Huisman & Borowitzka
Excicata identificada como Galaxaura cylindrica por Miguel Hernández, recolectada en la zona Batabanó-Canarreos. Hábito. Foto: Yusimí Alfonso..

Tricleocarpa cylindrica (J.Ellis & Solander) Huisman & Borowitzka
Habit. In intertidal pool on coral reef of Sesoko Island (Okinawa, Japan) during low tide.. 29 Feb 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru). © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Tricleocarpa cylindrica (J.Ellis & Solander) Huisman & Borowitzka
Hawaii; scale is 5 mm. 01 Jan 0001. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Tricleocarpa cylindrica (J.Ellis & Solander) Huisman & Borowitzka
Rottnest Island, Western Australia.. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).

Tricleocarpa cylindrica (J.Ellis & Solander) Huisman & Borowitzka
Madeira. Peter Wirtz. © Peter Wirtz (peterwirtz2004@yahoo.com ).

Tricleocarpa cylindrica (J.Ellis & Solander) Huisman & Borowitzka
KwaZulu-Natal. Olivier de Clerck. © Olivier De Clerck (odclerck@gmail.com).


Gymnogongrus japonicus f. ahnfeltioides Makienko

Tricleocarpa cylindrica (J.Ellis & Solander) Huisman & Borowitzka Madeira
© Peter Wirtz (peterwirtz2004@yahoo.com )

Publication details
Tricleocarpa cylindrica (J.Ellis & Solander) Huisman & Borowitzka 1990: 164, figs 40-45, 50-52

Published in: Huisman, J.M. & Borowitzka, M.A. (1990). A revision of the Australian species of Galaxaura (Rhodophyta, Galaxauraceae), with a description of Tricelocarpa gen. nov. Phycologia 29: 150-172, 56 figs.

Type species
This is the type species (holotype) of the genus Tricleocarpa.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Corallina cylindrica J.Ellis & Solander

Type information
Type locality: West Indies [Mr. Greg] (Huisman & Borowitzka 1990: 164). (Huisman & Borowitzka 1990: 164). Notes: Huisman & Womersley (1994: 116) note that the type is lost; lectotypified by Ellis & Solander, 1786, pl. 22, fig.4 (see Papenfuss et al., 1982: 416).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), cylindrical.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Corallina cylindrica J.Ellis & Solander 1786
Galaxaura cylindrica (J.Ellis & Solander) J.V.Lamouroux 1821
Halysium cylindricum (J.Ellis & Solander) Kützing 1843

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Galaxaura conglutinata Kjellann 1900

Taxonomic notes
According to Silva et al. (1996), the name Galaxaura spongiosa has been misapplied to this species by G. Martens (1868: 25, 86-87)

Collected at depths ranging from intertidal rock pools to 15 m; often found at sand/rock interfaces,attached to rock with its base lightly covered by sand (Huisman & Borowitzka 1990). - (18 Jul 2011) - Wendy Guiry

Habitat notes
abundant on rocky reefs, rocks and shells of molluscs in the intertdidal zones of coral reef communities (Wiriyadamrikul et al. 2013). - (6 Aug 2013) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Commonly found in tropical and subtropical seas (Huisman & Womersley 1994: 118). Usually on rocks thinly covered with sand, at depths ranging from intertidal rock pools to 15 m (Huisman (2006: 25).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Boo, S.M. & Ko, Y.D. (2012). Marine plants from Korea. pp. [1] 5-233, many col. photographs. Seoul: Marine & Extreme Genome Research Centre Program. [in Korean]

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Freshwater, D.W., Idol, J.N., Parham, S.L., Fernández-García, C., León, N., Gabrielson, P.W. & Wysor, B. (2017). Molecular assisted identification reveals hidden red algae diversity from the Burica Peninsula, Pacific Panama. Diversity 9(19): 1-38, 31 figs.

Huisman, J.M. & Townsend, R.A. (1993). An examination of Linnaean and pre-Linnaean taxa referable to Galaxaura and Tricleocarpa (Galaxauraceae, Rhodophyta). Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 113: 95-101, 2 figs, 2 tables.

Huisman, J.M. & Womersley, H.B.S. (1994). Family Galaxauraceae Parkinson 1983: 608. In: The marine benthic flora of southern Australia. Rhodophyta - Part IIIA. (Womersley, H.B.S. Eds), pp. 99-118. Canberra:

Huisman, J.M. (2006). Tricelocarpa. In: Algae of Australia Nemaliales. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 24-28. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Study.

Hwang, I.-K. & Kim, H.-S. (2011). Algal flora of Korea. Volume 4, Number 2. Rhodophyta: Florideophyceae, Nemaliophycidae: Acrochaetiales, Colaconematales, Palmariales, Nemaliales. Nemalian red algae. pp. [1-6], 1-111, figs 1-66. Incheon: National Institute of Biological Resources.

Silva, P.C., Basson, P.W. & Moe, R.L. (1996). Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean. University of California Publications in Botany 79: 1-1259.

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2007). The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 132: 1-350.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Titlyanov, E.A. & Titlyanov, T.V. (2012). Marine plants of the Asian Pacific Region countries, their use and cultivation. pp. [1]-376, many col. photographs. Vladivostok: Dalnauka & A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. [in Russian]

Wang, W.-L., Liu, S.-L. & Lin, S.-M. (2005). Systematics of the calcified genera of the Galaxauraceae (Nemaliales, Rhodophyta) with an emphasis on Taiwan species. Journal of Phycology 41: 685-703.

Wiriyadamrikul, J., Geraldino, P.J.L., Huisman, J.M. Lewmanomont, K. & Boo, S.M. (2013). Molecular diversity of the calcified red algal genus Tricleocarpa (Galaxauraceae, Nemalionales) with the description of T. jejuensis and T. natalensis. Phycologia 52(4): 338-351.

Created: 29 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 27 April 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 5126 times since it was created.

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(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Afonso-Carrillo, J., Pérez, L., Sansón, M. & Reyes, J. (1998). Observaciones en Tricleocarpa cylindrica con el microscopio electrónico de barrido (Rhodophyta, Galaxauraceae). Vieraea 26: 87-91, 6 figs.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 21 April 2019.

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