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Lobophora variegata (J.V.Lamouroux) Womersley ex E.C.Oliveira

Classification:
Empire Eukaryota
Kingdom Chromista
Phylum Ochrophyta
Class Phaeophyceae
Subclass Dictyotophycidae
Order Dictyotales
Family Dictyotaceae
Tribe Zonarieae
Genus Lobophora

Pictures

click on thumbnail for larger version.

Lobophora variegata (J.V.Lamouroux) Womersley ex E.C.Oliveira
Palau Islands, West Pacific. 07 Dec 2004. Hideki Yukihira. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Lobophora variegata (J.V.Lamouroux) Womersley ex E.C.Oliveira
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 1 m deep. Hideki Yukihira. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Lobophora variegata (J.V.Lamouroux) Womersley ex E.C.Oliveira
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 1.5 m deep. Hideki Yukihira. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Lobophora variegata (J.V.Lamouroux) Womersley ex E.C.Oliveira
Palau Islands, West Pacific, 1 m deep. Hideki Yukihira. © Palau International Coral Reef Center.

Lobophora variegata (J.V.Lamouroux) Womersley ex E.C.Oliveira
1. Habit. 2. Plant colonizing live coral (Okinawa, Japan). 3. Low intertidal (Sanya Bay, China). Insert: Plants overgrowing lobster farm constructions (Mot Island, Nhatrang Bay, Vietnam).. 09 Mar 2012. Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova. © Eduard and Tamara Titlyanova (etitlyanov@mail.ru).

Lobophora variegata (J.V.Lamouroux) Womersley ex E.C.Oliveira
Hawaii; thallus section showing central medullar layer of large cells and rhizoidal attachment structures; scale 100 µm. 01 Jul 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Lobophora variegata (J.V.Lamouroux) Womersley ex E.C.Oliveira
Hawaii; scale is 5 mm. 01 Jul 2011. J.M. Huisman. © J.M. Huisman.

Lobophora variegata (J.V.Lamouroux) Womersley ex E.C.Oliveira
Bonaire, Caribbean. 26 Mar 2011. Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger. © Mat Vestjens & Anne Frijsinger (annenmat@natuurlijkmooi.net).

Lobophora variegata (J.V.Lamouroux) Womersley ex E.C.Oliveira
Lord Howe Island, Australia. 21 Nov 2010. M.D. Guiry. © Michael Guiry (mike.guiry@nuigalway.ie).

Lobophora variegata (J.V.Lamouroux) Womersley ex E.C.Oliveira
Tanzania. Katrin Østerlund. © Katrin Oesterlund (Katrin.Osterlund@uadm.uu.se).

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Gigartina papillata f. cristata Setchell

Lobophora variegata (J.V.Lamouroux) Womersley ex E.C.Oliveira Madeira
© Peter Wirtz (peterwirtz2004@yahoo.com )

Publication details
Lobophora variegata (J.V.Lamouroux) Womersley ex E.C.Oliveira 1977: 217

Published in: Oliveira Filho, E.C. de (1977). Algas marinhas bentônicas do Brasil. pp. [i-iv], [1]-407. São Paulo, Brazil: Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Biociências.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Lobophora is Lobophora nigrescens J.Agardh.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Dictyota variegata J.V.Lamouroux

Type information
Type locality: Antilles, West Indies (Silva, Basson & Moe 1996: 598). Type: CN (Yoshida 1998: 223). Notes: De Clerck (2003: 186) notes that lectotypification was established by Womersley (1967: 221-222) and that the type is located in CN (C7F100). According to Womersley (1987: 255), the type of Lobophora variegata 1967 was collected by Richard; he does not cite Dictyota variegata. In Womersley (1967: 221) Zonaria variegata is cited [=Z. variegata (Lamouroux) C. Agardh 1817 ?]. Epitype: [MICH], GenBank KR260367 (Schultz et al., 2015: 491).

Origin of species name
Adjective (Latin), variegated.

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Dictyota variegata J.V.Lamouroux 1809
Zonaria variegata (J.V.Lamouroux) C.Agardh 1817
Padina variegata (J.V.Lamouroux) Bory 1827
Spatoglossum variegatum (J.V.Lamouroux) Kützing 1849
Gymnosorus variegatus (J.V.Lamouroux) J.Agardh 1894
Pocockiella variegata (J.V.Lamouroux) Papenfuss 1943

Heterotypic Synonym(s)
Spatoglossum nigrescens (Sonder) Kützing 1849
Orthosorus nigrescens (Sonder) Trevisan 1849
Zonaria latissima Sonder ex Kützing 1859
Stypopodium laciniatum Kützing 1859
Gymnosorus nigrescens (Sonder) J.Agardh 1894
Pocockiella nigrescens (Sonder) Papenfuss 1943

Nomenclatural notes
Womersley (1987: 253) cites the authority for this species as (Lamouroux) Womersley 1967:221.

Taxonomic notes
John et al. (2004) cite Aglaozonia canariensis Sauv. and Padina lobata Grev. as synonyms of this species.

Habitat notes
Widely distributed in tropical and subtropical waters. ca. 1 m depth; on big Tridacna maxima shell (Lipjin & Silva 2002). Generally found from low tide level to a depth of 36 m (Womersley 1987). - (15 Jun 2010) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a marine species.

Detailed distribution with sources (Click to Load)

Key references
Braune, W. (2008). Meeresalgen. Ein Farbbildführer zu den verbreiteten benthischen Grün- Braun- und Rotalgen der Weltmeere. pp. [1]-596, pls 1-266 (colour photographs). Ruggell: A.R.G. Gantner Verlag.

Cormaci, M., Furnari, G., Catra, M., Alongi, G. & Giaccone, G. (2012). Flora marina bentonica del Mediterraneo: Phaeophyceae. Bollettino dell'Accademia Gioenia 45: 1-508.

Dawes, C.J. & Mathieson, A.C. (2008). The seaweeds of Florida. pp. [i]- viii, [1]-591, [592], pls I-LI. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida.

Huisman, J.M. & Phillips, J.A. (2015). Dictyotales. In: Algae of Australia: marine benthic algae of north-western Australia. 1. Green and brown algae. (Huisman, J.M. Eds), pp. 189-216, 233-236. Canberra & Melbourne: ABRS & CSIRO Publishing.

Huisman, J.M., Abbott, I.A., Smith, C.M. (2007). Hawaiian reef plants. pp. [1]-264, numerous colour photographs. Honolulu: A publication of the University of Hawai'i Sea Grant College Program.

Kraft, G.T. (2009). Algae of Australia. Marine benthic algae of Lord Howe Island and the southern Great Barrier Reef, 2. Brown algae. pp. [i-iv], v-vi, 1-364, 107 figs. Erratum of fig. 73 from vol. 1. Canberra & Melbourne: Australian Biological Resources Study and CSIRO Publishing.

Luan Rixiao, Ding Lanping, Lu Baoren & Tseng, C.K. (2013). Flora algarum marinarum sinicarum Tomus III Phaeophyta No. I(1) Ectocarpales Ralfsiales Sphaceariales Dictyotales. pp. [i]-xxii, 1-195, pls I-XXII. Beijing: Science Press. [in Chinese]

Pedroche, P.F., Silva, P.C., Aguilar Rosas, L.E., Dreckmann, K.M. & Aguilar Rosas, R. (2008). Catálogo de las algas benthónicas del Pacífico de México II. Phaeophycota. pp. [i-viii], i-vi, 15-146. Mexicali & Berkeley: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana; Universidad Autónoma de Baja California; University of California Berkeley.

Ribero Siguan, M.A., Gomez Garreta, A., Salvador Soler, N. Rull Lluch, J. & Kapraun, D.F. (2011). Nuclear content estimates suggest a synapomorphy between Dictyota and six genera of the Dictyotales (Phaeophyceae). Cryptogamie Algologie 32(2): 205-219.

Rodríguez-Prieto, C., Ballesteros, E., Boisset, F. & Afonso-Carrillo, J. (2013). Guía de las macroalgas y fanerógamas marinas del Mediterráneo occidental. pp. [1]-656. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega, S.A..

Schultz, N.E., Lane, C.E., Le Gall, L., Gey, D., Bigney, A.R., De Reviers, B., Rousseau, F. & Schneider, C.W. (2015). A barcode analysis of the genus Lobophora (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) in the western Atlantic Ocean with four novel species and the epitypification of L variegata (J.V. Lamouroux) E.C. Oliveira. European Journal of Phycology 50(4): 481-500.

Scott, F.J. (2017). Marine plants of Tasmania. pp. [i]-viii, 1-360, numerous col. illus. Hobart: Tasmania Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.

Skelton, P.A. & South, G.R. (2007). The benthic marine algae of the Samoan Archipelago, South Pacific, with emphasis on the Apia District. Nova Hedwigia Beihefte 132: 1-350.

Suárez, A.M., Martínez-Daranas, B. & Alfonso, Y. (2015). Macroalgas marinas de Cuba. pp. [1]-264, 229 figs. La Habana [Havana]: UH [Universidad de La Habana] Editorial.

Titlyanov E.A., Titlyanova T.V. & Belous O.S. (2016). Useful marine plants of the Asia-Pacific Region countries. pp. 1-348, Many col. photo. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. [in Russian and English]

Womersley, H.B.S. (1967). A critical survey of the marine algae of southern Australia. II. Phaeophyta. Australian Journal of Botany 15: 189-270, 6 figs.

Womersley, H.B.S. (1987). The marine benthic flora of southern Australia. Part II. pp. 481, 169 figs, 1 table, 8 plates, 4 maps. Adelaide: South Australian Government Printing Division.

Created: 19 February 2002 by Sandy Lawson

Verified by: 27 February 2018 by M.D. Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 15754 times since it was created.

Verification of data
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References
(Please note: only references with the binomials in the title are included. The information is from the Literature database.)

Apt, K.E. (1984). The morphology of Phaeocolax kajimurai (Rhodomelaceae, Rhodophyta), a host specific epiphyte on Lobophora variegata (Phaeophyta). Phycologia 23: 239-247, 19 figs.
Barceló, M.C., Gómez Garreta, A., Ribera, M.A. & Rull Lluch, J. (1998). Mapas de distribución de algas marinas de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. XI. Lobophora variegata (Lamour.) Womersley, Padina pavonica (L.) Thivy y Zonaria tournefortii (Lamour.) Mont. (Dictyotales, Fucophyceae). Bot. Complutensis 22: 179-186.
de Ruyter van Steveninck, E.D. & Breeman, A.M. (1987). Deep water populations of Lobophora variegata (Phaeophyceae) on the coral reef of Curaçao: influence of grazing and dispersal on distribution patterns. Marine Ecology Progress Series 38: 241-250.
de Ruyter van Steveninck, E.D. & Breeman, A.M. (1987). Deep water vegetations of Lobophora variegata (Phaeophyceae) in the coral reff of Curaçao: population dynamics in relation to mass mortality of the sea urchin Diadema antillarum. Marine Ecology Progress Series 36: 81-90.
de Ruyter Van Steveninck, E.D. & Breeman, A.M. (1987). Deep-water growths of Lobophora variegata (Phaeophyceae) in the coral reef of Curaçao. British Phycological Journal 22: 311-312.
de Ruyter van Steveninck, E.D., Kamermans, P. & Breeman, A.M. (1988). Importance of physical and biological processes in structuring tropical intertidal populations of Lobophora variegata (Phaeophyceae). Mar Ecol Prog Ser 44: 77-84.
de Ruyter van Steveninck, E.D., Kamermans, P. & Breeman, A.M. (1988). Transplant experiments with two morphological growth forms of Lobophora variegata (Phaeophyceae). Mar Biol Prog Ser 49: 191-194.
de Ruyter van Steveninck, E.D., Mulekom, L.L. & Breeman, A.M. (1988). Growth inihibition of Lobophora variegata (Lamouroux) Womersley by scleractinian corals. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 115: 169-178.
Kaur, I. & Kumari, S. (1998). Light and electron microscope studies on Lobophora variegata (Lamouroux) Womersley ex Oliveira (Dictyotales, Phaeophyta). Algae 13(3): 323-329, 3 figs.
Schultz, N.E., Lane, C.E., Le Gall, L., Gey, D., Bigney, A.R., De Reviers, B., Rousseau, F. & Schneider, C.W. (2015). A barcode analysis of the genus Lobophora (Dictyotales, Phaeophyceae) in the western Atlantic Ocean with four novel species and the epitypification of L variegata (J.V. Lamouroux) E.C. Oliveira. European Journal of Phycology 50(4): 481-500.
Slattery, M. & Lesser, M.P. (2014). Allelopathy in the tropical alga Lobophora variegata (Phaeophyceae): mechanistic basis for a phase shift on mesophotic coral reefs?. Journal of Phycology 50(3): 493-505.
Umamaheswara Rao, M. (1980). Lobophora variegata from India. In: Taxonomy of algae. (Desikachary, T.V. & Raja Rao, V.N. Eds), pp. 765-773. University of Madras.

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M.D. Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2018. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 10 December 2018.

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