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Gelidium capense (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Plantae
Subkingdom Biliphyta
Phylum Rhodophyta
Subphylum Eurhodophytina
Class Florideophyceae
Subclass Rhodymeniophycidae
Order Gelidiales
Family Gelidiaceae
Genus Gelidium

Pictures

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Gelidium capense (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
Olifantsbos, Cape Peninsula, South Africa. M.D. Guiry. © M.D. Guiry.

Gelidium capense (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva
South Africa. Robert Anderson. © Robert Anderson (Robert.Anderson@uct.ac.za).

 

Publication details
Gelidium capense (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva in P.C.Silva, E.G.Meñez & Moe 1987: 26

Published in: Silva, P.C., Meñez, E.G. & Moe, R.L. (1987). Catalog of the benthic marine algae of the Philippines. Smithsonian Contributions to Marine Sciences 27: [i-ii] iii-iv, 1-179, 2 figs, 1 table.
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Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Gelidium is Gelidium corneum (Hudson) J.V.Lamouroux.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Fucus capensis S.G.Gemelin

Type information
Type locality: Cape of Good Hope (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 134).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Fucus capensis S.G.Gemelin 1768

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Gelidium coarctatum Kützing 1868

Nomenclatural notes
According to Silva, Basson & Moe (1996: 135), specimens of this this species from the Indian Ocean have “... usually but incorrectly been called Gelidium cartilagineum (L.) Gaillon or G. versicolor (S. Gmelin) Lamouroux.” Dixon (1967) showed that Fucus cartilagineus Linnaeus (1753: 1161) is referable to Plocamium and considered Fucus versicolor S. Gmelin (1768: 158) the earliest name for this species of Gelidium. However, as shown by P. Silva (in P. Silva, Meñez, & Moe, 1987: 26), F. versicolor is a superfluous [and thus illegitimate] name for Fucus abrotanifolius (Linnaeus, 1753: 1161), which in turn is referable to Cystoseira. The earliest available name is this F. capensis.”

Taxonomic notes
According to Silva et al. (1996: 135), the name Gelidium asperum has been misapplied to this species by several authors; the name Gelidium cartilagineum has been misapplied to this species by several authors; the name Gelidium corneum has been misapplied to this species by Barton (1893: 172 (Krauss record)); the name Gelidium robustum has been misapplied to this species by Stegenga (1988: 383); the name Gelidium versicolor has been misapplied to this species by several authors

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Athanasiadis, A. (2016). Phycologia Europaea Rhodophyta Vol. I. pp. [i]-xxxxviii, 1-762. Thessaloniki: Published and distributed by the author.

Iha, C., O'Shaughnessy, K.A., Guimarães, S.M.P.B., Oliveira, M.C. & Freshwater, D.W. (2016). Taxonomic reappraisal of Gelidium coarctacum (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta) and Gelidium lineare sp. nov. from the tropical western Atlantic. Phycologia 55(5): 555-563.

Norris, R.E. (1992). The marine red algae of Natal, South Africa: order Gelidiales (Rhodophyta). Mem. Bot. Survey S. Afr. 61: (iii +) 43, 22 figs.

Santelices, B. (1999). Patterns of carposporangial production among species of Gelidium (Gelidiales, Rhodophyta). In: Taxonomy of Economic Seaweeds with reference to some Pacific species Vol. VII. (Abbott, I.A. Eds) Vol.7, pp. 55-69. La Jolla, California: California Sea Grant College System.

Created: 29 December 1997 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 06 February 2017 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 2137 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 November 2018.

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