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Trichodesmium erythraeum Ehrenberg ex Gomont

Empire Prokaryota
Kingdom Eubacteria
Subkingdom Negibacteria
Phylum Cyanobacteria
Class Cyanophyceae
Subclass Oscillatoriophycidae
Order Oscillatoriales
Family Microcoleaceae
Genus Trichodesmium


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Trichodesmium erythraeum Ehrenberg ex Gomont
Geographe Bay, Western Australia; bloom on surface of water.. John Huisman. © John Huisman (j.huisman@murdoch.edu.au).


Publication details
Trichodesmium erythraeum Ehrenberg ex Gomont 1892: 196, pl. V/5: figs 27-30

Published in: Gomont, M. (1892 '1893'). Monographie des Oscillariées (Nostocacées Homocystées). Deuxième partie. - Lyngbyées. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Botanique, Série 7 16: 91-264, pls 1-7.
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Type species
This is the type species (lectotype) of the genus Trichodesmium.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Oscillaria erythraea (Ehrenberg) Kützing 1843
Oscillatoria erythraea (Ehrenberg) Geitler 1932
Skujaella erythraea (Ehrenberg ex Gomont) J.De Toni 1938

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Trichodesmium hindsii Montagne 1844

Usage notes
Harmful species (Lassus et al. 2017).

General environment
This is a marine species.

Type information
Type locality: near Tor, Sinai Peninsula, Egypt (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 58).

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Fu, F. -X., Zhang, Y., Bell, P.R.F. & Hutchins, D.A. (2005). Phosphate uptake and growth kinetics of Trichodesmium (Cyanobacteria) isolates from the north Atlantic Ocean and the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Journal of Phycology 41: 62-73.

Hallegraeff, G.M., Anderson, D.M. & Cembella, A.D., Eds (2003). Manual on harmful marine microalgae. Paris: UNESCO.

Holl, C.M. & Montoya, J.P. (2005). Interactions between nitrate uptake and nitrogen fixation in continuous cultures of the marine diazotroph Trichodesmium (Cyanobacteria). Journal of Phycology 41: 1178-1183.

Hynes, A.M., Webb, E.A., Doney, S.C. & Waterbury, J.B. (2012). Comparison of cultured Trichodesmium (Cyanophyceae) with species characterized from the field. Journal of Phycology 48(1): 196-210.

Komárek, J. & Anagnostidis, K. (2005). Süsswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Cyanoprokaryota: 2. Teil/2nd Part: Oscillatoriales. Vol. 19 pp. 1-759. München: Elsevier Spektrum Akademischer Verlag.

Larsen, J. & Nguyen-Ngoc, L. [eds.] (2004). Potentially toxic microalgae of Vietnamese waters. Opera Botanica 140: 5-216.

Lassus, P., Chomérat, N., Hess, P. & Nézan, E. (2017 '2016'). Toxic and harmful microalgae of the World Ocean. Micro-algues toxiques et nuisibles de l'Océan Mondial. IOC Manuals and guides, 68 (Bilingual English/French). pp. 1-523, 54 pls. Denmark: International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae/ Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO.

Whitton, B.A. (2011). Cyanobacteria (Cyanophyta). In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 31-158. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Xia Bangmei [Xia, B.-M.] (2017). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus I Cyanophyta. pp. [1-8], i-xix, 1-176, pls I-IV. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese]

Created: 05 March 2001 by Wendy Guiry

Verified by: 24 April 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 4998 times since it was created.

Verification of data
Users are responsible for verifying the accuracy of information before use, as noted on the website Content page.

(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Barone, R. (2004). Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan (Rhodophyta) E Trichodesmium erythraeum Ehrenberg (Cyanobacteria), due taxa algali tropicali identificati nelle acque costiere della Sicilia. Naturalista sicil., S. 4(28): 183-203.
Garcia, N.S., Fu, F.-X., Breene, C.L., Bernhardt, P.W., Mulholland, M.R., Sohm, J.A. & Hutchins, D.A. (2011). Interactive effects of irradiance and CO2 on CO2 fixation and N2 in the diazotroph Trichodesmium erythraeum (cyanobacteria). Journal of Phycology 47(6): 1292-1303.
Ohki, K., Rueter, J.G. & Fujita, Y. (1986). Cultures of the pelagic cyanophytes Trichodesmium erythraeum and T. thiebautii in synthetic medium. Marine Biology, Berlin 91: 9-13.
Price, S. & Anandan, S. (2013). Characterization of a novel collagen-like protein TrpA in the cyanobacterium Trichodesmium erythraeum IMS101. Journal of Phycology 49(4): 758-764.
Wilson, S.T., Kolber, Z.S., Tozzi, S., Zehr, J.P. & Karl, D.M. (2012). Nitrogen fixation, hydrogen cycling, and electron transport kinetics in Trichodesmium erythraeum (cyanobacteria) strain IMS101. Journal of Phycology 48(3): 595-606.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 23 April 2019.

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