153,303 species and infraspecific names are in the database, 20,952 images, 59,280 bibliographic items, 409,170 distributional records.

Gracilaria gracilis (Stackhouse) M.Steentoft, L.M.Irvine & W.F.Farnham

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gracilariales
Family Gracilariaceae
Genus Gracilaria

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Gracilaria gracilis (Stackhouse) M.Steentoft, L.M.Irvine & W.F.Farnham
Ría de Ares, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Gracilaria gracilis (Stackhouse) M.Steentoft, L.M.Irvine & W.F.Farnham
cystocarp, Ría de Ares, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Gracilaria gracilis (Stackhouse) M.Steentoft, L.M.Irvine & W.F.Farnham
cystocarp, Ría de Ares, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Gracilaria gracilis (Stackhouse) M.Steentoft, L.M.Irvine & W.F.Farnham
cystocarp, Ría de Ares, Galicia, Spain, 2014. Ignacio Barbara. © Ignacio Barbara.

Gracilaria gracilis (Stackhouse) M.Steentoft, L.M.Irvine & W.F.Farnham
Fleet, Dorset, England. 21 Aug 2013. Francis Bunker. © Francis Bunker (fbunker@marineseen.com).

Gracilaria gracilis (Stackhouse) M.Steentoft, L.M.Irvine & W.F.Farnham
Fleet, Dorset, England. 21 Aug 2013. Francis Bunker. © Francis Bunker (fbunker@marineseen.com).

Gracilaria gracilis (Stackhouse) M.Steentoft, L.M.Irvine & W.F.Farnham
upper subtidal, Islas Cíes, Galicia, Spain, 2012. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gracilaria gracilis (Stackhouse) M.Steentoft, L.M.Irvine & W.F.Farnham
Silver Strand, Galway Bay, Ireland. 06 Apr 2012. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Gracilaria gracilis (Stackhouse) M.Steentoft, L.M.Irvine & W.F.Farnham
Brittany, France, 2011. Ignacio Bárbara. © Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es).

Gracilaria gracilis (Stackhouse) M.Steentoft, L.M.Irvine & W.F.Farnham
Finavarra, Co. Clare, Ireland. 14 Jun 2011. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

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46 Found - Displaying 1 through 10

 

Sargassum rhyncophorum J.Agardh

Gracilaria gracilis (Stackhouse) M.Steentoft, L.M.Irvine & W.F.Farnham upper subtidal, Islas Cíes, Galicia, Spain, 2012
© Ignacio Bárbara (barbara@udc.es)

Publication details
Gracilaria gracilis (Stackhouse) M.Steentoft, L.M.Irvine & W.F.Farnham 1995: 115, figs 1-3, 5-18

Published in: Steentoft, M., Irvine, L.M. & Farnham, W.F. (1995). Two terete species of Gracilaria and Gracilariopsis (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) in Britain. Phycologia 34: 113-127, 37 figs.

Type species
The type species (lectotype) of the genus Gracilaria is Gracilaria compressa (C.Agardh) Greville.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus gracilis Stackhouse

Type information
Type locality: "Padstow, Cornwall, and elsewhere", England (Athanasiadis 1996: 63). Type: Stackhouse; BM Notes: This type locality was first recorded as a lectotype without provenance by Steentoft, L.Irvine & Farnham (1995: 115, fig. 1) (Silva et al., 1996)

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), thin, slender (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus gracilis Stackhouse 1801
Fucus confervoides var. gracilis (Stackhouse) Turner 1802
Gracilaria confervoides f. gracilis (Stackhouse) Grunow 1874
Gracilaria confervoides var. gracilis (Stackhouse) Batters 1902

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus albidus Esper 1800
Fucus procerrimus Esper 1800
Gracilaria confervoides var. procerrima (Esper) Greville 1830
Fucus gulaman M.Blanco 1837
Sphaerococcus capillaris Kützing 1863
Gracilaria confervoides f. tenuissima Rosenvinge 1931

Distributional notes
In the north-eastern Atlantic, known from southern Norway soutnwards to northern Spain. Also known outside the area.

Usage notes
Cultivated in Saldanha Bay, South Africa. Collected from drift in Saldanha Bay and in Namibia.

General environment
This is a marine species.

Common names

(as Gracilaria gracilis (Stackhouse) M.Steentoft, L.M.Irvine & W.F.Farnham)
English: Slender Wart Weed (Bunker et al. 2010).

Portuguese: Cabelo-de-velha, Carriola (Oliveira, 1990).

Common names used in commerce, often for edible algae
guraman {Cag}; gulaman {Ilo}; caocaoayan {Ilo}; maracaoyan {Ilo}; ogo-nori {Jap}; tou fa ts'ai {China}; "Ceylon moss, false"; "moss, false Ceylon"

Description
Cartilaginous, cylindrical, dull purple fronds, to 500 mm long, one or several arising from small, fleshy, perennial discoid holdfast. Branching very irregular, sparse or profuse, brnches to 2 mm diam., apices pointed. Intertidal tissue of large thin-walled cells with narrow outer cortical zone of small colourless cells.

Habitat
On rocks and stones, intertidal and subtidal, especially on sandy shores, generally distributed, common.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Destombe, C., Valero, M. & Guillemin, M.L. (2010). Delineation of two sibling red algal species, Gracilaria gracilis and Gracilaria dura (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta), using multiple DNA markers: resurrection of the species G. dura previously described in the northern Atlantic 200 years ago. Journal 0f Phycology 46(4): 720-727.

Irvine, L. & Steentoft, M. (1995). Proposal to reject the name Fucus verrucosa Huds. (Rhodophyta). Taxon 44: 223-224.

Iyer, R., Tronchin, E.M., Bolton, J.J. & Coyne, V.E. (2005). Molecular systematics of the Gracilariaceae (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) with emphasis on Southern Africa. Journal of Phycology 41: 672-684.

Loiseaux-de Goër, S. & Noailles, M.-C. (2008). Algues de Roscoff. pp. [1]-215, col. figs. Roscoff: Editions de la Station Biologique de Roscoff.

Pareek, M., Mishra, A. & Jha, B. (2010). Molecular phylogeny of Gracilaria species inferred from molecular markers belonging to three different genomes. Journal of Phycology 46(6): 1322-1328.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Rueness, J. (2005). Life history and molecular sequences of Gracilaria vermiculophylla (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta), a new introduction to European waters. Phycologia 44: 120-128.

Rueness, J., Mathisen, H.A. & Tananger, T. (1987). Culture and field observations on Gracilaria verrucosa (Huds.) Papenf. (Rhodophyta) from Norway. Botanica Marina 30: 267-276.

Steentoft, M. & Irvine, L.M. (1990). Proposal to conserve the type of Gracilaria, nom. cons., as G. compressa and its lectotypification (Rhodophyta: Gracilariaceae). Taxon 40: 663-666.

Created: 30 March 1996 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 06 February 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 63159 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)


Anderson, R.J., Smit, A.J. & Levitt, G.J. (1999). Upwelling and fish-factory waste as nitrogen sources for suspended cultivation of Gracilaria gracilis in Saldanha Bay, South Africa. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 16: 455-462.
Destombe, C., Valero, M. & Guillemin, M.L. (2010). Delineation of two sibling red algal species, Gracilaria gracilis and Gracilaria dura (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta), using multiple DNA markers: resurrection of the species G. dura previously described in the northern Atlantic 200 years ago. Journal 0f Phycology 46(4): 720-727.
Engel, C., Wattier, R., Destombe, C. & Valero, M. (1997). Dispersal in a haplo-diploid red algal species : genetic structure and gene flow in Gracilaria gracilis. Vie et Milieu 47(4): 333-337.
Engel, C.R. & Destombe, C. (2002). Reproductive ecology of an intertidal red seaweed, Gracilaria gracilis: influence of high and low tides on fertilization success. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 82: 189-192.
Engel, C.R., Valeo, M., Lagadeuc, Y. & Destombe, C. (2002). Non-random mating in controlled multiple-donor crosses in Gracilaria gracilis (Gracilariaceae, Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 37: 179-190.
Engel, C.R., Åberg, P., Gaggioti, O., Destombe, C. & Valero, M. (2001). Population dynamics and stage structure in a haploid-diploid red alga, Gracilaria gracilis. Journal of Ecology 89: 436-450.
Hughes, M.H., Michetti, K.M. & Leonardi, P.I. (2014). Settlement of Gracilaria gracilis carpospores (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) on natural substrates from the southwestern Atlantic coast (Chubut, Argentina). Botanica Marina 57(2): 131-137.
Jaffray, A.E., Anderson, R.J. & Coyne, V.E. (1997). Investigation of bacterial epiphytes of the agar-producing red seaweed Gracilaria gracilis (Stackhouse) Steentoft, Irvine et Farnham from Saldanha Bay, South Africa and Lüderitz, Namibia. Botanica Marina 40: 569-576.
Lluisma, A.O. & Ragan, M.A. (1999). Occurence of closely spaced genes in the nuclear genome of the agarophyte Gracilaria gracilis. Proceedings of the International Seaweed Symposium 16: 613-618.
Martínez, E.A., Destombe, C., Quillet, M.C. & Valero, M. (1999). Identification of RAPD markers highly linked to sex determination in the red algae Gracilaria gracilis. Molecular Ecology 8: 1533-1538.
Molloy, F.J. & Bolton, J.J. (1996). The effect of season and depth on the growth of Gracilaria gracilis at Lüderitz, Namibia. Botanica Marina 39: 407-413.
Naidoo, R.K., Rafudeen, M.S. & Coyne, V.E. (2016). Investigation of the Gracilaria gracilis (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) proteome response to nitrogen limitation. Journal of Phycology 52(3): 369-383.
Polifrone M.,Viera-Rodríguez M. A, Suárez-Santana J., Lazzoz G. & Pérez-Ruzafa I. (2005). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. XX. Gracilaria corallicola, G. gracilis, G. multipartita y Gracilariopsis longissima (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta). Botanica Complutensis 29: 77-83.
Polifrone, M., De Masi, F., Gargiulo, G.M. (2006). Alternative pathways in the life history of Gracilaria gracilis. Aquaculture 261: 1003-1013.
Rebello, J., Ohno, M., Critchley, A.T. & Sawamura, M. (1996). Growth rates and agar quality of Gracilaria gracilis (Stackhouse) Steentoft from Namibia, Southern Africa. Botanica Marina 39: 273-279.
Soe Pa Pa Kyaw, Mya Kyawt Wai, Thida Nyunt, Mu Mu Aye & Soe-Htun, U. (2009). Some observations on the daily growth rate of the agarophytes, Gracilaria gracilis, G. canaliculata and Hydropuntia edulis (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta), from Kyaikkhami and Setse, Mon State. Journal of Myanmar Academy of Arts and Science 7(5): 333-346.
Wattier, R., Dallas, J.F., Destombe, C., Saumitou-Laprade, P. & Valero, M. (1997). Single locus microsatellites in Gracilariales (Rhodophyta): high level of genetic variability within Gracilaria gracilis and conservation in related species. Journal of Phycology 33: 868-880, 4 figs, 6 tables.
Wilson, A.J. & Critchley, A.T. (1997). Studies on Gracilaria gracilis (Stackhouse) Steentoft, Irvine and Farnham and Gracilaria aculeata (Hering) Papenfuss from southern Africa. I. The influence of temperature, irradiance, salinity and nitogen nutrition on growth. South African Journal of Botany 63: 465-473.

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Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 20 October 2018.

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