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Klebsormidium fluitans (F.Gay) Lokhorst

Publication details
Klebsormidium fluitans (F.Gay) Lokhorst 1996: 20

Published in: Lokhorst, G.M. (1996). Comparative taxonomic studies on the genus Klebsormidium (Charophyceae) in Europe. Cryptogamic Studies Volume 5. pp. 1-132. Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer.

Type species
The type species (holotype) of the genus Klebsormidium is Klebsormidium flaccidum (K├╝tzing) P.C.Silva, K.R.Mattox & W.H.Blackwell.

Status of name
This name is of an entity that is currently accepted taxonomically.

Basionym
Stichococcus fluitans F.Gay

Type information
Neotype locality: Lake Westeinderplassen near Rijsenhout, The Netherlands (Lokhorst 1996: 20). Neotype: G.M. Lokhorst; 17 November 1992; sheet piling, lake. L (Lokhorst 1996: 20). Notes: Epitype: Strain SAG 9.96 designated by Mikhailyuk et al. (2015: 764) to support the neotype specified above and proposed here as the authentic strain of K. fluitans; it is cryopreserved in liquid nitrogen in the SAG. They note that strain SAG 9.96 was isolated by Lokhorst from the neotype locality (original number Kl 22). Type locality: France: Herault (Lez R.; Montpelier Botanical Garden); collector: Huber (INA).

Origin of species name
Participle (Latin), floating, swimming (Stearn 1973).

Homotypic Synonym(s)
Stichococcus fluitans F.Gay 1894
Hormidium fluitans (Gay) Heering 1914
Chlorhormidium fluitans (F.Gay) Starmach 1972

Taxonomic notes
Sequences of K dissectum, K. fluitans and K. nitens formed an unresolved clade (Sluiman et al. 2008). - (24 Aug 2011) - Wendy Guiry

Usage notes
High UVR tolerance (Kitzing & Karsten, 2015). - (14 Aug 2015) - Wendy Guiry

General environment
This is a freshwater/terrestrial species.

Description
Emended description: Lokhorst (1966: 20-23, figs 69-109) fide Mikhailyuk et al. (2015).

Detailed distribution with sources
(as Stichococcus fluitans F.Gay)
Europe: Netherlands (Veen et al. 2015).

North America: Tennessee (TN) (Johansen et al. 2007).

(as Klebsormidium fluitans (F.Gay) Lokhorst)
Europe: Britain (John 2002, Whitton et al. 2003, John, Whitton & Brook 2011), France (Lokhorst 1996 , Anon. 2017), Netherlands (Lokhorst 1996 , Mikhailyuk et al. 2008 , Veen et al. 2015), Turkey (Europe) (Aysel 2005).

Pacific Islands: Hawaiian Islands (HI) (Sherwood 2004).

Key references
Borisova, O.V. & Tsarenko, P.M. (2015 '2014'). Klebsormidiales. In: Algae of Ukraine: diversity, nomenclature, taxonomy, ecology and geography. Volume 4: Charophyta. (Tsarenko, P.M., Wasser, S.P. & Nevo, E. Eds), pp. 449-453. Ruggell: Koeltz Scientific Books.

John, D.M. (2002). Orders Chaetophorales, Klebshormidiales, Microsporales, Ulotrichales. In: The Freshwater Algal Flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 433-468. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mikhailyuk, T., Glaser, K., Holzinger, A. & Karsten, U. (2015). Biodiversity of Klebsormidium (Streptophyta) from alpine biological soil crusts (Alps, Tyrol, Austria, and Italy). Journal of Phycology 51(4): 750-767.

Rindi, F. (2011). Phylum Chlorophyta. Orders Klebsormidiales. In: The freshwater algal flora of the British Isles. An identification guide to freshwater and terrestrial algae. Second edition. (John, D.M., Whitton, B.A. & Brook, A.J. Eds), pp. 554-556. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Sluiman, H.J., Guihal, C. & Mudimu, O. (2008). Assessing phylogenetic affinities and species delimitations in Klebsormidiales (Streptophyta): nuclear-encoded rDNA phylogenies and ITS secondary structure models in Klebsormidium, Hormidiella, and Entransia. Journal of Phycology 44(1): 183-195.

Created: 11 April 2002 by M.D. Guiry

Verified by: 12 October 2015 by Wendy Guiry

Accesses: This record has been accessed by users 852 times since it was created.

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Citing AlgaeBase
Cite this record as:
Wendy Guiry in Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. 2019. AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 July 2019.

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